|Born||22 March 1963|
Small Heath, Birmingham, United Kingdom
|Known for||Undercover exposés in character as 'The Fake Sheikh'|
|Criminal charge(s)||Conspiracy to pervert the course of justice|
|Criminal penalty||15 months imprisonment|
Mazher Mahmood (born 22 March 1963) is an undercover British journalist who was convicted of conspiracy to pervert the course of justice. Before his conviction, he worked mainly for the tabloid press. He spent 20 years working for the News of the World and the Sunday Times, during which time he was responsible for numerous investigations, including a reputed 94 that led to convictions. He won Reporter of the Year in 2011, as well as Scoop of the Year and the Sports Journalists' Association award, for an investigation of cricket match-fixing. Later, from its foundation in 2012, he worked for the Sun on Sunday, successor to the News of the World.
Mahmood became known popularly as the "fake sheikh" because he often posed as a sheikh during the course of his investigations. In addition to numerous highly regarded public-interest investigations, he attracted allegations of breaking the law without any clear public-interest justification, including several episodes in which he was accused of entrapment.
In July 2014, Mahmood was suspended from the Sun on Sunday after a trial collapsed against former X Factor judge and singer Tulisa, with concerns voiced by a judge that Mahmood might have perjured himself. In October 2016, Mahmood was jailed for 15 months after being found guilty of conspiring to pervert the course of justice.
Background and career
Mahmood first gained employment as a journalist at the age of 18, exposing family friends who sold pirate videos. This gained him two weeks' work at the News of the World, after which he started freelancing at the Sunday People. In 1984, while trying with fellow journalist Roger Insall to expose a vice-ring at the Metropole Hotel at the National Exhibition Centre, Birmingham, according to Mahmood, he first used the sheikh disguise when inviting prostitutes to a hotel room.
Mahmood then worked for the Sunday Times, which he joined in 1989. A managing editor at that time, Roy Greenslade, later alleged that Mahmood was dismissed for trying to cover up a mistake. Mahmood has consistently disputed Greenslade's version of events. Mahmood then briefly worked as a producer on David Frost's TV-am programme, before joining the News of the World in 1991.
Mahmood maintains high levels of secrecy, and said he rarely visited the News International offices. It is said that written into his contract was a clause stating that his photograph would not be published. When featured in images that accompany his stories, he has been represented with a silhouette next to his byline. Despite these efforts, several news organisations have published photos of him, including BBC News, the Guardian and the Norwegian tabloid Dagbladet.
In September 2008, he wrote a book entitled Confessions of a Fake Sheik – The King of the Sting Reveals All.
In addition to his "Fake Sheikh" persona, Mahmood has used the identity of businessman Sam Fernando. He is reputed to be accompanied on occasions by a bodyguard, said to be his second cousin Mahmood Qureshi, who has posed as businessman Pervaiz Khan. Conrad Brown, the son of former NoW reporter Gerry Brown, operated the concealed video cameras and microphones.
On 30 March 2006, Respect party politician George Galloway said that Mahmood, using his "fake sheikh" disguise and working for the News of the World, attempted to trap him in a sting operation at a meeting in the Dorchester Hotel with businessmen from the Middle East. Galloway said he had put off the meeting for several weeks and was suspicious from the beginning. Of the men, he wrote on his website that "neither of the two looked at all like an Islamist (which is what they later claimed to be); neither had a beard".
Galloway said that Mahmood tried but failed to implicate him in illegal party funding, and to agree with antisemitic statements. The News of the World admitted their journalist had been present, but asserted that he had been involved in "wholly legitimate inquiries." Mahmood himself denied the use of antisemitic comments. Media commentator Roy Greenslade accused Mahmood and the News of the World, in its use of "subterfuge", of adopting practices which "debase journalism."
Galloway wrote to Ian Blair, the Metropolitan Police commissioner and Michael Martin, the Speaker of the House of Commons about the incident. He also released photographs of Mahmood on the internet, distributed the images to other MPs and the royal family, and revealed other aspects of Mahmood's activities. The News of the World lost a High Court action to prevent publication of photographs of Mahmood.
Other politicians featured in Mahmood's investigations included David Mellor, the former Secretary of State for National Heritage, who had resigned following an affair and the revelation of the unwise acceptance of the gift of a holiday, and Environment Minister Tim Yeo who was revealed to have fathered a child outside his marriage.
Mahmood won the "Reporter of the Year" award in 1999 for his exposé of Newcastle United bosses Freddy Shepherd and Douglas Hall, who mocked fans and branded Geordie women "dogs" after taking Mahmood, posing as the sheikh, to a brothel in Marbella.
