Mayor of Venice
|Mayor of Venice|
|Style||No courtesy, title or style|
|Appointer||Electorate of Venice|
|Term length||5 years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Daniele Renier (1806)|
|Website||Comune di Venezia|
Since 15 June 2015 the center-right businessman Luigi Brugnaro has been mayor of Venice. Previously, the position was held by Giorgio Orsoni, who resigned on 13 June 2014 after a corruption scandal.
- 1 Overview
- 2 List of Mayors of Venice
- 3 Elections
- 4 References
According to the Italian Constitution, the Mayor of Venice is member of the Venice's City Council. Although the title Mayor is not held by the heads of the six boroughs of Venice, because they do not actually preside over self-governmental municipalities.
The Mayor is elected by the population of Venice. Citizens elect also the members of the City Council, which also controls Mayor's policy guidelines and is able to enforce his resignation by a motion of no confidence. The Mayor is entitled to appoint and release the members of his government.
Since 1993 the Mayor is elected directly by Florence's electorate: in all mayoral elections in Italy in cities with a population higher than 15,000 the voters express a direct choice for the mayor or an indirect choice voting for the party of the candidate's coalition. If no candidate receives at least 50% of votes, the top two candidates go to a second round after two weeks. The election of the City Council is based on a direct choice for the candidate with a preference vote: the candidate with the majority of the preferences is elected. The number of the seats for each party is determined proportionally.
The seat of the City Council is the city hall Ca' Loredan on the Canal Grande.
List of Mayors of Venice
- 1806-1811 — Daniele Renier
- 1811-1816 — Bartolomeo Gerolamo Gradenigo
- 1817-1818 — Marco Molin
- 1818-1827 — Francesco Calbo Crotta
- 1827-1834 — Domenico Morosini
- 1834-1837 — Giuseppe Boldù
- 1838-1857 — Giovanni Correr
- 1857-1859 — Alessandro Marcello
- 1860-1866 — Pierluigi Bembo
Kingdom of Italy (1866-1946)
In 1860, the nascent Kingdom of Italy created the office of the Mayor of Venice (Sindaco di Venezia), chosen by the City council:
|Mayor||Term start||Term end||Party|
|1||Giambattista Giustinian||1866||1868||Historical Right|
|2||Giuseppe Giovanelli||1868||1870||Historical Right|
|3||Antonio Fornoni||1870||1875||Historical Right|
|(1)||Giambattista Giustinian||1875||1878||Historical Right|
|4||Dante Di Serego Alighieri||1878||1888||Historical Right|
|5||Lorenzo Tiepolo||1888||1890||Historical Right|
|6||Riccardo Selvatico||1890||1895||Historical Left|
|7||Filippo Grimani||1895||1919||Historical Right|
|Fascist Podestà (1926-1945)|
|5||Giovanni Battista Dall'Armi||1943||1945||PFR|
Republic of Italy (1946-present)
From 1946 to 1993, the Mayor of Venice was chosen by the City Council:
|Mayor||Term start||Term end||Party||Coalition|
|1||Giovanni Battista Gianquinto||1946||1951||PCI||PSI - PCI|
|4||Giovanni Favaretto Fisca||1960||1970||DC||DC - PSDI (1960–64)
DC - PSDI - PSI (1964–70)
|5||Giorgio Longo||1970||1975||DC||DC - PSDI - PSI|
|6||Mario Rigo||1975||1985||PSI||PSI - PCI|
|7||Nereo Laroni||1985||1987||PSI||PSI - PCI - PRI|
|8||Antonio Casellati||1987||1990||PRI||PSI - PCI - PRI|
|9||Ugo Bergamo||1990||1993||DC||DC - PSDI - PSI|
Since 1993, under provisions of new local administration law, the Mayor of Venice is chosen by popular election, originally every four, and later every five years:
|Mayor of Venice||Took office||Left office||Party||Coalition|
|10||Massimo Cacciari||5 December 1993||25 January 2000||Independent||PDS - PRC - Greens
5 December 1993 – 17 November 1997
|DS - PRC - Greens
17 November 1997 – 25 January 2000
|Corrado Scivoletto||25 January 2000||30 April 2000||Special Commissioner|
|11||Paolo Costa||30 April 2000||18 April 2005||DL||DS - DL - PdCI
30 April 2000 – 18 April 2005
|(10)||Massimo Cacciari||18 April 2005||30 March 2010||PD||PD
18 April 2005 – 30 March 2010
|12||Giorgio Orsoni||30 March 2010||13 June 2014||PD||PD - PRC - Greens
30 March 2010 – 13 June 2014
|Vittorio Zappalorto||13 June 2014||15 June 2015||Special Commissioner|
|13||Luigi Brugnaro||15 June 2015||incumbent||Independent||FI - AP
and others center-right Independents
since 15 June 2015
Mayoral and City Council election, 1993
The election took place in two rounds: the first on 21 November and the second on 5 December 1993.
