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List of mayors of New York City

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For a list of the Dutch Directors-General who governed New Amsterdam as part of New Netherland between 1624 and 1664, see Director-General of New Netherland. For a list of the Mayors of Brooklyn from 1834 to Brooklyn's consolidation into the City of New York in 1898, see History of Brooklyn.

The Mayor of New York City is the chief executive of the government of New York City, as stipulated by the Charter of the City of New York. The current Mayor of New York City, the 109th in the sequence of regular mayors, is Bill de Blasio, a Democrat.

During the Dutch colonial period from 1624 to 1664, New Amsterdam was governed by the Director of New Netherland. The office of Mayor of New York was established in 1665 and were appointed by colonial governors until 1777. The year prior, New York was run by Richard Nicolls, the British military governor of the Province of New York. Thomas Willett was the first person to be specifically appointed mayor.

In 1777, during the American Revolution, a Council of Appointment was formed by New York State. In 1821 the New York City Council – then known as the Common Council – began appointing mayors.

Since 1834, mayors have been elected by direct popular vote.[citation needed]

Before 1898, the city included little beyond the island of Manhattan. The 1898 consolidation created the city as it is today with five boroughs: Manhattan, the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island.

The longest-serving mayors have been Fiorello H. La Guardia (1934–1945), Robert F. Wagner, Jr. (1954–1965), Ed Koch (1978–1989), and Michael Bloomberg (2002–2013) each of whom was in office for twelve years (three successive 4-year terms). The shortest terms in office since 1834 have been those of acting mayors: Thomas Coman (five weeks from Monday, November 30, 1868, to Monday, January 4, 1869) and Samuel B. H. Vance (one month from November 30 to December 31, 1874).

No mayor has been female. David Dinkins has been the only non-white mayor. Mayors have come from a variety of ethnic groups and held a variety of religions.[citation needed]

Mayors of the unconsolidated city[edit]

Appointed mayors[edit]

Before 1680, mayors served one-year terms. As of 1680, they served two-year terms. Exceptions are noted thus (*). A dagger (†) indicates mayoralties cut short by death in office. [When the same man served more than one continuous term, his name is lightly shaded purely for clarity, but the tints have no other significance.]

After 1820, the mayor was appointed by the city's Common Council. Peter Delanoy (1689–1691) was the only mayor elected by popular vote before 1834. (See Note 1 directly below this table.)

No.[1] Name Starting year of Office Ending year of Office Political Party[citation needed]
1 Thomas Willett (1st term) 1665 1666
2 Thomas Delavall (1st term) 1666 1667
3 Thomas Willett (2nd term) 1667 1668
4 Cornelius Van Steenwyk (1st term) 1668 1671
5 Thomas Delavall (2nd term) 1671 1672
6 Matthias Nicoll 1672 1673
7 John Lawrence (1st term) 1673 1675
8 William Dervall 1675 October 17 1676 October 14
9 Nicholas De Mayer 1676 October 14 1677
10 Stephanus Van Cortlandt (1st term) 1677 1678
11 Thomas Delavall (3rd term) 1678 1679
12 Francis Rombouts 1679 1680
13 William Dyre 1680 October 30 1682
14 Cornelius Van Steenwyk (2nd term) 1682 1684
15 Gabriel Minvielle (*) 1684 1685
16 Nicholas Bayard (*) 1685 1686
17 Stephanus Van Cortlandt (2nd term) 1686 1688
18 Peter Delanoy 1 1689 1691
19 John Lawrence (2nd term *) 1691 May 1691 October
20 Abraham de Peyster 1691 October 1694
21 Charles Lodwik 1694 1695
22 William Merritt 1695 1698
23 Johannes de Peyster 1698 1699
24 David Provost 1699 1700
25 Isaac De Reimer 1700 1701
26 Thomas Noell 1701 1702
27 Phillip French 1702 1703
28 William Peartree 1703 1707
29 Ebenezer Wilson 1707 1710
30 Jacobus Van Cortlandt (1st term) 1710 1711
31 Caleb Heathcote 1711 1714
32 John Johnstone 1714 1719
33 Jacobus Van Cortlandt (2nd term) 1719 1720
34 Robert Walters 1720 1725
35 Johannes Jansen 1725 1726
36 Robert Lurting 1726 1735 †
37 Paul Richard 1735 1739
38 John Cruger 1739 1744 August 13 †
39 Stephen Bayard 1744 1747
40 Edward Holland 1747 1757 †
41 John Cruger, Jr. 1757 1766
42 Whitehead Hicks 1766 1776
43 David Matthews 1776 1783
44 James Duane 1784 1789
45 Richard Varick 1789 1801
46 Edward Livingston 1801 1803 Democratic-Republican
47 DeWitt Clinton (1st term) 1803 1807
48 Marinus Willett 1807 1808
49 DeWitt Clinton (2nd term) 1808 1810 Democratic-Republican
50 Jacob Radcliff (1st term) 1810 1811
51 DeWitt Clinton (3rd term) 1811 1815 Democratic-Republican
52 John Ferguson 1815 1815
53 Jacob Radcliff (2nd term) 1815 1818
54 Cadwallader D. Colden 1818 1821 Federalist
55 Stephen Allen 1821 1824  
56 William Paulding, Jr. (1st term) 1825 1826 Democratic
57 Philip Hone 1826 1827 Whig
58 William Paulding Jr. (2nd term) 1827 1829 Democratic
59 Walter Bowne 1829 1832
60 Gideon Lee 1833 1834
(died in office)

