District location in Uganda
|• Total||1,846.4 km2 (712.9 sq mi)|
|• Land||1,778.4 km2 (686.6 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,800 m (5,900 ft)|
|Population (2012 Estimate)|
|• Density||250.6/km2 (649/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Mbarara District is bordered by Ibanda District to the north, Kiruhura District to the east, Isingiro District to the southeast, Ntungamo District to the southwest, Sheema District to the west and Buhweju District to the northwest. The district headquarters at Mbarara, the largest city in the sub-region, are located approximately 290 kilometres (180 mi), by road, southwest of Kampala, Uganda's capital city, and largest metropolitan area. The coordinates of the district are:00 36S, 30 36E.
Mbarara District is part of the Ankole sub-region. The districts that comprise Ankole include: (a) Buhweju District (b) Bushenyi District (c) Ibanda District (d) Isingiro District (e) Kiruhura District (f) Mbarara District (g) Mitooma District (h) Ntungamo District (i) Rubirizi District (j) Sheema District.
The area covered by the above districts constituted the traditional Ankole Kingdom. In 1967, Milton Obote abolished the traditional kingdoms in Uganda. When Yoweri Museveni re-established them in 1993, Ankole did not re-constitute itself.
Mbarara district consists of one municipality (Mbarara Municipality), and nineteen rural sub-counties, organized into two counties. Mbarara District covers a land area of 1,778.4 square kilometres (686.6 sq mi), with an average elevation of about 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) above sea level. The district receives an average annual rainfall of 1,200 millimetres (47 in). Temperatures range between 17 °C (63 °F) and 30 °C (86 °F).
The district is subdivided into one municipal council, Mbarara Municipality, and 19 sub-counties, namely: 1. Kashari 2. Bubaare 3. Bukiro 4. Kagongi 5. Kakiika 6. Kashare 7. Rubaya 8. Rubindi 9. Rwanyamahembe 10. Biharwe 11. Kakoba 12. Kamukuzi 13. Nyamitanga 14. Rwampara 15. Bugamba 16. Mwizi 17. Ndaija 18. Nyakayojo 19. Rugando.
In 1991, the national census put the population of the district at about 267,500. The 2002 national census estimated the district population at about 361,500, with an estimated growth rate of about 2.2%. Of these, 51% were female and 49% were male. 55% of the district population are aged between 0 and 18 years. In 2012, the district population was estimated at approximately 445,600.
As is the case with the majority of Ugandan districts, agriculture is the mainstay of the economy of Mbarara District. Both crops and livestock are raised in the district, primarily on a subsistence level, but several commercial farms are located in the district. Crops grown include:
The livestock raised in the district includes:
Mbarara Districts is one of the districts with a high HIV/AIDS prevalence. Studies carried out in 2013 found at one location in the town of Mbarara, prevalence rates of 9% among males, 31% among females (an average of 16%) were documented. The national prevalence rat or Uganda is about 6.5%, as of May 2014. The University of Calgary, in collaboration with Mbarara University School of Medicine and the British Council, have implemented a program called "Development Partnerships in Higher Education" (DelPHE), to address the high child mortality in the district.
- Uganda District Map
- "Road Distance Between Kampala And Mbarara With Map". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- "Estimated Population of Mbarara District In 1991, 2002 and 2012". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Taremwa, Alex (1 December 2013). "Mbarara Among 13 High HIV Risk Districts - Research". Daily Monitor. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- Kebirungi, Mabel. "DelPHE Leading the Fight Against Child Mortality In Mbarara". The British Council (Uganda Office). Retrieved 21 May 2014.