For the first time under the new electoral law citizens could vote directly the mayor; before this choice was made by the City Council. For the first time a center-left coalition, composed by the ex-communist Democratic Party of the Left and some other progressives party (such as the new-born Federation of the Greens and the Communist Refoundation Party), presented its candidate: Massimo Cacciari. He was an independent venetian philosopher, who had been a member of the Italian Communist Party.
The main opposition to Cacciari's coalition was represented by Aldo Mariconda; Mariconda was a businessman and member of the regionalist Lega Nord-Liga Veneta, which combined Venetian nationalism and a strong support for fiscal federalism. Liga Veneta, as regional faction of the national Lega Nord party, had a liberal, centrist and economically libertarian outfit due to the political upbringing of its early leaders and a more conservative electoral base.
Although the political crisis, Christian Democracy presented its candidate: Giovanni Castellani.
On 5 December 1993, Cacciari won the election and became the first elected mayor of Venice.
|Venice Mayoral Election Results 1993|
|Massimo Cacciari||Democratic Party of the Left (PDS)||89,048||42.3||107,497||55.4|
|Aldo Mariconda||Lega Nord-Liga Veneta||55,816||26.5||86,643||44.6|
|Giovanni Castellani||Christian Democracy (DC)||49,224||23.4|
|Bruno Canella||Italian Social Movement (MSI)||6,048||2.9|
Mayoral and City Council election, 1997
The election took place on 16 November 1997.
The main candidates were the outgoing mayor Massimo Cacciari, supported by Prime Minister Romano Prodi's center-left coalition The Olive Tree, and Mauro Pizzigati, supported by Silvio Berlusconi's party Forza Italia.
|Venice Mayoral Election Results 1997|
|Massimo Cacciari||Democratic Party of the Left (PDS)||116,751||64.6|
|Mauro Pizzigati||Forza Italia (FI)||37,436||20.7|
|Giovanni Fabris||Lega Nord-Liga Veneta||18,489||10.2|
Mayoral and City Council election, 2000
The election took place in two rounds: the first on 16 April and the second on 30 April 2000.
|Venice Mayoral Election Results 2000|
|Paolo Costa||Italian People's Party (PPI)||62,755||37.7||68,229||56.0|
|Renato Brunetta||Forza Italia (FI)||64,956||39.0||53,686||44.0|
|Goffredo Bettin||Communist Refoundation Party (PRC)||27,086||16.3|
Mayoral ad City Council election, 2005
These elections were held on two separate dates: the first round on 3–4 April, the second round on 17–18 April 2005.
The candidates were in total eleven, but only four were supported by political parties (all the others were supported by independent lists): the philosopher and former mayor Massimo Cacciari, which were supported by the center-left party The Daisy, the magistrate Felice Casson, who was supported by a broad center-left coalition, the businessman Cesare Campa, who was supported by Forza Italia and Union of Christian and Centre Democrats, and Alberto Mazzonetto, who was supported by Lega Nord.