Note

  1. Peter Delanoy was the first and only directly-elected mayor of New York[2] until 1834. Appointed mayors resumed in the wake of Leisler's Rebellion.

Popularly-elected mayors of the unconsolidated city[edit]

Under the Charter of 1834, mayors were elected annually. After 1849, they served two-year terms.

no.[1] Name Starting year of Office Ending year of Office Political Party
61 Cornelius Van Wyck Lawrence 1834 1837 Democratic
62 Aaron Clark 1837 1839 Whig
63 Isaac Varian 1839 1841 Democratic
64 Robert Morris 1841 1844
65 James Harper 1844 1845 American Republican / Know-Nothing
66 William F. Havemeyer (1st term) 1845 1846 Democratic
67 Andrew H. Mickle 1846 1847
68 William Brady 1847 1848 Whig
69 William F. Havemeyer (2nd term) 1848 1849 Democratic
70 Caleb Smith Woodhull 1849 1851 Whig
71 Ambrose Kingsland 1851 1853
72 Jacob Aaron Westervelt 1853 1855 Democratic
73 Fernando Wood (1st term) 1855 1858
74 Daniel F. Tiemann 1858 1860 Coalition (People's Union / American / Democratic)
75 Fernando Wood (2nd term) 1860 1862 Democratic
76 George Opdyke 1862 1864 Republican
77 Charles Godfrey Gunther 1864 1866 Democratic
78 John T. Hoffman 1 1866 1868
Acting Thomas Coman 1 1868 November 30 1869 January 4
79 Abraham Oakey Hall 1869 1872 Republican
80 William F. Havemeyer 2 (3rd term) 1873 1874 November 30 †
Acting Samuel B. H. Vance 2 1874 November 30 1874 December 31
81 William H. Wickham 1875 1876 Democratic
82 Smith Ely, Jr. 1877 1878
83 Edward Cooper 1879 1880
84 William Russell Grace (1st term) 1881 1882 Democratic (anti-Tammany)
85 Franklin Edson 1883 1884 Democratic
86 William Russell Grace (2nd term) 1885 1886 Independent
87 Abram S. Hewitt 1887 1888 Democratic
88 Hugh J. Grant 1889 1892
89 Thomas F. Gilroy 1893 1894
90 William L. Strong 3 1895 1897 Fusion
died in office

Notes

  1. John T. Hoffman resigned after his election as Governor of New York state but before the end of his mayoral term. Thomas Coman, President of the Board of Aldermen, completed Hoffman's term as acting mayor until his elected successor, A. Oakey Hall, took office.
  2. William F. Havemeyer died during his last term of office. Samuel B. H. Vance, President of the Board of Aldermen, completed Havemeyer's term as acting mayor until his elected successor, William H. Wickham, took office.
  3. William L. Strong served an additional year in office because New York City mayoral elections were changed to be held in odd-numbered years due to the impending consolidation of New York City.

Mayors since the 1898 consolidation[edit]

The 1898–1901 term was for four years. The City Charter was changed to make the mayor's term a two-year one beginning in 1902, but after two such terms was changed back to resume four-year terms in 1906. George B. McClellan, Jr. thus served one two-year term from 1904 to 1905, during which he was elected to a four-year term from 1906 to 1909. See New York City mayoral elections#Terms and term limits (since 1834).

