Mayor of Rome

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Mayor of Rome
Sindaco di Roma Capitale
Coat of arms of Rome.svg
Ignazio Marino - Festivaletteratura 2012 02.JPG
Incumbent
Ignazio Marino

since 12 June 2013
Style No title or style
Residence Capitoline Hill
Appointer Electorate of Rome
Term length 5 years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Giuseppe Lunati
Formation 23 September 1870
Deputy Luigi Nieri
Salary €4,500 per month
Website Official website

The Mayor of Rome (Italian: Sindaco di Roma Capitale) is an elected politician who, along with the Rome’s City Council (Italian: Assemblea Capitolina) of 48 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Rome. As Rome is a comune speciale since 2009, the office is different from the offices of the other Italian cities. The title is the equivalent of Lord Mayor in the meaning of an actual executive leader.

Since 12 June 2013, Ignazio Marino holds the position. Previously, the position was held by Gianni Alemanno from April 2008 until his succession by Marino.

Overview[edit]

Current seat of the Mayor, Palazzo Senatorio on Capitoline Hill.

According to the Italian Constitution, the Mayor of Rome is member of the Rome's City Council (Italian: Assemblea Capitolina). Although the title Mayor is not held by the heads of the fifteen municipi of Rome, because they do not actually preside over self-governmental municipalities.

The Mayor is elected by the population of Rome. Citizens elect also the members of the City Council, which also controls Mayor's policy guidelines and is able to enforce his resignation by a motion of no confidence. The Mayor is entitled to appoint and release the members of his government, which are twelve (Italian: Assessori delle Giunta Capitolina) according to the Italian Constitution.

The seat of the City Council is the city hall Palazzo Senatorio on the Capitoline Hill.

History[edit]

As capital of the Papal States, Rome did not receive its Mayor until 1870, when it became the capital of Kingdom of Italy. The new Mayor served as member of the city council and he was appointed every three years by the King of Italy. Then since 1889 the Mayor was elected every four years by the City Council. Although, fascist dictatorship abolished mayors and City councils in 1926, replacing them with a single authoritarian Rector (Podestà) chosen by the National Fascist Party. The rector of Rome was called "Governatore" (Governor).

After the Second World War, the Mayor was chosen by the City Council and only in 1993 the Mayor was firstly elected by the population (originally every four, then every five years).

List of Mayors of Rome[edit]

Papal States (1558-1870)[edit]

From 1558 to 1870, the Papal States created the office of Governatore (Governor), also called Vice Camerlengo, chosen by the Pope.

Kingdom of Italy (1870-1946)[edit]

From 1870, when Rome was annexed, the Kingdom of Italy created the office of the Mayor of Rome (Sindaco di Roma), chosen by the City council. In 1926, the Fascist dictatorship abolished mayors and City councils, replacing them with a single authoritarian Governatore (Governor) chosen by the National Fascist Party.

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
1 Francesco Pallavicini.jpg Francesco Rospigliosi Pallavicini
(1828–1887)
16 April 1871 21 October 1871 Independent
2 Pianciani.jpg Luigi Pianciani
(1810–1890)
26 November 1872 5 August 1874 Historical Left
3 No image.svg Pietro Venturi
(?–?)
5 August 1874 7 November 1877 Historical Left
4 Emanuele Ruspoli.jpg Emanuele Ruspoli
(1837–1899)
7 November 1877 20 July 1880 Historical Right
5 Pianciani.jpg Luigi Pianciani
(1810–1890)
October 1881 6 May 1882 Historical Left
6 Leopoldo Torlonia - Senato.gif Leopoldo Torlonia
(1853–1818)
7 May 1882 31 December 1887 Historical Right
7 Alessandro Guiccioli.jpg Alessandro Guiccioli
(1843–1922)
1 January 1888 20 November 1889 Historical Left
8 No image.svg Augusto Armellini
(?–?)
28 November 1889 20 June 1890 Historical Right
9 Onorato Caetani.jpg Onorato Caetani
(1842–1917)
29 December 1890 14 November 1892 Historical Right
10 Emanuele Ruspoli.jpg Emanuele Ruspoli
(1837–1899)
14 November 1892 29 November 1899 Historical Right
11 Prospero Colonna.jpg Prospero Colonna
(1858–1937)
30 November 1899 October 1904 Historical Right
12 Enrico Cruciani Alibrandi.jpg Enrico Cruciani Alibrandi
(1839–1921)
December 1904 10 July 1907 Independent
13 Ernesto Nathan.jpg Ernesto Nathan
(1845–1921)
25 November 1907 8 December 1913 Radical Party
14 Prospero Colonna.jpg Prospero Colonna
(1858–1937)
6 July 1914 8 June 1919 Liberal Union
15 Adolfo apolloni.jpg Adolfo Apolloni
(1855–1923)
8 June 1919 25 November 1920 Liberal Union
16 Luigi Rava.JPG Luigi Rava
(1860–1938)
25 November 1920 23 May 1921 Liberal Union
17 No image.svg Giannetto Valli
(1869–1948)
23 May 1921 26 June 1922 Liberal Union
18 Filippo Cremonesi.jpg Filippo Cremonesi
(1872–1942)
26 June 1922 9 December 1926 Independent
Governor (1926–1944)
1 Ludovico Spada Veralli Potenziani.jpg Ludovico Spada Veralli Potenziani
(1880–1971)
9 December 1926 13 September 1928 National Fascist Party
2 Francesco Boncompagni Ludovisi.jpg Francesco Boncompagni Ludovisi
(1886–1955)
13 September 1928 23 January 1935 National Fascist Party
3 Bottai 37.jpg Giuseppe Bottai
(1895–1959)
23 January 1935 15 November 1936 National Fascist Party
4 Piero Colonna.jpg Piero Colonna
(1891–1939)
15 November 1936 24 August 1939 National Fascist Party
5 No image.svg Giangiacomo Borghese
(1889–1954)
30 August 1939 25 July 1943 National Fascist Party
6 No image.svg Giovanni Orgera
(1894–1967)
6 January 1944 3 June 1944 Republican Fascist Party
Allied occupation (1944–1946)
19 No image.svg Filippo Andrea VI Doria Pamphili
(1886–1958)
10 June 1944 10 December 1946 Independent
Notes
  • † Died in office

