Mayor of Wellington City

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Mayor of Wellington City
Wellington COA.gif
Coat of arms of the City of Wellington
Justin Lester.jpg
Incumbent
Justin Lester

since 26 October 2016
Style His/Her Worship
Seat Wellington Town Hall
Term length Three years
Inaugural holder George Hunter
Formation 3 October 1842
Deputy Paul Eagle
Salary $167,800[1]
Website official website

The Mayor of Wellington City is the head of the municipal government of Wellington, New Zealand, and presides over the Wellington City Council. Adjacent local bodies – Lower Hutt, Upper Hutt, and Porirua – have their own mayors. The Mayor is directly elected using STV.

The current Mayor is Justin Lester, elected in October 2016.[2]

History[edit]

The development of local government in Wellington was erratic. The first attempt to establish governmental institutions, the so-called "Wellington Republic", was short lived and based on rules written by the New Zealand Company. Colonel William Wakefield was to be the first President.

When the self-proclaimed government arrested a ship's captain for a violation of Wellington law, the Governor William Hobson quickly asserted British sovereignty over the whole of New Zealand, sending a contingent of soldiers to disband the council in Wellington.

In January 1842, the Legislative Council in Auckland passed the Municipal Corporations Ordinance, and in May 1842 Wellington was officially proclaimed a borough, the first municipality with this status. The office of mayor was established, but there were only two holders of this office under the Ordinance.

George Hunter received the most votes in the election for 12 Burgesses to the new council on 3 October 1842 and was declared mayor. He died suddenly on 19 July 1843. William Guyton was then declared mayor, as runner-up in 1842.

The British Government disallowed the Municipal Corporations Ordinance, but news of this did not reach Wellington until late September 1843, after the election had been held and a second Burgess Roll of qualified voters had been prepared, in 1843 (both Rolls are listed in Carman). After a brief period of little local government, the Province of Wellington was established in 1852, and most of Wellington's affairs were handled by the provincial government.

Initially, the councillors elected one of their own as mayor towards the end of the year. The role was traditionally awarded to the longest serving councillor. The system changed upon the introduction of The Municipal Corporations Acts Amendment Act, 1875. It legislated that mayors must be elected at large by eligible voters.[3] The inaugural mayoral election was held in 1875 resulting in William Hutchison being the first mayor to be elected by voters.[4]

In 1863, a Town Board was established with three wards (Thorndon, Lambton, Te Aro), but no Mayor.

On 16 September 1870, Wellington was officially incorporated as a city, and a new mayoralty created, which continues. The establishment of the new council was primarily driven by John Plimmer, called by some the Father of Wellington.

Since then the office of Mayor has been held by 34 people. Five people have been Mayor on two separate occasions, and the longest-serving Mayor was Sir Frank Kitts, from 1956 to 1974.

Recent mayors[edit]

Six former mayors are alive:

Of the mayors elected since Frank Kitts (1956–1974) only one has died —

List of Mayors of Wellington[edit]

