McColl, South Carolina

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McColl, South Carolina
Town
Location of McColl in South Carolina
Location of McColl in South Carolina
Coordinates: 34°40′0″N 79°32′41″W / 34.66667°N 79.54472°W / 34.66667; -79.54472Coordinates: 34°40′0″N 79°32′41″W / 34.66667°N 79.54472°W / 34.66667; -79.54472
Country United States
State South Carolina
County Marlboro
Area
 • Total 1.1 sq mi (2.7 km2)
 • Land 1.1 sq mi (2.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 184 ft (56 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 2,498
 • Density 2,357/sq mi (909.9/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 29570
Area code(s) 843
FIPS code 45-43630[1]
GNIS feature ID 1253478[2]

McColl is a town in Marlboro County, in the Pee Dee area of South Carolina, United States, located within 1.5 miles of the border with North Carolina. The population was 2,498 at the 2000 census.

Based here are two state-recognized tribes of Pee Dee people, descended from the historic people who occupied the area at the time of English colonization. These are the Marlboro, Chesterfield, Darlington County Pee Dee Indian Tribe, recognized in 2005, and the Pee Dee Tribe of South Carolina, recognized in 2006.[3]

History[edit]

This area is within territory occupied by the Pee Dee culture of the South Appalachian Mississippian culture for several hundred years. Among their earthwork monuments is Town Creek Indian Mound, an important regional ceremonial site that was occupied from about 1150 to 1400 CE in Montgomery County, North Carolina, before they abandoned it for unknown reasons.[4] It was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1966, the only American Indian site so honored in the state.[5]

Their descendants formed the historic Pee Dee tribe known to Anglo-Europeans at the time of contact and colonization. In the 21st century, several Pee Dee tribes are recognized by the state of South Carolina, and two independent groups are based in McColl.

Some of this area was developed for the cultivation of short-staple cotton in the antebellum era after the invention of the cotton gin. The area was also a center of lumbering and turpentine production in the early 20th century.

The town was named for D. D. McColl, a businessperson.[6]

Geography[edit]

McColl is located at 34°40′0″N 79°32′41″W / 34.66667°N 79.54472°W / 34.66667; -79.54472 (34.666789, -79.544671).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,311
1910 1,628 24.2%
1920 2,129 30.8%
1930 1,657 −22.2%
1940 2,391 44.3%
1950 2,688 12.4%
1960 2,479 −7.8%
1970 2,524 1.8%
1980 2,677 6.1%
1990 2,685 0.3%
2000 2,498 −7.0%
2010 2,174 −13.0%
Est. 2016 2,040 [8] −6.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,498 people, 981 households, and 669 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,357.8 people per square mile (909.9/km²). There were 1,090 housing units at an average density of 1,028.8 per square mile (397.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 65.57% White, 19.22% African American, 12.69% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.56% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.48% of the population.

Among the Native Americans are two tribes of Pee Dee people: the Pee Dee Tribe of South Carolina, recognized by the state in 2006, and the Marlboro, Chesterfield, Darlington County Pee Dee Indian Tribe, recognized in 2005.[3]

View of downtown McColl, South Carolina

There were 981 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 21.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the town, the population was spread out with 28.2% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $22,015, and the median income for a family was $27,460. Males had a median income of $26,313 versus $18,854 for females. The per capita income for the town was $10,177. About 28.5% of families and 31.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.7% of those under age 18 and 31.2% of those age 65 or over.

2010 Census[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the town had a population of 2,174. Of that population, 1,235 (56.81%) were White, 493 (22.68%) were Black or African American, 364 (16.74%) were American Indian or Alaska Native, 65 (2.99%) were two or more races, 14 (0.64%) were some other race. There were 42 (1.93%) were Hispanic or Latino.[10]

Notable natives and residents[edit]

  • Ray Grier, former mayor, current city council member [11]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b Native Americans: The Pee Dee People, South Carolina Information Highway, accessed 22 April 2014
  4. ^ Cunningham, Sarah L (2010). "Biological and Cultural Stress in a South Appalachian Mississippian Settlement: Town Creek Indian Mound, Mt. Gilead, NC" (PDF). North Carolina State University. Retrieved 2012-04-12. 
  5. ^ "Town Creek Indian Mound: An American Indian Legacy". North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, Office of Archives & History. Archived from the original on 2007-08-10. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 193. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ http://censusviewer.com/city/SC/mccoll/2010
  11. ^ Marlboro County web site, McColl page Retrieved October 22, 2016.