Mazowe Dam

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Mazowe Dam
Mazowe Dam is located in Zimbabwe
Mazowe Dam
Location of Mazowe Dam
Country Zimbabwe
Location Harare, Zimbabwe
Coordinates 17°31′18″S 30°59′19″E / 17.52167°S 30.98861°E / -17.52167; 30.98861Coordinates: 17°31′18″S 30°59′19″E / 17.52167°S 30.98861°E / -17.52167; 30.98861
Purpose Irrigation
Status Open
Opening date 1920 (1920)

The Mazoe Dam (or Mazowe Dam) is a dam on the Mazowe River in Zimbabwe, in the Iron Mask Hills about 35 kilometres (22 mi) north of Harare. Constructed in 1920, it was built mainly to provide irrigation for the Mazoe citrus estates.[1] The dam was also home to the Hunyani Rowing Club and formerly provided facilities for St. Georges, Prince Edward, Arundel and other rowing clubs. It is the only major dam on the Mazowe River.[2]

The concrete dam was built by the British civil contractor Pauling & Co. and was raised by 3 metres (9.8 ft) in 1961 by drilling into the foundation rock and installing post-tensioned tendons into the concrete. It is 37 metres (121 ft) high and 163 metres (535 ft) long, with overflow spillways on either side. It can hold 35 million cu m of water and has a surface area of 445 ha when full.[1] However, prolonged drought in the first two decades of the 21st century has left the dam virtually empty, badly damaging local agricultural production. It had previously almost dried up in the droughts of 1984-85 and again in 1996, but even after the breaking of the most recent drought the dam has remained empty.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Encyclopedia Zimbabwe (2nd ed.). Worcester: Arlington Business Corporation. 1989. ISBN 0-9514505-0-6. 
  2. ^ Matiza, T.; Crafter, S. A. (1994). Wetlands Ecology and Priorities for Conservation in Zimbabwe: Proceedings of a Seminar on Wetlands Ecology and Priorities for Conservation in Zimbabwe, Harare Kentucky Airport Hotel, 13-15 January, 1992. IUCN. p. 69. ISBN 978-2-8317-0202-5. 
  3. ^ "Mazowe Dam Almost Dry". The Herald. allafrica.com. 18 November 2004. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  4. ^ Downing, Thomas E. (2013). Climate Change and World Food Security. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 476. ISBN 978-3-642-61086-8.