Colour key
(for political parties)
# Name Portrait Term of Office Elections
- George Hunter George Hunter (mayor).jpg 1842 1843 1842
- William Guyton William Guyton.jpg 1843 1843
1 Joseph Dransfield Joseph Dransfield.jpg 1870 1873 1870 • 1871 • 1872
2 Charles Borlase Charles Borlase.jpg 1874 1875 1874
3 William Sefton Moorhouse William Sefton Moorhouse1.jpg 1875 1875
4 William Hutchison William Hutchison, 1882.jpg 1875 1877 187518761877
(1) Joseph Dransfield Joseph Dransfield.jpg 1878 1879 1878
5 George Allen George Allen (mayor).jpg 1879 -
(Acting Mayor)
(4) William Hutchison William Hutchison, 1882.jpg 1879 1881 18791880
6 George Fisher George Fisher, ca 1890s.jpg 1881 1885 18811882
18831884
7 Arthur Winton Brown Arthur Winton Brown.jpg 1885 1887 18851886
8 Samuel Brown Samuel Brown.jpg 1887 1888 1887
9 John Duthie John Duthie, ca 1900.jpg 1888 1890 18881889
10 Charles Johnston Charles Johnston, Speaker of NZ Legislative Chamber 1915–1918.jpg 1890 1891 1890
(7) Arthur Winton Brown Arthur Winton Brown.jpg 1891 1892 1891
11 Francis Bell Sir Francis Henry Dillon Bell, ca 1924.jpg 1892 1893 1892
12 Alfred Brandon Mayor Alfred de Bathe Brandon.jpg 1893 1894 1893
13 Charles Luke Charles Manley Luke.jpg 1894 1895 1894
(6) George Fisher George Fisher, ca 1890s.jpg 1895 1896 1895
(11) Francis Bell Sir Francis Henry Dillon Bell, ca 1924.jpg 1896 1897 1896
14 John Blair John Rutherford Blair.jpg 1897 1899 18971898
15 John Aitken John Guthrie Wood Aitken, ca 1902-1908.jpg 1899 1905 189919001901
190219031904
16 Thomas William Hislop Thomas William Hislop, 1908.jpg 1905 1909 19051906
19071908
17 Alfred Newman Alfred Kingcome Newman.jpg 1909 1910 1909
18 Thomas Wilford Thomas Wilford, 1909.jpg 1910 1912 19101911
19 David McLaren David McLaren.jpg 1912 1913 1912
20 John Luke John-Pearce Luke (cropped).jpg 1913 1921 191319141915
19171919
21 Robert Alexander Wright Robert Alexander Wright.jpg 1921 1925 19211923
22 Charles Norwood Charles Norwood.jpg 1925 1927 1925
23 George Troup George Alexander Troup (1863–1941) by Stanley Polkinghorne Andrew (c.1879-1964) in 1927.jpg 1927 1931 19271929
24 Thomas Hislop T. C. A. Hislop.jpg 1931 1944 193119331935
19381941
25 Will Appleton Will Appleton.jpg 1944 1950 19441947
26 Robert Macalister Robert Macalister.jpg 1950 1956 19501953
27 Frank Kitts Frank Kitts, 1966.jpg 1956 1974 195619591962
196519681971
28 Michael Fowler Michael Fowler, 1965.jpg 1974 1983 197419771980
29 Ian Lawrence No image.png 1983 1986 1983
30 James Belich No image.png 1986 1992 19861989
31 Fran Wilde FranWilde.png 1992 1995 1992
32 Mark Blumsky No image.png 1995 2001 19951998
33 Kerry Prendergast Kerry Prendergast.jpg 2001 2010 200120042007
34 Celia Wade-Brown Celia Wade-Brown, 2013.jpg 2010 2016 20102013
35 Justin Lester Justin Lester.jpg 2016 present 2016

List of Deputy-Mayors of Wellington[edit]

Name Term of Office Mayor
John Smith 1910 1912 Wilford
Vacant
George Frost 1920 1921 Luke
Vacant
Martin Luckie 1929 1931 Troup
Vacant
William Bennett 1935 1936† Hislop
Martin Luckie 1936 1947
Appleton
Robert Macalister 1947 1950
William Stevens 1950 1953 Macalister
Ernest Toop 1953 1956
William Nankervis 1956 1960 Kitts
William Arcus 1960 1962
Denis McGrath 1962 1965
Cecil Henry Benny 1965 1966
Robert Archibald 1966 1970
David Porter 1970 1971
John Jeffries 1971 1974
Ian Lawrence 1977 1983 Fowler
Gavin Wilson 1983 1986 Lawrence
Helene Ritchie 1986 1988 Belich
David Watt 1988 1989
Terry McDavitt 1989 1992
David Watt 1992 1995 Wilde
Kerry Prendergast 1995 2001 Blumsky
Alick Shaw 2001 2007 Prendergast
Ian McKinnon 2007 2013
Wade-Brown
Justin Lester 2013 2016
Paul Eagle 2016 present Lester

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hendry, Simon (2 May 2016). "Mayors and councillors' pay will increase by between 1.5 and 3 per cent from July". The Dominion Post. Retrieved 5 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "Election 2016: Progress Results for the Mayor". Wellington City Council. Wellington City Council. 8 October 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016. 
  3. ^ "Municipal Corporations Acts Amendment Act 1875". University of Auckland. 21 October 1875. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "The Mayoralty Election". The Evening Post. XII (143). 15 December 1875. p. 2. Retrieved 31 March 2016. 
  5. ^ Forbes, Michael (15 September 2015). "Former Wellington mayor Sir James Belich dies at age 88". The Dominion Post. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 

References[edit]

  • Wellington: Biography of a City by Redmer Yska (2006, Reed Books, Auckland) ISBN 9780790011172
  • Betts on Wellington: A City and its Politics by G. M. Betts (1970, Reed, Wellington) ISBN 0-589-00469-7
  • The Birth of a City: Wellington 1840–1843 by A. H. Carman (1970, Wright & Carman, Wellington)
  • No Mean City by Stuart Perry (1969 booklet, Wellington City Council) includes a paragraph and a portrait or photo of each mayor, including Hunter & Guyton.

External links[edit]