McCulloch County, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
McCulloch County, Texas
Mcculloch county courthouse 2010.jpg
Map of Texas highlighting McCulloch County
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1876
Named for Benjamin McCulloch
Seat Brady
Largest city Brady
Area
 • Total 1,073 sq mi (2,779 km2)
 • Land 1,066 sq mi (2,761 km2)
 • Water 7.8 sq mi (20 km2), 0.7%
Population
 • (2010) 8,283
 • Density 7.8/sq mi (3.0/km2)
Congressional district 11th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.co.mcculloch.tx.us

McCulloch County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. At the 2010 census, its population was 8,283.[1] Its county seat is Brady.[2] The county was created in 1856 and later organized in 1876.[3] It is named for Benjamin McCulloch, a famous Texas Ranger and Confederate general.

The geographical center of Texas lies within McCulloch County, near Brady.[4]

History[edit]

From 5000 BC to 1500 AD, the early Native American inhabitants included Tonkawa, Lipan Apache, Comanche, and Tawakoni.[5] The 1788 José Mares expedition passed through the area while travelling from San Antonio to Santa Fe.[6]

On November 21, 1831, in the Brady vicinity, James Bowie, Rezin P. Bowie, David Buchanan, Cephas D. Hamm, Matthew Doyle, Jesse Wallace, Thomas McCaslin, Robert Armstrong, and James Coryell with two servants, Charles and Gonzales, held at bay for a day and a night 164 Caddo and Lipans. After 80 warriors had been killed, the Indians withdrew.[7] Camp San Saba was established in 1852 to protect settlers from Indians.[8] The Sixth Texas Legislature in 1856 formed McCulloch County from Bexar County, and named it for Benjamin McCulloch.[5] The Voca waterwheel mill was built in 1876.[9]

The Brady Sentinel was established by D.F. Hayes in 1880 as the county’s first newspaper. Later, it was absorbed by the Heart o’ Texas News run by R.B. Boyle.[5] During 1886-1912, the Swedish colonies of East Sweden,[10] West Sweden[11] and Melvin[12] were established. From 1897 to 1910, the Brady Enterprise or McCulloch County Enterprise was published.[5] In 1899, the McCulloch County sandstone courthouse built in the Romanesque Revival style by architects Martin and Moodie.[13] In the last year of the 19th century, the Milburn Messenger was edited by T.F. Harwell. Cotton became a major county crop.[5] Three years later, the Fort Worth and Rio Grande Railway came to McCulloch County.[5] W.D. Currie published the Mercury Mascot from 1904 to 1907.[5] In 1906-1910 , the McCulloch County Star was published.[5] In 1909, the Brady Standard, edited by F.W. Schwenker, began publication, and absorbed the McCulloch County Star and the Brady Enterprise in 1910.[5] The Rochelle Record was started by W.D. Cowan in 1909.[5] The Melvin Rustler began publication in 1915.[5] in 1917, J. Marvin Hunter founded the Melvin Enterprise.[5]

During the 1920s, McCulloch County billed itself as "the Turkey Center of the Universe", and held an annual Turkey Trot.[5]

Tenant farming in the county peaked at 60% in the 1930s.[5]

The Colorado River flooded in 1932, cresting at 62.2 feet (19.0 m).[5] In 1938, Brady Creek flooded, cresting at 29.1 feet (8.9 m). The San Saba River flooded, cresting at 39.8 feet (12.1 m).[14]

Curtis Field, named for Brady Mayor Harry L. Curtis, opened as a flying school in 1941, with 80 students.[15] A county prisoner-of-war camp was set up in 1943; it housed members of Rommel's Afrika Corps, the S.S., and the Gestapo.[5] Crockett State School took over the former POW camp in 1946, and used it as a training school for delinquent black girls.[16]

From 1954 to 1960, 48 restraining structures were installed in the county to control flooding.[5] Brady Creek Reservoir was constructed to partially control flooding on Brady Creek in 1963.[17] A tourist information marker placed in the county, declaring the geographical center of Texas.[18]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,073 square miles (2,780 km2), of which 1,066 square miles (2,760 km2) are land and 7.8 square miles (20 km2) (0.7%) are covered by water.[19]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870173
18801,533786.1%
18903,217109.8%
19003,96023.1%
191013,405238.5%
192011,020−17.8%
193013,88326.0%
194013,208−4.9%
195011,701−11.4%
19608,815−24.7%
19708,571−2.8%
19808,7351.9%
19908,7780.5%
20008,205−6.5%
20108,2831.0%
Est. 20168,172[20]−1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[21]
1850–2010[22] 2010–2014[1]

At the 2000 census,[23] 8,205 people, 3,277 households and 2,267 families resided in the county. The population density was 8 per square mile (3/km²). The 4,184 housing units averaged 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.64% White, 1.57% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 11.71% from other races, and 1.63% from two or more races. About 27% of the population were Hispanic or Latinos of any race.

