Mayor of Rome

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Mayor of Rome
Sindaco di Roma Capitale
Flag of Rome.svg
Flag of Rome
Virginia Raggi - Festival Economia 2016.jpg
Incumbent
Virginia Raggi

since 22 June 2016
StyleNo title or style
ResidencePalazzo Senatorio
AppointerElectorate of Rome
Term length5 years, renewable once
Inaugural holderFrancesco Rospigliosi Pallavicini
Formation23 September 1870
DeputyLuca Bergamo
Salary€4,500 per month
WebsiteOfficial website

The Mayor of Rome (Italian: Sindaco di Roma Capitale) is an elected politician who, along with Rome’s City Council (Italian: Assemblea Capitolina) of 48 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Rome. As Rome is a comune speciale since 2009, the office is different from the offices of the other Italian cities. The title is the equivalent of Lord Mayor in the meaning of an actual executive leader.

Overview[edit]

Current seat of the Mayor, Palazzo Senatorio on Capitoline Hill.

According to the City of Rome Statutes, the Mayor of Rome is a member of Rome's City Council (Italian: Assemblea Capitolina). The Mayor is elected by the population of Rome. Citizens elect also the members of the City Council, which also controls Mayor's policy guidelines and is able to enforce his resignation by a motion of no confidence. The Mayor is entitled to appoint and release the members of their government, which are twelve (Italian: Assessori delle Giunta Capitolina) according to the Italian Constitution.

The seat of the City Council is the city hall Palazzo Senatorio on the Capitoline Hill.

History[edit]

As capital of the Papal States, Rome did not receive its Mayor until 1870, when it became the capital of Kingdom of Italy. The new Mayor served as member of the city council and he was appointed every three years by the King of Italy. Then since 1889 the Mayor was elected every four years by the City Council. However, fascist dictatorship abolished mayors and City councils in 1926, replacing them with a single authoritarian Rector (Podestà) chosen by the National Fascist Party. The rector of Rome was called "Governatore" (Governor).

After World War II, the Mayor was chosen by the City Council and only in 1993 the Mayor was firstly elected by the population (originally every four, then every five years).

List of Mayors of Rome[edit]

Papal States (1558–1870)[edit]

From 1558 to 1870, the Papal States created the office of Governatore (Governor), also called Vice Camerlengo, chosen by the Pope.

Kingdom of Italy (1870–1946)[edit]

From 1870, when Rome was annexed, the Kingdom of Italy created the office of the Mayor of Rome (Sindaco di Roma), chosen by the City council. In 1926, the Fascist dictatorship abolished mayors and City councils, replacing them with a single authoritarian Governatore (Governor) chosen by the National Fascist Party.

  Mayor Term start Term end Party
Michelangelo Caetani[1] 23 September 1870 30 September 1870 Independent
Giuseppe Lunati[2] 29 November 1870 20 December 1870 Independent
Filippo Doria Pamphili[2] 21 December 1870 March 1871 Independent
Giovanni Angelini[2] March 1871 16 April 1871 Independent
1 Francesco Rospigliosi Pallavicini 16 April 1871 21 October 1871 Independent
2 Luigi Pianciani 29 July 1873 5 August 1874 Historical Left
3 Pietro Venturi 15 January 1875 7 November 1877 Historical Left
4 Emanuele Ruspoli 18 July 1878 20 July 1880 Historical Right
(2) Luigi Pianciani October 1881 May 1882 Historical Left
5 Leopoldo Torlonia May 1882 31 December 1887 Historical Right
6 Alessandro Guiccioli 24 October 1888 28 November 1889 Historical Left
7 Augusto Armellini 28 November 1889 20 June 1890 Historical Left
8 Onorato Caetani 29 December 1890 14 November 1892 Historical Right
(4) Emanuele Ruspoli 14 November 1892 29 November 1899 Historical Right
9 Prospero Colonna di Paliano December 1899 October 1904 Historical Right
10 Enrico Cruciani Alibrandi 10 July 1905 10 July 1907 Independent
11 Ernesto Nathan 25 November 1907 8 December 1913 Radical Party
(9) Prospero Colonna di Paliano 6 July 1914 8 June 1919 Liberal Union
12 Adolfo Apolloni 8 June 1919 25 November 1920 Liberal Union
13 Luigi Rava 25 November 1920 23 May 1921 Liberal Union
14 Giannetto Valli 23 May 1921 26 June 1922 Liberal Union
15 Filippo Cremonesi 26 June 1922 1 January 1926 Independent
Governor (1926–1944)
1 Filippo Cremonesi 1 January 1926 9 December 1926 PNF
2 Ludovico Spada Veralli Potenziani 9 December 1926 13 September 1928 PNF
3 Francesco Boncompagni Ludovisi 13 September 1928 23 January 1935 PNF
4 Giuseppe Bottai 23 January 1935 15 November 1936 PNF
5 Piero Colonna 15 November 1936 30 August 1939 PNF
6 Giangiacomo Borghese 30 August 1939 21 August 1943 PNF
7 Giovanni Orgera 6 January 1944 10 June 1944 PFR
Allied occupation (1944–1946)
16 Filippo Andrea VI Doria Pamphili 10 June 1944 10 December 1946 Independent

Republic of Italy (1946–present)[edit]

From 1946 to 1993, the Mayor of Rome was chosen by the City Council.