Footballer John Fashanu was exposed for alleged match-fixing. Fashanu offered to fix matches for Mahmood and took a cash deposit. Fashanu claimed that he knew about the sting all along and was only appearing to be corrupt so as to gather evidence for the police.
In January 2006, Mahmood met England head coach Sven-Göran Eriksson, posing as a businessman interested in opening a sports academy. Eriksson, however, asked him to take over Aston Villa FC, and said that he intended to leave England after the World Cup to become Aston Villa manager, and that he would approach David Beckham from Real Madrid to become captain. On 23 January, the Football Association announced that Eriksson would leave his job after the 2006 FIFA World Cup, and it was thought that the News of the World allegations played a part in this decision. This was later denied by both parties, with Eriksson explaining that there was a prior arrangement to terminate his contract immediately after the World Cup. In 2016 Eriksson was reported to be suing Mahmood for having cost him his job.[needs update]
In May 2010, Mahmood exposed snooker player John Higgins and his agent Pat Mooney for apparently agreeing to fix the outcome of future individual frames which would not necessarily alter the course of a match. Meeting in a hotel room in Kiev, Ukraine, on the morning of Friday 30 April, where Higgins and his manager had travelled after his exit from the 2010 World Championship, to ostensibly meet the undercover News of the World team the newspaper described as men posing as businessmen interested in organising a series of events linked to the World Series of Snooker. On video, Higgins and Mooney discussed how to throw frames. On the publication of the story on Sunday 2 May, Barry Hearn, Chairman of the WPBSA, immediately suspended Higgins from WPBSA tournaments, promising a full investigation, saying: "Those responsible, if proved, will be dealt with in a very harsh and brutal way. People have a right to see pure sport – that's what I want snooker to be." Mooney resigned from his post as director of the WPBSA and was later banned from snooker management for life, following an investigation and judgement, which also resulted in John Higgins being given a ban and large fine. Explaining that "it is not enough to just have integrity in such a position, you must also be seen to have integrity", he explained further that "this was not possible given the manner in which this allegation has been reported". Higgins subsequently issued a statement denying he had ever been involved in match fixing, and said of the meeting, "I didn't know if this was the Russian mafia or who we were dealing with. At that stage I felt the best course of action was just to play along with these guys and get out of Russia." Mooney also said "we were genuinely in fear for our safety".
Pakistan cricket spot-fixing controversy
Mahmood's name came under the limelight once again when, in August 2010, he posed as an Indian businessman to expose the cricket bookie Mazhar Majeed who claimed Pakistani cricketers Mohammad Amir, Mohammad Asif, Salman Butt and Kamran Akmal had committed spot-fixing during Pakistan's 2010 tour of England; the team was accused of deliberately bowling three no-balls, in an incident that veteran Richie Benaud described as the most distressing revelation in his 52 years of watching cricket.
In September 2004, he posed as a Muslim extremist to "expose" three men who were trying to buy radioactive material for a suspected Muslim terrorist group seeking to carry out attacks in the United Kingdom. However, the men were later found not guilty following a trial at the Old Bailey, with the judge criticising the News of the World for not checking the credibility of the story.
Mahmood reported the revelations that actor John Alford was supplying cocaine, for which he was imprisoned. Alford claimed entrapment and demanded Mahmood's arrest. The trial judge observed that "entrapment had clearly played a significant part in what he did, but greed had also been a major factor." However, when Alford appealed to the High Court and the European Court of Human Rights, the appeals were rejected.
Mahmood's methods have often been criticised. In addition to Greenslade's criticisms, politician George Galloway also sought to challenge him, while some lawyers have complained that Mahmood has sometimes broken the law without clear public interest justification.
In 1999, after a Mahmood investigation exposed the Earl of Hardwicke and another man as drug dealers, the jury sent a note to the judge explaining that they had reached their decision to convict the two men with great reluctance. They said that they would have acquitted the defendants if the law had enabled them to take into account Mahmood's "extreme provocation" of them to sell him cocaine. The judge agreed and passed suspended sentences.
Plot to kidnap Victoria Beckham
In 2003, Mahmood was responsible for reporting an alleged plot to kidnap Victoria Beckham to the police. The subsequent trial collapsed after it emerged that Mahmood's main informant, Florim Gashi, had been paid £10,000 and could not be considered a reliable witness, and was later deported from the UK. Judge Simon Smith referred the News of the World's role in the affair to the Attorney General. One of the men involved later sued the News of the World for libel and won. The paper issued an apology and paid libel costs.
