McDonald County, Missouri

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McDonald County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting McDonald County
Location in the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded March 3, 1849
Named for Sergeant Alexander McDonald, a soldier in the American Revolutionary War
Seat Pineville
Largest city Anderson
 • Total 540 sq mi (1,399 km2)
 • Land 539 sq mi (1,396 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (1 km2), 0.04%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 22,643
 • Density 43/sq mi (17/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
McDonald County courthouse in Pineville

McDonald County is a county located in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,083.[1] Its county seat is Pineville.[2] The county was organized in 1849 and named for Sergeant Alexander McDonald, a soldier in the American Revolutionary War.[3] The county has three sites on the National Register of Historic Places, including the Old McDonald County Courthouse and the Powell Bridge.

McDonald County is part of the FayettevilleSpringdaleRogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 540 square miles (1,400 km2), of which 539 square miles (1,400 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.04%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,236
1860 4,008 79.2%
1870 3,756 −6.3%
1880 7,816 108.1%
1890 11,283 44.4%
1900 13,574 20.3%
1910 13,539 −0.3%
1920 12,690 −6.3%
1930 13,936 9.8%
1940 15,749 13.0%
1950 14,144 −10.2%
1960 11,798 −16.6%
1970 12,357 4.7%
1980 14,917 20.7%
1990 16,938 13.5%
2000 21,681 28.0%
2010 23,083 6.5%
Est. 2015 22,643 [5] −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 21,681 people, 8,113 households, and 5,865 families residing in the county. The population density was 40 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 9,287 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.66% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 2.88% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 3.70% from other races, and 3.30% from two or more races. Approximately 9.36% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.0% were of American, 11.5% German, 10.5% Irish and 6.6% English ancestry.

There were 8,113 households out of which 35.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.90% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 102.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,010, and the median income for a family was $31,530. Males had a median income of $23,434 versus $18,157 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,175. About 15.60% of families and 20.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.60% of those under age 18 and 17.20% of those age 65 or over.


Public schools[edit]

  • McDonald County R-I School District - Anderson
    • Noel Primary School (PK-02) - Noel
    • Pineville Primary School (PK-02) - Pineville
    • Anderson Elementary School (PK-06) - Anderson
    • Noel Elementary School (03-08) - Noel
    • Pineville Elementary School (03-08) - Pineville
    • Rocky Comfort Elementary School (PK-08) - Rocky Comfort
    • Southwest City Elementary School (PK-08) - Southwest City
    • White Rock Elementary School (PK-08) - Jane
    • Anderson Middle School (07-08) - Anderson
    • McDonald County R-I High School (09-12) - Anderson

History of McDonald County R-I School District[edit]

The present McDonald County R-I School District is the result of consolidations of several county school districts. The first two school districts to consolidate were the Pineville and Anderson school districts. This was the first step in what was a long-range plan to combine all of the remaining high schools in the county with the exception of the Goodman School District which would become a part of the Neosho school system. The plan for the Pineville–Anderson consolidation was approved and the state offered a $50,000 matching grant for the building of a new high school. If the remaining high schools were to have joined, an additional $200,000 in matching grants would have been recurred.

The first consolidated class from Pineville and Anderson was the Class of 1966. David Alumbaugh was a member of that class and remembers it was the class that elected the school mascot as the mustang and the school colors of red and black. There was not a new high school so each town maintained a high school faculty but all activities including athletics were combined. When asked what the mood of the people in Pineville was concerning the school consolidation, Alumbaugh said, “I don’t remember it being a great deal; most people considered it inevitable it was going to happen sooner or later." It was something that could not be stopped, according to Larry Warner who taught during the first year (1966) at the Pineville campus and then at the new high school in Anderson its next year. “It was something that was really needed. The faculty at the old Pineville High School was not very good either at the end of their careers or just beginning. The kids got along fine at the new school but it was the parents who fought.”

The next school district to consider joining Pineville and Anderson was the Noel School District. Noel Lawmen had a serious concern on where the new high school, which would serve all students, would be located. The proposed site was about a mile east of the city of Anderson at the junction of Highway 76 and then new Highway 71. The Noel patrons wanted a site more close to the center of the county which would be just north of the Indian River Bridge at the city of Lanagan. The Noel School Board sent a letter to the Missouri Department of Elementary & Secondary Education calling for a vote of the people of McDonald County on the site but this didn’t happen. The reasoning for there not being a countywide vote couldn’t be found, but the proposed new high school site had already been approved by the Missouri Department of Education.

It is interesting to note that once a school district was asked to be included in the reorganized district the people of the district asked to be included and the people of the reorganized district both voted. What this meant was that the people of Pineville and Anderson could vote in other districts even if that other district’s patrons didn’t want to come into the reorganized district, they had to. This led to many of the hard feelings that last even today in McDonald County about the school consolidation. With the addition of Noel to the reorganization there were only the high schools of Goodman, Rocky Comfort and Southwest City left. The school district of Goodman decided to join the school district of Neosho. This left Southwest City with its school population of 89 and Rocky Comfort with its high school population of 107 as the only other two schools left in the county. Southwest City, located only miles from the Arkansas and Oklahoma borders, had no other choice. There were no Missouri schools close to it so it asked and was voted into the reorganized plan. Rocky Comfort is located on the eastern edge of McDonald County and would have been much closer to reorganize with the town of Wheaton in Barry County. Rocky Comfort ended up joining the reorganization of the McDonald County schools.

