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The former Château Mercier, now town hall of Mazingarbe
The former Château Mercier, now town hall of Mazingarbe
Coat of arms of Mazingarbe
Coat of arms
Location of Mazingarbe
Mazingarbe is located in France
Mazingarbe is located in Hauts-de-France
Coordinates: 50°28′26″N 2°43′09″E / 50.4739°N 2.7192°E / 50.4739; 2.7192Coordinates: 50°28′26″N 2°43′09″E / 50.4739°N 2.7192°E / 50.4739; 2.7192
IntercommunalityCA Lens-Liévin
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Bernard Urbaniak
10.27 km2 (3.97 sq mi)
 • Density780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
62563 /62670
Elevation26–74 m (85–243 ft)
(avg. 33 m or 108 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
Panorama of Mazingarbe: road to Lens with a slag heap in the background

Mazingarbe is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.


The village was known as Masengarba in 1046, Masengarbe in 1232 and Mazengarbe in 1558.
Mazingarbe’s first inhabitants, as far as can be ascertained, were Neolithic farmers who grew grain and raised sheep, pigs and oxen. Many flint tools have been found dating from this period. Other archaeological excavations have unearthed pottery, clay tiles, tools, jewelry and bones, evidence of occupation of the site at the beginning of the first millennium of a Gallo-Roman villa at a place called Le Marais Bray.

In 1046 the village was mentioned as the villa Mazengarba confirmed as a possession of the abbey of Marchiennes. The estate and its lands remained the property of the church until the French Revolution. Under the Ancien Régime, the population was predominantly agricultural. Like most towns and villages of the Artois, Mazingarbe had suffered the ravages of invasions, wars and looting, epidemics of plague, fires and harsh winters. In 1790, there were 328 inhabitants. The records of Croÿ, dating from the early 17th century, show Mazingarbe at that time as a modest little village gathered around a church.

Mazingarbe was home to fewer than 800 people before the opening by the Compagnie des mines de Béthune, in 1859, of the first coal mine, No. 2. Pits No. 6 (1876) and No. 7 (1877) followed later. The population grew at the same speed as industry, the city hosting several waves of immigrant workers, first Belgians and Italians and then later mostly Polish. The creation of a treatment plant and coal processing plant in 1896, which later became a large chemical complex, significantly enhanced the town. Mazingarbe suffered heavy damage during the First World War. The battlefront was only two kilometres away at Vermelles. The Second World War did not spare the town either. An Allied aerial bombardment of the factories and mines, in September 1943, claimed 27 civilian victims.


Mazingarbe is located 3 miles (4.8 km) northwest of Lens, at the junction of the D176 and the D75 roads. The A26 motorway passes through the commune.


Population history
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
9300 10060 8992 8114 7829 7470 7564
Census count starting from 1962: Population without duplicates

Places of interest[edit]

  • The church of St.Rictrude, dating from the nineteenth century.
  • The nineteenth-century Château Mercier, now the Mairie (Town Hall).
  • The war memorial.
  • Two chapels.
  • The Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemeteries.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.

External links[edit]