Main mass near Mbeya, Tanzania
|Composition||Meteoric iron (8 % Ni), Silicate inclusions|
|TKW||16 metric tons (16 long tons; 18 short tons)|
|Alternative names||Kimwondo (local name), Mbosi (alternative spelling)|
Mbozi is an ungrouped iron meteorite found in Tanzania. It is one of the world's largest meteorites, variously estimated as the fourth largest to the eighth largest, it is located near the city of Mbeya in Tanzania's southern highlands. The meteorite is 3 metres (9.8 ft) long, 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) high, and weighs an estimated 16 metric tons (16 long tons; 18 short tons).
Discovery and naming
Mbozi has been long known to locals, who call it kimondo, yet became known to outsiders only in the 1930s. It is named after Mbozi District, in Mbeya (Tanzania). When it was discovered by scientists in 1930 it didn't have a crater.
Mbozi consists of meteoric iron with small silicate inclusions. The meteoric iron has a nickel concentration of 8 % and shows Widmanstätten pattern. The Germanium-Gallium ratio is larger than 10, which can also be seen in meteorites of the IIF iron meteorite group and the Eagle station pallasites.
Currently classified as an ungrouped Iron meteorite Mbozi shows similarities with IIF iron meteorites, the Eagle station pallasites and a few other ungrouped iron meteorite (e.g. Bocaiuva meteorite).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mbozi meteorite.|
- "Mbosi". Meteoritical Society. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- Seven Most Massive Single Meteorite Fragments on Earth
- OLSEN, Edward J.; CLAYTON, Robert N.; MAYEDA, Toshiko K.; DAVIS, Andrew M.; CLARKE, Roy S.; WASSON, John T. (1 September 1996). "Mbosi: An anomalous iron with unique silicate inclusions". Meteoritics & Planetary Science. 31 (5): 633–639. doi:10.1111/j.1945-5100.1996.tb02036.x.