Mbukushu language

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Native toNamibia, Angola, Botswana, Zambia
RegionOkavango River
Native speakers
49,710 (2018)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3mhw
K.333 [3][4]

Mbukushu or Thimbukushu is a Bantu language spoken by 45,000 people along the Okavango River in Namibia, where it is a national language and in Botswana, Angola and Zambia.

Mbukushu is one of several Bantu languages of the Okavango which have click consonants. Mbukushu has three: tenuis c, voiced gc, and nasalized nc, as well as prenasalized ngc, which vary between speakers as dental, palatal, and postalveolar (The Bantu Languages, 2003:37). It also has a nasal glottal approximant.


  1. ^ "Mbukushu". Ethnologue. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mbukushu". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Simons, Gary F. and Charles D. Fennig (eds.). 2018. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Twenty-first edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com.
  4. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online

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