In 2004, Mahmood led an investigation into exposing the creation of a dirty bomb, through the supply of the fictitious substance red mercury, to three men from a supposed terrorist group. Mahmood was registered as an informant for the Metropolitan Police Anti-Terrorist Branch during the story, which led to a criminal case prosecution by the Crown Prosecution Service. The case, signed off by the Attorney General, collapsed in July 2006.
Jeremy Dein QC, for the defence, accused Mahmood of active duplicity in some stories. To support this position, he called a former Mahmood associate, Florim Gashi, who told the court he helped the reporter "make up stories for his newspaper".
Judge Alistair McCreath told Southwark Crown Court that he thought the prosecution witness Mazher Mahmood had lied in giving evidence. Explaining his decision to halt the trial, Judge McCreath said:
- "Where there has been some aspect of the investigation or prosecution of a crime which is tainted in some way by serious misconduct to the point that the integrity of the court would be compromised by allowing the trial to go ahead, in that sense the court would be seen to be sanctioning or colluding in that sort of behaviour, then the court has no alternative but to say, 'This case must go no further'."
The Sun on Sunday announced that Mahmood had been suspended. Mahmood had posed as a film producer, offering Contostavlos a £3.5-million deal to star in a Bollywood/Hollywood film about a girl from the ghetto trying to become an R&B star. Mahmood went to extreme lengths to entrap Contostavlos.
After Mahmood was charged, the Crown Prosecution Service announced its intention to review more than 30 criminal trials in which he had given evidence. On 21 October 2016, Mahmood was jailed for 15 months after being found guilty of evidence tampering.
Mahmood was the subject of BBC television Panorama investigation. The Fake Sheikh Exposed, broadcast on 12 November 2014, was presented by John Sweeney and produced by Meirion Jones and Owen Phillips. The programme aired despite legal efforts by Mahmood to prevent recent pictures of himself being shown, and a request from the Attorney General to stop the broadcast. The programme included allegations that Mahmood's methods included payments to third parties who procured the drugs that his targets would later be exposed as supplying, and that he made offers of scarcely believable career opportunities to targets with no recent history of drug misuse, who were then pressured to obtain him cocaine.
The programme also included unseen footage of Mahmood rehearsing with a known drug dealer for the entrapment of former Page 3 model Emma Morgan. Referring to Judge McCreath's comments, a former Attorney General Lord Goldsmith said: "The fact that somebody who has been accused by a judge of apparently of not telling the truth may be instrumental in those convictions would certainly be a reason to look at those convictions again and to examine them to see whether they are safe."
The programme also revisited the collapse of the Victoria Beckham kidnap plot, re-interviewing witness Florim Gashi, who worked with Mazher Mahmood on several occasions and who was on the payroll of the News of the World. Gashi claimed Mazher Mahmood was complicit with him in inventing the kidnapping plot. The collapse of the case was so troubling to the presiding judge that it was referred to the then Attorney General Lord Goldsmith who stated, "If a trial collapses, and it collapses because of the alleged wrong doing of a witness, that's a real issue for me". After taking legal advice on whether criminal charges could be made, Lord Goldsmith stated: "I have explored every possible avenue for dealing with this, what I saw was a very unsatisfactory state of affairs, and each avenue had turned out to be a blank".
Investigation and conviction for conspiracy to pervert the course of justice
On 4 December 2014, the Crown Prosecution Service investigated 25 cases where Mahmood gave evidence. On 29 September 2015, it announced that Mahmood and his former driver Alan Smith had been charged with conspiracy to pervert the course of justice. The offences concern evidence given in the trial of R&B singer-songwriter Tulisa Contostavlos. The pair appeared at Westminster Magistrates' Court. on 20 November 2015. Following a trial at the Old Bailey, Mahmood and Smith were found guilty of conspiring and intending to pervert the course of justice. On 21 October 2016, Mahmoud was sentenced to 15 months and Smith received a suspended sentence of 12 months.
Mahmood has won various newspaper awards, including British Press Awards "Reporter of the Year" 1999 for his exposé of Newcastle United directors. At the awards ceremony, a figure dressed as a sheikh collected the award, and then revealed himself to be Kelvin MacKenzie, former editor of The Sun.
Mahmood won Reporter of the Year again in 2011, as well as Scoop of the Year, for an investigation of cricket match-fixing. He also won the Sports Journalists' Association award in 2011 for the same story.
- "Leveson Inquiry: Tabloid journalists defend paper". BBC News. 12 November 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
Giving evidence at the inquiry, Mr Mahmood said his work had led to more than 260 "successful criminal prosecutions". The journalist said he had written about 500 stories for the NoW and "a small fraction" involved celebrities, but they "never entrapped people".