Republic of Italy (1946-present)[edit]

From 1946 to 1993, the Mayor of Rome was chosen by the City council. Since 1993, under provisions of new local administration law, the Mayor of Rome is chosen by popular election, originally every four, and since 2001 every five years.

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
20 Rebecchini 2.jpg Salvatore Rebecchini
(1891–1977)
10 December 1946 2 July 1956 Christian Democracy
21 Umberto Tupini2.jpg Umberto Tupini
(1889–1973)
2 July 1956 27 December 1957 Christian Democracy
22 Urbano Cioccetti.jpg Urbano Cioccetti
(1905–1978)
10 January 1958 11 July 1961 Christian Democracy
23 Glauco Della Porta.jpg Glauco Della Porta
(1920–1976)
17 July 1961 12 March 1964 Christian Democracy
24 Americo Petrucci.jpg Amerigo Petrucci
(1922–1983)
12 March 1964 13 November 1967 Christian Democracy
25 No image.svg Rinaldo Santini
(1914–2013)
29 December 1967 30 July 1969 Christian Democracy
26 Clelio Darida.jpg Clelio Darida
(1927–)
30 July 1969 6 May 1976 Christian Democracy
27 Argan politico.jpg Giulio Carlo Argan
(1909–1992)
9 August 1976 25 September 1979 Independent Left
28 No image.svg Luigi Petroselli
(1932–1981)
25 September 1979 7 October 1981 Italian Communist Party
29 Ugovetere.jpg Ugo Vetere
(1924–2013)
15 October 1981 30 July 1985 Italian Communist Party
30 Nicola Signorello.jpg Nicola Signorello
(1926–)
30 July 1985 6 August 1988 Christian Democracy
(Pentapartito)
31 No image.svg Pietro Giubilo
(1942–)
6 August 1988 19 July 1989 Christian Democracy
(Pentapartito)
32 Franco Carraro.jpg Franco Carraro
(1939–)
18 December 1989 20 April 1993 Italian Socialist Party
(Pentapartito)
33 Rutelli Termoli-27 (cropped).jpg Francesco Rutelli
(1954–)
5 December 1993 8 January 2001 Federation of the Greens
(The Olive Tree)
34 Walter Veltroni cropped.jpg Walter Veltroni
(1955–)
28 May 2001 13 February 2008 Democrats of the Left
(The Olive Tree)
35 Alemanno Colosseo.jpg Gianni Alemanno
(1958–)
29 April 2008 11 June 2013 The People of Freedom
36 Ignazio Marino - Festivaletteratura 2012 01.JPG Ignazio Marino
(1955–)
12 June 2013 Incumbent Democratic Party
Notes
  • † Died in office

Timeline[edit]

Ignazio Marino Gianni Alemanno Walter Veltroni Francesco Rutelli Franco Carraro Nicola Signorello Giulio Carlo Argan Clelio Darida

Election[edit]

References[edit]