Public libraries[edit]

  • McDonald County Library[11]



The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in McDonald County. Republicans hold all but one of the elected positions in the county.

McDonald County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Laura Pope Republican
Circuit Clerk Jennifer Mikeska Republican
County Clerk Barbara Williams Republican
Collector Brenda Gordon Republican
Keith Lindquist Republican
(District 1)
Sam Gaskill Republican
(District 2)
David Holloway Republican
Coroner BJ Goodwin Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Jonathan Pierce Republican
Public Administrator Donna Underwood Republican
Recorder Kenny Underwood Republican
Sheriff Michael S. Hall Republican
Surveyor Travis Green Republican
Treasurer Joye Helm Republican


Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 72.55% 5,915 22.73% 1,853 4.72% 385
2012 62.26% 4,823 33.10% 2,564 4.64% 359
2008 59.74% 4,766 36.63% 2,922 3.63% 290
2004 73.36% 5,622 24.71% 1,894 1.94% 148
2000 64.92% 4,216 32.14% 2,087 2.94% 191
1996 54.46% 3,297 41.89% 2,536 3.65% 221

All of McDonald County is a part of Missouri's 159th district in the Missouri House of Representatives and is represented by Bill Lant (R-Pineville).

Missouri House of Representatives — District 159 — McDonald County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Bill Lant 7,290 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 159 — McDonald County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Bill Lant 3,346 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 159 — McDonald County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Bill Lant 6,621 100.00%

All of McDonald County is a part of Missouri's 29th District and is currently represented in the Missouri Senate by David Sater (R-Cassville).

Missouri Senate — District 29 — McDonald County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican David Sater 7,176 100.00%
Missouri Senate — District 29 — McDonald County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican David Sater 6,575 100.00%


U.S. Senate — Missouri — McDonald County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Roy Blunt 5,812 71.10% +11.12
Democratic Jason Kander 1,793 21.94% -12.04
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 258 3.16% -2.88
Green Johnathan McFarland 141 1.72% +1.72
Constitution Fred Ryman 170 2.08% +2.08
U.S. Senate — Missouri — McDonald County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Todd Akin 4,667 59.98%
Democratic Claire McCaskill 2,644 33.98%
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 470 6.04%

All of McDonald County is included in Missouri's 7th Congressional District and is represented by Billy Long (R-Springfield) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 7th Congressional District — McDonald County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Billy Long 6,271 77.92% +0.42
Democratic Genevieve Williams 1,428 17.74% -0.14
Libertarian Benjamin T. Brixey 349 4.34% -0.28
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 7th Congressional District — McDonald County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Billy Long 2,970 77.50% +6.96
Democratic Jim Evans 685 17.88% -6.89
Libertarian Kevin Craig 177 4.62% -0.07
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 7th Congressional District — McDonald County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Billy Long 5,363 70.54%
Democratic Jim Evans 1,883 24.77%
Libertarian Kevin Craig 357 4.69%

Political culture[edit]

Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 80.07% 6,599 16.12% 1,329 3.81% 314
2012 72.84% 5,694 24.56% 1,920 2.60% 203
2008 67.60% 5,499 30.17% 2,454 2.23% 182
2004 70.46% 5,443 28.67% 2,215 0.86% 67
2000 68.31% 4,460 28.58% 1,866 3.11% 203
1996 50.36% 3,088 33.15% 1,980 16.49% 985

Like most counties situated in Southwest Missouri, McDonald County is a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. George W. Bush carried McDonald County in 2000 and 2004 by more than two-to-one margins, and like many other rural and exurban counties throughout Missouri, McDonald County strongly favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008. Despite the strength of Republicans at the presidential level here, Democrat Jimmy Carter did manage to carry McDonald County in 1976, making it the only county in Southwest Missouri to have been won by any Democrat in the past 50 years.

Like most areas throughout the Bible Belt in Southwest Missouri, voters in McDonald County traditionally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles which tend to strongly influence their Republican leanings. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed McDonald County with 84.42 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in McDonald County with 57.02 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite McDonald County’s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed McDonald County with 76.37 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 78.99 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)[edit]

  • Former Governor Mike Huckabee (R-Arkansas) received more votes, a total of 1,285, than any candidate from either party in McDonald County during the 2008 Missouri Presidential Primaries.
McDonald County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 674 (25.55%)
Mike Huckabee 1,285 (48.71%)
Mitt Romney 389 (14.75%)
Ron Paul 233 (8.83%)
McDonald County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Clinton 1,060 (68.39%)
Barack Obama 403 (26.00%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 55 (3.55%)
Uncommitted 23 (1.48%)


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 193. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  5. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "McDonald County Library". Retrieved May 8, 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Sturges, J. A. Illustrated history of McDonald County, Missouri : from the earliest settlement to the present time (1897) online

External links[edit]

Missouri]] Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books

Coordinates: 36°37′N 94°21′W / 36.62°N 94.35°W / 36.62; -94.35