- Mahmood, Mazher (2008). Confessions of a Fake Sheik: "The King of the Sting" Reveals All. London: Harper Collins. ISBN 978-0-00-728810-6 – via Google Books.
- Burrell, Ian (21 August 2012). "Fake Sheikh's editor fails to find evidence for his grand claim to Leveson". The Independent. ESI Media. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- "R v JOHN JAMES SHANNON (AKA JOHN JAMES ALFORD) (2000)". London Criminal Courts Solicitors' Association. 14 September 2000.
- "'Fake Sheikh' Mazher Mahmood guilty over Tulisa case". BBC News. 5 October 2016. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
- "'Fake Sheikh' Mazher Mahmood jailed over Tulisa case". BBC News. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- Burden, Peter (2009). News Of The World Fake Sheikhs And Royal Trappings. Eye Books. ISBN 978-1-903070-72-7.
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- Pfanner, Eric (16 April 2006). "Exposé backfires on 'fake sheik' of tabloids". New York Times. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
Greenslade, Roy (14 December 2011). "The real reason that Mazher Mahmood left the Sunday Times under a cloud". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
When Mahmood resigned, he was on the verge of being dismissed for an act regarded within the office as gross impropriety. The facts of the matter were not, and are not, in any doubt. The documentary evidence - which I have - is quite clear.
- "Reporter's string of scoops". BBC News. 15 January 2006. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- "MP Galloway 'exposes fake sheikh'". BBC News. 7 April 2006. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
Walker, Peter; Collier, Hatty (21 July 2014). "Tulisa Contostavlos trial collapses over Mazher Mahmood's evidence". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
Judge says case cannot go on because of belief that 'fake sheikh' had lied at pre-trial hearing
- Kvam, Lars Hojem (21 June 2010). "Skandalemakeren" [Scandal Maker]. Dagbladet (in Norwegian). Aller Media. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- Greenslade, Roy (16 April 2006). "Why I am out to nail Mazher Mahmood". The Independent on Sunday. ESI Media. Archived from the original on 10 August 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
- "Obsolete: The fake Sheikh exposed: Mazher Mahmood and the Dirty Digger foiled by Galloway". Obsolete. Septicisle.info. 30 March 2006. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
- "The dirty digger". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. 8 June 2003. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- "Palace denies reports of Sophie insults". BBC News. 2 April 2001. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- Brown, Jonathan (6 September 2005). "The fake sheikh and his greatest hits". The Independent. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- Mahmood, Mazher (23 May 2010). "Duchess of York Sarah Ferguson plots to sell access to Prince Andrew". News of the World. News International. Archived from the original on 11 August 2010. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- Roberts, Alison (1 April 2006). "The Fake Sheikh v Gorgeous George". The Independent on Sunday. Independent News & Media. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- Silver, James (17 April 2006). "What the NoW didn't say in court". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
- Ryan, Nick (25 February 2007). "A rebel's yell". South China Morning Post. Kerry Media. Archived from the original on 24 January 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- Plunkett, John (29 March 2006). "Galloway threatens to expose 'fake sheikh'". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
- Cole, Peter; Harcup, Tony (2010). Newspaper Journalism. London: Sage Publications. p. 147. ISBN 978-1-4129-3120-5 – via Google Books.
- Brook, Stephen (4 April 2006). "Galloway circulates pictures of 'fake sheikh'". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
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- Gibson, Owen (7 April 2006). "Paper drops appeal to keep anonymity of undercover reporter". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 21 August 2008.
- Thomas, Graham P (1998). Prime Minister and Cabinet Today. Manchester: Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0719039515.
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Brown, Jonathan (3 June 2003). "The award-winning 'fake sheikh' who terrifies the rich and famous". The Independent. ESI Media. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
In 1999, he won the prize for reporter of the year at the British Press Awards for his exposé of Newcastle United Football Club directors Freddie Shepherd and Doug Hall. Slurping the champagne supplied by Mr Mahmood, they called Geordie women "dogs" and crowed about how much money could be made from selling replica kits to their gullible football fans. On that occasion, Mr Mahmood was pretending to be a rich Arab. The "fake sheikh" is his favourite disguise, and appears to have worked with remarkable consistency.
Kelso, Paul (28 July 2003). "Fashanu denies new match-fixing story after investigator claims latest sting". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
Yesterday Fashanu retaliated against the paper, claiming he had gone along with the sting because he knew he was being set up, exaggerating his influence and accepting the £5,000 in order to provide the police with evidence.
