(Directly struck membranophone)
The mazhar (Arabic: مزهر; plural mazāhar, مزاهر) is a large, heavy tambourine used in Arabic music. The mazhar's frame is generally made out of wood. Its single head is considerably thicker than that of the riq, its smaller cousin. Some drums have brass zills that are about 10–13 centimetres (4–5 inches) in diameter; these may be played with a shaking technique.
The Egyptian percussionist Hossam Ramzy is a notable performer of the mazhar.