Of the 3,277 households, 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were not families. About 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.01. About 26.60% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 22.90% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 19.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.00 males.

The median household income was $25,705 and family income was $30,783. Males had a median income of $25,844 versus $18,337 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,579. About 17.30% of families and 22.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.40% of those under age 18 and 21.50% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

In 1947, the State of Texas opened the Brady State School for Negro Girls in McCulloch County, near Brady on a former prisoner of war camp leased from the federal government of the United States. In 1950, the state replaced the Brady facility with the Crockett State School.[16]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[24]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 82.2% 2,552 15.5% 482 2.2% 69
2012 80.8% 2,419 17.9% 537 1.2% 37
2008 75.2% 2,263 24.2% 728 0.6% 19
2004 76.6% 2,465 23.1% 745 0.3% 10
2000 71.4% 2,084 27.2% 794 1.4% 42
1996 48.7% 1,465 40.9% 1,231 10.4% 312
1992 31.7% 1,108 39.9% 1,393 28.4% 990
1988 49.1% 1,618 50.6% 1,665 0.3% 10
1984 58.8% 2,060 40.9% 1,433 0.3% 9
1980 46.7% 1,572 52.0% 1,750 1.3% 44
1976 40.5% 1,300 58.9% 1,888 0.6% 19
1972 70.1% 1,769 29.8% 753 0.1% 3
1968 35.6% 947 50.9% 1,353 13.5% 359
1964 23.7% 655 76.1% 2,100 0.2% 6
1960 42.4% 1,165 57.5% 1,579 0.2% 4
1956 52.6% 1,292 47.2% 1,158 0.2% 5
1952 52.3% 1,788 47.5% 1,623 0.3% 9
1948 14.9% 393 81.9% 2,166 3.2% 85
1944 16.5% 463 74.5% 2,088 9.0% 253
1940 15.7% 443 84.3% 2,373
1936 15.3% 323 83.9% 1,772 0.8% 16
1932 11.6% 265 88.1% 2,006 0.3% 6
1928 63.6% 1,294 36.4% 741
1924 26.8% 495 72.0% 1,327 1.2% 22
1920 19.2% 210 71.2% 780 9.7% 106
1916 6.0% 61 82.6% 847 11.4% 117
1912 4.9% 41 70.3% 595 24.8% 210

Education[edit]

The following school districts serve McCulloch County:

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved December 21, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Environment". Texas Almanac. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Smyrl, Vivian Elizabeth. "McCulloch County". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  6. ^ Bolton, Herbert Eugene (1915). Texas in the middle eighteenth century: Studies in Spanish colonial history and administration. University of Michigan Library. p. 130. 
  7. ^ "Site of Indian Battle - Brady vicinity, McCulloch County, Texas". Texas Historical Markers. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  8. ^ "Fort McKavett". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  9. ^ "Voca Waterwheel Mill". Texas Historical Markers. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  10. ^ "East Sweden". Texas Historical Markers. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  11. ^ "West Sweden". Texas Historical Markers. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  12. ^ "Melvin". Texas Historical Markers. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  13. ^ "McCulloch County Courthouse". Texas Historical Markers. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  14. ^ Burnett, Jonathan (2008). Flash Floods in Texas. TAMU Press. pp. 111–128. ISBN 978-1-58544-590-5. 
  15. ^ "About Brady Curtis Airfield". Sandhills Publishing Company. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  16. ^ a b Smyrl, Vivian Elizabeth. "Crockett State School". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  17. ^ Breeding, Seth D. "Brady Reservoir". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  18. ^ "Geographic Center of Texas - Brady vicinity, McCulloch County, Texas". Texas State Historical Markers. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  19. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  20. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  21. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  22. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  23. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  24. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 11 April 2018. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°12′N 99°21′W / 31.20°N 99.35°W / 31.20; -99.35