"Eriksson to quit after world cup". BBC Sport. 23 March 2006. Retrieved 7 July 2007.
Eriksson has come under increasing pressure following an interview with an undercover reporter from the News of the World. The latest reports, published on Sunday, quoted him as saying that some unnamed managers "put money in their pocket" when involved in transfer deals.
- "Sven-Goran Eriksson plans to sue over 'Fake Sheikh' sting that 'cost biggest job of my life'". The Telegraph. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
"Snooker champion John Higgins in 'bribe' allegation". BBC News. 2 May 2010. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
Snooker world number one John Higgins has reportedly agreed to take a £261,000 bribe to lose frames in four separate matches later this year.
Middleton, Dave (2 May 2010). "John Higgins: 'My conscience is 100% clear' after bribery allegations". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
Can I say that I have never been involved in any form of snooker match-fixing. In my 18 years playing professional snooker I have never deliberately missed a shot, never mind intentionally lost a frame or a match.
"John Higgins suspended in snooker bribe probe". BBC News. 2 May 2010. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
World number one John Higgins has been suspended from all future tournaments after reportedly agreeing to take a £261,000 bribe to lose frames. World Snooker chairman Barry Hearn said he had to take "drastic action" following the News of the World report.
Benaud, Richie (28 August 2010). "Sad day for my game". News of the World. News International. Archived from the original on 2 September 2010. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
In 52 years of being involved in cricket, nothing has distressed me more than the revelations in today's News of the World.
- Summers, Chris (25 July 2006). "Is this the end for 'fake sheikh'?". BBC News. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
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- "Beckham 'kidnap' man loses case". BBC News. 4 May 2005. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- Brook, Stephen (14 February 2007). "NoW apologises in Beckham case". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- " Greenslade, Roy (21 July 2014). "What the judge said in collapsing the Tulisa trial". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
Walker, Peter; Collier, Hatty (22 July 2014). "Mazher Mahmood could face perjury investigation after Tulisa trial collapse". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
Police and prosecutors are discussing whether any legal action could follow the collapse of the trial of singer Tulisa Contostavlos, which was abandoned after the judge ruled that the Sun on Sunday's veteran investigative reporter Mazher Mahmood was likely to have lied about talking to another witness about changing their evidence.
- Burrell, Ian (24 July 2014). "Tulisa Contostavlos drugs trial collapse - CPS to investigate Fake Sheikh's credibility as witness". The Independent. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
"Panorama". Radio Times. Immediate Media Company. 12 November 2014. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
For decades, undercover reporter Mazher Mahmood wrote exposés in the Sun and the News of the World, posing as the `Fake Sheikh'. But in July the drugs trial of pop star Tulisa Contostavlos collapsed when the judge ruled that the reporter has seemingly lied on oath. Now, Panorama's John Sweeney looks further into the reporter's methods.
Conlan, Tara (13 November 2014). "Delayed Panorama exposé of 'fake sheikh' to go on air tonight". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
Panorama’s postponed exposé of Sun on Sunday journalist Mazher Mahmood is set to air on Wednesday evening at 7.30pm. The BBC has confirmed that the programme, Fake Sheikh: Exposed, that was pulled at the eleventh hour on Monday night has been cleared for transmission.
- Burrell, Ian (12 November 2014). "Fake Sheikh Mazher Mahmood: Lord Goldsmith calls for review of convictions as undercover reporter is exposed". The Independent. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- "'Fake Sheikh': Prosecutors contact historical defendants". BBC News. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- "'Fake Sheikh' Mazher Mahmood charged over Tulisa trial". BBC News. 29 September 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- "'Fake sheikh' Mazher Mahmood appears in court". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Press Association. 20 November 2015. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "'Fake Sheikh' Mazher Mahmood 'plotted to change Tulisa evidence'". BBC News. 21 September 2016. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
- Davies, Caroline (21 October 2016). "Mazher Mahmood: 'Fake Sheikh' jailed for 15 months". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- "Winners honoured at British Muslim Awards". Asian Image. Newsquest Media Group. 31 January 2013. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- Mazher Mahmood collected news and commentary at The Guardian
- Mazher Mahmood We catch 2 bus loads of Illegal Immigrants News of the World: Archived Tabloid Stories, 28 May 2006 - Mazher Mahmood activity against illegal immigrants
- Obsolete ordered to remove photo of Mahzer Mahmood by court injunction, courtesy of Farrer & Co Obsolete, 5 April 2006 -Copy of the legal injunction sent to a blog owner in the UK]barring the publication of Mahmood's picture