Mayora Indah

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PT Mayora Indah Tbk
Public
Traded asIDXMYOR
IndustryFood processing
Founded17 February 1977; 43 years ago (1977-02-17)
FounderJogi Hendra Atmadja
HeadquartersJakarta, Indonesia
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Ongkie Tedjasurja (Managing Director)
Gunawan Atmadja (President)
Jogi Hendra Atmadja (President Commissioner)
ProductsBiscuits, candies, wafers, chocolate, cereals, coffee, instant noodles, tea, drinking water
RevenueGreen Arrow Up.svg 18.349 trillion IDR (2016)
Green Arrow Up.svg 1.39 trillion IDR (2016)
Total assetsGreen Arrow Up.svg 12.922 trillion IDR (2016)
Total equityGreen Arrow Up.svg 6.265 trillion IDR (2016)
OwnerUnita Branindo (32.93%)
Number of employees
8,584 people (2016)
Websitewww.mayora.com

PT Mayora Indah Tbk, or simply called Mayora, is an Indonesian food and beverage company founded on 17 February 1977. The company is recognized as the world's largest coffee candy manufacturer through the Kopiko brand.[citation needed] The company has been listed on the Jakarta Stock Exchange (now Indonesia Stock Exchange) since 4 July 1990. PT Unita Branindo holds 32.93% of shares.[1]


History[edit]

Mayora's history dates back to 1948, when a family of Chinese immigrants to Indonesia began making biscuits in their home kitchen, with Marie Biscuits as their first product. In 1976, the family moved to Kampung Bali in Jakarta and began selling Roma brand biscuits. Mayora was formally established in 1977, opening its first factory in Tangerang, west of the Indonesian capital Jakarta. Kopiko, a coffee-flavored candy, was launched in 1982.[2] The company went public in 1990 and expanded its presence to other Asian countries. In November 2017, Mayora's Kopiko snacks were photographed at the International Space Station as part of a Thanksgiving dinner held by astronauts.[3] In 2019, Mayora founder and head Jogi Hendra Atmadja was listed by Forbes as the 10th richest person in Indonesia, with wealth of $3 billion.[4]

Products[edit]

A billboard for Kopiko Blanca coffee mix in sachets along Epifanio de los Santos Avenue in Quezon City, Philippines.

Mayora Group produces several product lines, namely:

  • Biscuit: Roma Better, Roma Slai Olai, Roma Chess Kress, Roma Coffee Joy, Roma Malkist Crackers, Roma Malkist Abon, Roma Sari Gandum Sandwich, Roma Cream Crackers, Roma Biskuit Kelapa, Roma Marie Susu, Malkist Chocolate
  • Candy: Kopiko, Kis, Fres, Plonk, Tamarin, Juizy Milk
  • Wafer: Astor, Beng-Beng, Beng-Beng Max, Roma Zuper Keju (Cal Cheese), Superstar
  • Chocolate: Choki-Choki, Danisa
  • Cereal: Energen
  • Coffee: Kopiko Brown Coffee, Kopiko Blanca, Kopiko White Mocca, Torabika Duo, Torabika Oke, Torabika 3 in 1, Torabika Jahe Susu, Torabika Cappuccino, Tora Moka, Tora Susu, Kopiko Black, Kopiko Cappuccino, Kopiko L.A (low acid), Kopiko Double Cups, Tora Cafe, Torabika Creamy Latte
  • Pulp: Super Bubur
  • Instant Noodle: Migelas
  • Beverage: Kopiko 78°C, Teh Pucuk Harum, Q Guava, Kopiko Iced Blanca, Kopiko Iced Black, Kopiko Iced Brown, Le Minerale

Controversies[edit]

Bankers Trust case[edit]

