McCredie Springs

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McCredie Springs
McCredie Springs Resort and sawmill in 1910
McCredie Springs Resort and sawmill in 1910
McCredie Springs is located in Oregon
McCredie Springs
McCredie Springs
Location within the state of Oregon
McCredie Springs is located in the United States
McCredie Springs
McCredie Springs
McCredie Springs (the United States)
Coordinates: 43°42′35″N 122°17′20″W / 43.7098454°N 122.2889296°W / 43.7098454; -122.2889296Coordinates: 43°42′35″N 122°17′20″W / 43.7098454°N 122.2889296°W / 43.7098454; -122.2889296
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyLane
Elevation
2,064 ft (629 m)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
97463
Area code(s)458 and 541
GNIS feature ID114953[1]

McCredie Springs are hot springs and a former resort in Lane County, Oregon, United States. It is located near Oregon Route 58 (OR 58), 10.7 miles (17.2 km) east of Oakridge, and 50.7 miles (81.6 km) east of Eugene, within the Willamette National Forest.[2] It is known for the nearby natural hot springs along Salt Creek.

History[edit]

Frank Warner, a trapper, came upon a series of hot springs along Salt Creek and settled near them in 1878.[3] He lived in the cabin he built there until he was evicted by the newly formed United States Forest Service (USFS) in the early 1900s.[3] In 1911, John Hardin filed a mineral claim on the land, ostensibly because of the salt found there, but he actually wanted to build a resort on the land leased from the USFS.[3] He named the place Winino Springs and opened a hotel in 1914.[3] Judge William Wallace McCredie bought an interest in the springs resort in 1916, and established a training quarters for his Portland baseball club, the Portland Beavers.[4]

A post office named Winino was established near Salt Creek on July 8, 1924.[4] The compiler of Oregon Geographic Names believed the name was of Native American origin, but could not find a definition.[4] The office was closed during the time the Southern Pacific Railroad (now Union Pacific) Cascade Line was being built, on December 31, 1925, with mail going to Railhead.[4] The resort came be known as McCredie Springs.[3] McCredie Springs post office operated intermittently from September 14, 1926 until October 2, 1953.[4]

During its heyday in the 1930s, the resort was served by five Southern Pacific passenger trains each day.[3] In 1940, the resort community had a population of 19, cabins, a hotel, and a store.[5]

The hotel burned to the ground in 1958 and the Christmas flood of 1964 destroyed the bridge that provided access to the springs. The Forest Service cancelled the lease and razed the remaining buildings.[3] Today, the site remains mostly natural.[3]

Hot springs[edit]

McCredie Hot Springs are hot springs located at 43°42′14″N 122°17′14″W / 43.70389°N 122.28722°W / 43.70389; -122.28722 (McCredie Hot Springs), across OR 58 from the community, by the banks of Salt Creek.[6]

Water profile[edit]

The geothermally heated mineral water emerges from the ground at 20 US gallons (76 l) per minute at a temperature of 163 °F (73 °C).[7][8] The mineral content includes: sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, aluminum, silicon dioxide, boron, lithium, bicarbonate, sulfate, chlorine, fluorine.[8]

Further reading[edit]

  • Birkby, Jeff (2002). Touring Washington and Oregon Hot Springs. ISBN 0762711337.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "McCredie Springs". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved September 11, 2020.
  2. ^ Oregon Atlas & Gazetteer (7th ed.). Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. 2008. p. 43. ISBN 0-89933-347-8.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "The Hotel McCredie Springs". November 26, 2011. Retrieved September 11, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d e McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. pp. 623, 1052. ISBN 978-0875952772.
  5. ^ Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of Oregon (1940). Oregon: End of the Trail. American Guide Series. Portland, Oregon: Binfords & Mort. p. 412. OCLC 4874569.
  6. ^ "McCredie Hot Springs". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. May 22, 1986. Retrieved September 11, 2020.
  7. ^ Berry, George W.; Grim, Paul J.; Ikelman, Joy A. (1980). Thermal Springs List for the United States. Boulder, Colorado: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. p. 39.
  8. ^ a b Niewendorp, Clark. "Geothermal Information Layer for Oregon: McCredie Hot Springs" (PDF). Oregon Geology. Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries. Retrieved June 23, 2020.

External links[edit]