Mayotte chameleon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mayotte chameleon
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Iguania
Family: Chamaeleonidae
Genus: Furcifer
Species: F. polleni
Binomial name
Furcifer polleni
(Peters, 1874)
Furcifer polleni distribution.png
Synonyms
  • Chamaeleon polleni Peters, 1874

Furcifer polleni, also known as the Mayotte chameleon, is a species of chameleon that is endemic to Mayotte in the Comoros Islands. It was first described by Wilhelm Peters in 1874.

Etymology[edit]

The specific name, polleni, is in honor of Dutch naturalist François Pollen.[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Furcifer polleni is endemic to the island of Mayotte, one of the Comoros Islands in the Indian Ocean.[3] It is found over most of the island, an area of 376.5 square kilometres (145.4 square miles). It was introduced by humans onto the Comoran island of Anjouan, where it became established in the town of Hombo.[4] This species is ranked as being of Least Concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and has been found at between 27 and 459 metres (89 and 1,506 feet) above sea level. This species is found in a range of habitats. It is protected by law in Mayotte and is included in Appendix II of the CITES treaty.[1]

In an integrated field study on Mayotte, 35 specimens of Furcifer polleni were found in a range of habitats at altitudes of up to 459 metres (1,506 ft). These included (in approximately equal numbers) pristine forests, degraded woodlands, plantations and scrubby dry vegetation. No individuals were found in mangrove forests but several were found in urban areas. During the ten years starting in 2000, the number of Mayotte chameleons exported from the island was 1,562. This does not seem to have had much influence on the population size and was in contrast to the endemic chameleon species on Grand Comoro, Furcifer cephalolepis, which suffered a much heavier trade. Over 14,000 specimens were exported from there during the same period and this seems to have impacted wild populations. The study concluded that the population of the Mayotte chameleon is stable, and that despite the small area in which it occurs, it is likely to survive due to its ability to live in non-natural habitats.[5]

Description[edit]

The Mayotte chameleon is varying shades of light and dark green in colour.[6]

Taxonomy[edit]

The species was initially described by Wilhelm Peters in 1874 as Chamaeleon polleni. In 1986, it was transferred to genus Furcifer by Charles Klaver & Wolfgang Böhme.[7] It is commonly known as the Mayotte chameleon.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hawlitschek, O. & Glaw, F. (2011). "Furcifer polleni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2012-12-10. 
  2. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Furcifer polleni, p. 209).
  3. ^ "Furcifer polleni | The Reptile Database". Reptile-database.reptarium.cz. Retrieved 2012-11-11. 
  4. ^ "Furcifer polleni - Encyclopedia of Life". Eol.org. Retrieved 2012-11-11. 
  5. ^ Hawlitschek, Oliver; Brückmann, Boris; Berger, Johannes; Green, Katie; Glaw, Frank (2011). "Integrating field surveys and remote sensing data to study distribution, habitat use and conservation status of the herpetofauna of the Comoro Islands". ZooKeys. 144: 21–78. PMC 3233692Freely accessible. PMID 22207785. doi:10.3897/zookeys.144.1648. 
  6. ^ CEST. Furcifer polleni, observed by hcuohc on December 10, 2009". Inaturalist.org. Retrieved 2012-11-11. 
  7. ^ Wolfgang Böhme; Charles J. J. Klaver (1997). Das Tierreich — The Animal Kingdom: A Characterization and Compilation of the Recent Animal Groups. Walter de Gruyter. p. 20. ISBN 978-3-11-015187-9. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  8. ^ "Mayotte Chameleon". eurekalert. Retrieved 11 November 2012.