Mayres-Savel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Mayres-Savel
Commune
The church of Saint-Jean-Baptiste in Mayres, at the start of the 20th century
The church of Saint-Jean-Baptiste in Mayres, at the start of the 20th century
Mayres-Savel is located in France
Mayres-Savel
Mayres-Savel
Location within Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region
Mayres-Savel is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Mayres-Savel
Mayres-Savel
Coordinates: 44°52′31″N 5°43′21″E / 44.8753°N 5.7225°E / 44.8753; 5.7225Coordinates: 44°52′31″N 5°43′21″E / 44.8753°N 5.7225°E / 44.8753; 5.7225
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Isère
Arrondissement Grenoble
Canton Matheysine-Trièves
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Claude Jacolin
Area1 13 km2 (5 sq mi)
Population (2011)2 111
 • Density 8.5/km2 (22/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 38224 /38350
Elevation 484–1,769 m (1,588–5,804 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Mayres-Savel is a commune in the Isère department in southeastern France. Its inhabitants are called Mayrants or Mayrantes in French. It borders the communes of Marcieu to the west, Saint-Arey to the east and Prunières to the north.

The largest alpine pasture in France, which is called Senépy and is at an altitude of 1769m, is within the boundaries of the commune. It hosts a herd of around 1000 cattle.[1] Mayres-Savel is separated from Saint-Arey by a large ravine. At the border with Saint-Arey, but within the borders of the commune of Mayres-Savel is an unusual rock formation called 'La Demoiselle' (which is French for 'The Maiden'). 'Demoiselle coiffée' is a French word for the rock formation called a hoodoo in English.[2]

History[edit]

The Chateau de Savel, at the centre of the eponymous seigneurie ( or fiefdom), was described as a fortified house by Raymond del Sers in a census from 1399 who said "quod dictum castrum non nomiauitur castrum I sed domum fortem" which approximately translates to "as for the castle, it is not called a castle but a fortified house." The Lord of the castle at the time was Lantelme Eynard.[3] The ruins of the Chateau are still within the bounds of Mayre-Savel.[4]

The old bridge across the Drac, the mountain tributary which marked out the limit of the fiefdom, was knocked down in 1720 to isolate the village and protect its inhabitants from the plague.[1]

The commune of Savel was submerged when the Monteynard Dam was built in 1962. To preserve the memory of Savel, its name was incorporated in that of the neighbouring commune of Mayres along with the remaining land from former Savel which was still above water.[1]

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793228—    
1806233+2.2%
1821226−3.0%
1831233+3.1%
1841229−1.7%
1851234+2.2%
1861220−6.0%
1872196−10.9%
1881201+2.6%
1891179−10.9%
1901160−10.6%
1911157−1.9%
1921144−8.3%
1931138−4.2%
1946125−9.4%
1954123−1.6%
1962109−11.4%
196897−11.0%
197578−19.6%
198291+16.7%
1990100+9.9%
1999107+7.0%
200699−7.5%
2011111+12.1%

The evolution of the commune's population has been recorded in censuses since 1793. Since the 1st January 2009, communes with populations less than 10 000 people release census data every 5 years with official data for the years between censuses being estimated by interpolation and extrapolation.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Mayres-savel". Le Monteynard. Archived from the original on 2017-10-28. Retrieved 2017-10-27. 
  2. ^ "LA DEMOISELLE AU FOND DU RAVIN ENTRE MAYRES ET SAINT-AREY". Géologie Patrimonie Matheysine. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. 
  3. ^ Sirot, Élisabeth (2007). Noble et forte maison - L'habitat seigneurial dans les campagnes médiévales du milieu du XIIe au début du XVIe. Éditions Picard. p. 33. ISBN 9782708407701. 
  4. ^ Tasset, Eric (2005). Châteaux forts de l'Isère : Grenoble et le Nord de son arrondissement. Grenoble: éditions de Belledonne. p. 684. ISBN 2911148665. 
  5. ^ "Présentation du recensement de la population | Insee". L’Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques (in French). Archived from the original on 2017-05-10. Retrieved 2017-10-27.