  Mayor Term start Term end Party Coalition Election
17 Salvatore Rebecchini 10 December 1946 2 July 1956 DC DCPLIUQ (1946–52)
DCPLIPRI (1952–56)
1946
1947
1952
18 Umberto Tupini 2 July 1956 10 January 1958 DC DCPLIPRIPSDI 1956
19 Urbano Cioccetti 10 January 1958 11 July 1961 DC DCPLIPSDI
-
Special Prefectural Commissioner tenure (11 July 1961–17 July 1962)[a]
1960
20 Glauco Della Porta 17 July 1962 12 March 1964 DC DCPSIPSDIPRI 1962
21 Amerigo Petrucci 12 March 1964 29 December 1967 DC DCPSIPSDIPRI 1966
22 Rinaldo Santini 29 December 1967 30 July 1969 DC DCPSIPSDIPRI
23 Clelio Darida 30 July 1969 9 August 1976 DC DCPSIPSDI (1969–71)
DC (1971–76)
1971
24 Giulio Carlo Argan 9 August 1976 29 September 1979 PCI PCIPSIPSDI 1976
25 Luigi Petroselli 29 September 1979 15 October 1981 PCI PCIPSIPSDI
26 Ugo Vetere 15 October 1981 30 July 1985 PCI PCIPSIPSDIPRI 1981
27 Nicola Signorello 30 July 1985 6 August 1988 DC DCPSIPSDIPRIPLI 1985
28 Pietro Giubilo 6 August 1988 19 July 1989 DC DCPSIPSDIPRIPLI
-
Special Prefectural Commissioner tenure (19 July 1989–19 December 1989)[b]
29 Franco Carraro 19 December 1989 19 April 1993 PSI DCPSIPSDIPRIPLI (1989–92)
PSIPSDI (1992–93)
1989
-
Special Prefectural Commissioner tenure (19 April 1993–5 December 1993)[c]
Notes
  1. ^ Nominated by the Prefect after the City Council failed to elect a Mayor.
  2. ^ Nominated by the Prefect after the Mayor lost the support of the majority of the City Council.
  3. ^ Nominated by the Prefect after the Mayor and the members of the City Council resigned in order to hold a new election under the provision of the new local electoral law.

Since 1993, under provisions of new local administration law, the Mayor of Rome is chosen by direct election, originally every four, and since 2001 every five years.


Mayor of Rome Took office Left office Party Coalition Election
30 Francesco Rutelli Portrait.jpg Francesco Rutelli
(b. 1954)
5 December 1993 8 January 2001[3] FdV Alliance of Progressives
5 December 1993 – 17 November 1997
1993
The Olive Tree
17 November 1997 – 8 January 2001
1997
Special Prefectural Commissioner tenure (8 January 2001 – 1 June 2001)
31 Walter Veltroni cropped.jpg Walter Veltroni
(b. 1955)
1 June 2001 13 February 2008[4] DS
PD
The Olive Tree
1 June 2001 – 1 June 2006
2001
The Olive Tree
1 June 2006 – 13 February 2008
2006
Special Prefectural Commissioner tenure (13 February 2008 – 28 April 2008)
32 Gianni Alemanno crop.jpg Gianni Alemanno
(b. 1958)
28 April 2008 12 June 2013 PdL PdL
28 April 2008 – 12 June 2013
2008
33 Ignazio Marino crop.jpg Ignazio Marino
(b. 1955)
12 June 2013 31 October 2015[5] PD PD  • SEL
12 June 2013 – 31 October 2015
2013
Special Prefectural Commissioner tenure (31 October 2015 – 22 June 2016)
34 Virginia Raggi - Festival Economia 2016.jpg Virginia Raggi
(b. 1978)
22 June 2016 Incumbent M5S M5S
since 22 June 2016
2016

Timeline[edit]

Virginia RaggiIgnazio MarinoGianni AlemannoWalter VeltroniFrancesco RutelliFranco CarraroNicola SignorelloGiulio Carlo ArganClelio Darida

Election[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ President of the Government Council of Rome (Presidente della Giunta di Governo di Roma).
  2. ^ a b c Acting mayor.
  3. ^ He left the office because he was candidate at the 2001 general election as Prime Minister.
  4. ^ He left the office because he was candidate at the 2008 general election as Prime Minister.
  5. ^ Ousted from office after more than half the city's councillors stepped down.