The party of the mayor reflects party registration, as opposed to the party lines run under during the general election.

died in office

#[1] Mayor First
Elected
In office Length of
Service
Political Party
91 Robert Anderson Van Wyck.gif
Robert Van Wyck
1897 January 1, 1898 –
December 31, 1901
4 years Democratic
92 Picture of Seth Low.jpg
Seth Low
1901 January 1, 19021
December 31, 1903
2 years Republican / Anti-Tammany Democrats
93 Picture of George B. McClellan, Jr..jpg
George B. McClellan, Jr.
1903 January 1, 1904 –
December 31, 1909
6 years Democratic
94 Portrait of William Jay Gaynor.jpg
William J. Gaynor
1909 January 1, 1910 –
September 10, 19132
3 years,
253 days
Democratic
Acting3 Ardolph Kline close-up.png
Ardolph L. Kline
Acting September 10, 1913 –
December 31, 1913
113 days Republican
95 Portrait of John Purroy Mitchel.jpg
John P. Mitchel
1913 January 1, 1914 –
December 31, 1917
4 years Republican / Anti-Tammany Democrats
96 Hylan.gif
John F. Hylan
1917 January 1, 1918 –
December 30, 1925[3]
8 years Democratic
Acting William T. Collins Acting December 31, 1925[3] 1 day Democratic
97 James Walker NYWTS.jpg
Jimmy Walker
1925 January 1, 1926 –
September 1, 19324
6 years,
244 days
Democratic
Acting5 Mayor Joseph V McKee.jpg
Joseph V. McKee
Acting September 1, 1932 –
December 31, 1932
121 days Democratic
98 John P. O'Brien (1932).gif
John P. O'Brien
1932
special
January 1, 1933 –
December 31, 1933
1 year Democratic
99 Fiorello LaGuardia 140x190.jpg
Fiorello H. La Guardia
1933 January 1, 1934 –
December 31, 1945
12 years Republican, Fusion (1933)[4]

Republican, Fusion, Progressive, American Labor (1937)
Republican, Fusion, Progressive, American Labor (1941)

100 William O'Dwyer.jpg
William O'Dwyer
1945 January 1, 1946 –
August 31, 19506
4 years,
243 days
Democratic
Acting7 Impelliteri and BG crop.jpg
Vincent R. Impellitteri
Acting August 31, 1950 –
November 14, 1950
75 days Democratic
(as acting mayor)
101 1950
special
November 14, 1950 –
December 31, 1953
3 years,
48 days
Independent
(as elected mayor)
102 RobertFWagner.png
Robert F. Wagner, Jr.
1953 January 1, 1954 –
December 31, 1965
12 years Democratic
103 JohnLindsay.png
John Lindsay
1965 January 1, 1966 –
December 31, 1973
8 years Republican /
Liberal
Democratic /
Liberal
104 Abraham D. Beame.jpg
Abraham Beame
1973 January 1, 1974 –
December 31, 1977
4 years Democratic
105 Ed Koch 1978.jpg
Ed Koch
1977 January 1, 1978 –
December 31, 1989
12 years Democratic
106 David dinkins.jpg
David Dinkins
1989 January 1, 1990 –
December 31, 1993
4 years Democratic
107 Rudy Giuliani.jpg
Rudy Giuliani
1993 January 1, 1994 –
December 31, 2001
8 years Republican
108 Michael R Bloomberg.jpg
Michael Bloomberg
2001 January 1, 2002 –
December 31, 2013
12 years Republican
(until 2007)8
Independent
(from 2007)
109 Bill de Blasio NYC.jpg
Bill de Blasio
2013 January 1, 2014 –
Present
2 years, 237 days Democratic
# Mayor First
Elected
Years in office Length of
Service
Political Party

died in office

Notes:

  1. Seth Low previously served as Mayor of the City of Brooklyn from 1882 to 1885.
  2. William Jay Gaynor died September 10, 1913.
  3. Ardolph L. Kline, the unelected President of the Board of Aldermen, succeeded as acting mayor upon William Gaynor's death, but then sought re-election as an alderman (successfully) rather than election as mayor. Kline has thus been the only mayor since 1834 never to win a city-wide election (having been appointed Vice President of the Board of Aldermen by his colleagues and then succeeding to the presidency mid-term, rather than winning it by popular election at large).
  4. James J. "Jimmy" Walker resigned September 1, 1932 and went to Europe, amid allegations of corruption in his administration.
  5. Joseph V. McKee, as President of the Board of Aldermen, became acting mayor in Walker's place, but was then defeated in a special election by John P. O'Brien.
  6. William O'Dwyer resigned August 31, 1950, during a police corruption scandal, after which he was appointed Ambassador to Mexico by President Harry S. Truman.
  7. Vincent R. Impellitteri, President of the New York City Council, became acting mayor when O'Dwyer resigned on August 31, 1950, and was then elected to the office in a special election held on November 7, 1950. He was inaugurated on November 14.
  8. Michael R. Bloomberg was a Democrat before running for mayor.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]