During the 1997-98 Asian financial crisis, when the value of the Indonesian rupiah plummeted, Mayora defaulted on payment obligations to Bankers Trust International. BTI had sold derivative trading contracts to Mayora under International Swaps and Derivatives Association Master Agreements (ISDA Agreements), which contained an arbitration clause. Unwilling to pay its obligations, Mayora sued BTI at South Jakarta District Court, arguing that the agreements were similar to gambling and therefore against Indonesian law.[5] BTI took the case to the London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA), which ruled in favor of BTI, but South Jakarta District Court ruled in favor of Mayora. BTI appealed and the Indonesian Supreme Court upheld the ruling in 2000 and again in 2003, leaving BTI with no further legal recourse.[6]

Free candy for pregnant mothers[edit]

According to author Martin Lindstrom's book Brandwashed: Tricks Companies Use To Manipulate Our Minds And Persuade Us To Buy, doctors in the Philippines were given Kopiko candies to hand out to pregnant mothers, and the company later introduced a coffee product which tasted like the candy and became popular with children.[7]

Mineral water factory dispute[edit]

In 2014, residents of Pandeglang regency in Indonesia's Banten province began staging protests with the aim of expelling PT Tirta Fresindo Jaya, a subsidiary of Mayora Group, which planned to build a Le Minerale bottled water factory in Cadasari subdistrict that would tap groundwater from natural springs in the area. Residents argued they needed the groundwater for their daily supplies and irrigation needs. The protests culminated in February 2017, when the factory site was attacked, delaying construction activity. Protesters said their aspirations had been ignored by local officials and politicians. In response to initial protests, then-Pandeglang regent Erwin Kurtubi in November 2014 issued a letter to the president director of PT Tirta Fresindo Jaya to "stop investment activities", but the letter had no legal force and the company's activities continued. After Fresindo drilled and tested groundwater in early 2016, locals complained their water reservoirs had dwindled and agricultural irrigation was disrupted. Locals also claimed that a community consent letter for the factory contained falsified signatures. Residents whose names were collected for signatures were each reportedly paid Rp1 million in cash, minus Rp200,000 deducted per person for a mediator. Mayora spokesman Sribugo Suratmo said the community's concerns were unreasonable because the factory had obtained all necessary permits from the local government and would not interfere with surface wells.[8] The company also argued the factory would benefit the local economy and attract further investment.[9]

School children caffeine overdose[edit]

In September 2016, 34 school students at Concord Technical Institute in Cebu, the Philippines, were briefly hospitalized for caffeine overdose after they consumed free samples of Kopiko 78C bottled drink offered to them. Doctors said children over 12 should only consume up to 70 milligrams of caffeine daily, whereas each bottle of Kopiko 78C contained 150 milligrams of caffeine.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mayora At a Glance". mayora.com. Retrieved 2019-06-20.
  2. ^ "RHB Indonesia Sector Update 24 August 2018" (PDF). RHB TradeSmart. RHB TradeSmart. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  3. ^ "Indonesian coffee candy literally 'out of this world'". The Jakarta Post. 26 November 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  4. ^ "2019 Indonesia's 50 Richest, #10 Jogi Hendra Atmadja". Forbes. December 2019. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  5. ^ George A. Bermann (17 July 2017). Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards: The Interpretation and Application of the New York Convention by National Courts. Springer. pp. 495–. ISBN 978-3-319-50915-0.
  6. ^ "Enforcement Of Foreign Arbitral Award in Indonesia (Part 3 – the end)". Asian Legal Business. THOMSON REUTERS. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  7. ^ Martin Lindstrom (20 September 2011). Brandwashed: Tricks Companies Use to Manipulate Our Minds and Persuade Us to Buy. Crown. pp. 16–. ISBN 978-0-385-53174-0.
  8. ^ Sumandoyo, Arbi (3 April 2017). "Melawan Penyedotan Mata Air oleh Mayora Group". Tirto. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  9. ^ Nabhani, Ahmad (8 May 2017). "Roda Ekonomi di Pandeglang Bakal Tumbuh - Pabrik Le Minerale Beroperasi". Harian Ekonomi Neraca. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  10. ^ Cuizon, Razel V. (30 September 2016). "34 students suffer caffeine overdose in Cebu". SunStar. Retrieved 23 February 2020.

External links[edit]