After a hard battle, to the second round went Massimo Cacciari, who represented the moderate left, and Felice Casson, who represented some of the extreme left parties. Despite the first round had a lot of votes, Casson lost because many of the center-right voters voted for Cacciari.
|Venice Mayoral Election Results 2005|
|Massimo Cacciari||Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy (DL)||37,488||23.2||64,315||50.5|
|Felice Casson||Democrats of the Left (DS)||60,837||37.7||62,974||49.5|
|Cesare Campa||Forza Italia (FI)||32,726||20.7|
|Raffaele Speranzon||National Alliance (AN)||10,021||6.2|
Mayoral and City Council election, 2010
These elections were held on 28–29 March 2010.
There were nine candidates (two supported by important coalition and seven supported by different independent lists); the most important candidates were Giorgio Orsoni and the minister Renato Brunetta, who tried for a second time to become the mayor (in fact he was candidate for this position in 2000). Giorgio Orsoni was supported by a center-left coalition formed by Democratic Party, Italy of Values, Communist Refoundation Party-Federation of the Greens and the Italian Socialist Party; Renato Brunetta was supported by a center-right coalition formed by The People of Freedom and Lega Nord.
Unexpectedly, Orsoni won the election in the first round making did not go to vote for a possible second round, as it has happened in the elections of 2000 and of 2005.
|Venice Mayoral Election Results 2010|
|Giorgio Orsoni||Democratic Party (PD)||75,403||51.1|
|Renato Brunetta||People of Freedom (PdL)||62,833||42.6|
|Marco Gavagnin||Five Star Movement (M5S)||4,608||3.1|
Mayoral and City Council election, 2015
These elections were held on two different dates: the first round on 31 May, the second round on 14 June 2015.
These elections occurred after a year during which the city were governed by a special commissioner after the incumbent mayor Giorgio Orsoni resigned in June 2014 amid a wider investigation into alleged corruption over new flood barriers MOSE Project. The official candidate of the center-left coalition was the left-wing magistrate and senator Felice Casson, who failed the election in 2005. Cause of his opposition to Matteo Renzi's political line, Casson was generally considered as a representative of the extreme left parties, and based his campaign on the break with the old and corrupted politicians who were investigated the past year.
The main opposition to Casson's coalition was the center-righ independent Luigi Brugnaro, a businessman and president of the Reyer Venezia Mestre basketball club. Brugnaro was sustained by a coalition between Silvio Berlusconi's Forza Italia and the conservative Popular Area alliance.
Although Casson was ahead after the first round, on 14 June Brugnaro won the election and became the first directly-elected conservative mayor of the city. However, the victory of Brugnaro occurred thanks to his great popularity across the city: his own independent list Brugnaro for Mayor resulted the first party in the city and gained 17 of 36 seats in the City Council, while Forza Italia and Popular Area obtained together no more than 5% of the votes.
|Venice Mayoral Election Results 2015 |
|Felice Casson||Democratic Party (PD)||46,298||38.0||47,838||46.8|
|Davide Scano||Five Star Movement (M5S)||15,348||12.6|
|Angelo Bellati||Lega Nord||14,482||12.0|
|Francesca Zaccariotto||Brothers of Italy (FdI)||8,292||6.8|
|Venice Council Election 2015 - Parties|
|Center-left (Casson)||44,068||37.6||8||Felice Casson for Mayor List
Left Ecology Freedom-Greens
|Center-right (Brugnaro)||33,445||28.6||21+1||Luigi Brugnaro for Mayor List
|Five Star Movement (Scano)||15,009||12.8||3||Five Star Movement||15,009||12.8||3|
|Lega Nord (Bellati)||13,997||11.9||2||Lega Nord
- Mayor of Venice resigns after corruption inquiry, BBC 13 June 2014
- Resigned in order to participate to the regional elections.
- Resigned after a corruption scandal Mayor of Venice resigns after corruption inquiry, BBC 13 June 2014.
- Brugnaro, l'imprenditore un po' leghista e un po' grillino: "Mi piace Renzi", La Stampa 16 June 2015.
- Comunali Venezia 2015, La Repubblica.