Mazur–Ulam theorem

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In mathematics, the Mazur–Ulam theorem states that if V and W are normed spaces over R and the mapping

f\colon V\to W

is a surjective isometry, then f is affine.


  • Richard J. Fleming; James E. Jamison (2003). Isometries on Banach Spaces: Function Spaces. CRC Press. p. 6. ISBN 1-58488-040-6. 
  • Stanisław Mazur; Stanisław Ulam (1932). "Sur les transformationes isométriques d’espaces vectoriels normés". C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 194: 946–948. 

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