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McDonaldland

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McDonaldland
Mac Donald-sponsored kids show at Azabujuban festival.jpg
An actor portraying Ronald McDonald at a Japanese festival in Azabu-Jūban
Created by
Original workRonald McDonald (1963)
OwnerMcDonald's
Years1963–present
Print publications
Book(s)
Comics
Films and television
Film(s)
Short film(s)
  • Ronald McDonald and the Adventure Machine (1987)
Animated series
Direct-to-video
  • The Adventures of Ronald McDonald: McTreasure Island (1990)
Games
Video game(s)
Miscellaneous
Toy(s)
Theme park attraction(s)
Nonprofit charityRonald McDonald House Charities (1974)

McDonaldland is a McDonald's media franchise and the fictional fantasy world inhabited by Ronald McDonald and his friends. Starting with the creation of Ronald McDonald in 1963 it is primarily developed and published by McDonald's, initial attempts to expand the McDonaldland universe by Needham, Harper & Steers were seemingly retconned due to legal issues, but ongoing aspects were expanded in McDonald's projects in collaboration with Data East, Virgin Interactive, Treasure, SEGA, and Klasky Csupo.

The series centers on an adventuring magical clown named Ronald McDonald, who has red hair, white and red facepaint, and wears a yellow jumpsuit over a red and white striped long-sleeve shirt with yellow gloves. His most regularly occurring friends are Grimace, the Hamburglar, Birdie the Early Bird, the Fry Kids, the McNugget Buddies, and the Happy Meal Gang. The fictional world has a variety of inspirations from general high fantasy and low fantasy, to corporate culture and corporate personality, to more specific influences including Christian media and the artwork of Koichi Kimura from McDonald's Treasure Land Adventure.[1][2]

In addition to being used in advertising, the characters were used as the basis for themed equipment in the "PlayPlaces" attached to some McDonald's outlets, small recreational activity rooms intended for young children. While the McDonaldland portion has received somewhat less attention since 2003, several of the characters including Ronald McDonald, Grimace, Birdie the Early Bird, and the Hamburglar are still seen in commercials, Happy Meal toys, and materials supporting the Ronald McDonald House Charities. The Fry Kids and McNugget Buddies received entire dedicated McDonaldland themed line-ups of Funko Pop! figures in 2019 and onward, other characters that appeared in the line-up include Ronald, Grimace, the Hamburglar, Birdie the Early Bird, Mayor McCheese and Officer Big Mac.

Overview

Setting

McDonaldland takes place predominantly in its own high fantasy world, however parts of the McDonaldland world have low fantasy interactions with the real world. In The Wacky Adventures of Ronald McDonald the denizens of McDonaldland were shown to be able to travel between worlds using PlayPlace slides. Ronald is an adventurer with magical powers that acts as an ambassador for good and freedom,[3] such as traveling to the rain forest to bring attention to endangered species and deforestation or delivering a safety PSA on the importance of seat belts.[4]

Redemption arcs are incorporated within McDonaldland media. Grimace, a purple monster that was originally an antagonist that stole beverages and shakes from customers, but has since become a good guy. The Hamburglar, also originally a villain, he was a thief that targeted hamburgers and sandwiches, but he is now more of a lovable rogue character. The world of McDonaldland has many seeming similarities with the real world, take for example the character Uncle O'Grimacey, a character originally created for the Christian holiday Saint Patrick's Day to promote the Shamrock Shake.[5] Technomancy like vehicles were shown in some ads, which included flying saucer-like hamburgers.

Locations

The most often occurring regions, as seen in numerous McDonaldland commercials and video games, are a forest, town, sea, outer space. Their exact geographic layout is unknown, but within these regions are several locales, including; Grimace Island, a Western themed area, several portals to real world McDonald's restaurants, the Moon, and Ronald's home.

History

The namesake for McDonaldLand is the McDonald's restaurants founded by Richard and Maurice McDonald, popularized by Ray Kroc. Ronald McDonald was originally portrayed by Willard Scott, a former Bozo the Clown actor. In 1963, he and Washington, D.C. franchisee Oscar Goldstein created the initial aspects of the character. The initial idea to expand the McDonaldland universe was outsourced to Needham, Harper & Steers in 1970–71 at the request of McDonald's for its restaurants. The first commercial aired in January 1971. The early commercials were built on an upbeat, bubblegum-style tune and feature a narrator; many have plots that involve various villains, like the Hamburglar, Evil Grimace, and Captain Crook trying to steal a corresponding food item but are constantly foiled by Ronald.[6]

In 1973, Sid and Marty Krofft sued McDonald's by claiming that the entire McDonaldland premise plagiarized their television show. In Sid & Marty Krofft Television Productions Inc. v. McDonald's Corp., the Kroffts also claimed that the character Mayor McCheese was an infringement on their copyrighted character "H.R. Pufnstuf" (a mayor himself). At trial, a jury found in favor of the Kroffts and McDonald's was ordered to pay $50,000. The case was appealed by both parties to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. The appeals court, in the 1977 decision of Sid & Marty Krofft Television Productions Inc. v. McDonald's Corp., reassessed damages in favor of the Kroffts to more than $1,000,000.[6][7] As a result, McDonald's was ordered to stop producing some of the characters, or they must be modified to become legally distinct, and to stop airing commercials featuring those characters until then.[6]

In 1976, Remco created a line of six-inch (15 cm) action figures to celebrate the characters.[6]

In the 1980s and 1990s, the McDonaldland commercials remained a popular marketing device. The characters that remained following the lawsuit were Ronald McDonald, Grimace, Hamburglar and the French Fry Gobblins (renamed the Fry Guys and later the Fry Kids with the addition of the Fry Girls) while Mayor McCheese, Officer Big Mac, Captain Crook and the Professor were used until 1985. (However, they did return for a Sears advertisement in 1987). Birdie the Early Bird would join the lineup soon after representing the restaurant's new breakfast line in the early 1980s. Some of the characters' physical appearances were revised in later commercials (notably Hamburglar, Grimace and Birdie). From then on the characters lived in reality and interacted with real-life people, but commercials still took place in "McDonaldland". Soon after the Happy Meal Gang and the McNugget Buddies were prominent features in the commercials (representing the restaurant's Happy Meals and Chicken McNuggets respectively, being the menu items that mainly appealed to kids) along with Ronald.

Merchandise featuring the McDonaldland characters included a kid-friendly magazine titled "McDonaldland Fun Times", which published six issues a year. A direct-to-video animated film titled The Adventures of Ronald McDonald: McDonaldland Treasure Island was released in 1989, featuring much of the McDonaldland characters from the 1980s. Video games featuring the characters were also released, such as M.C. Kids and McDonald's Treasure Land Adventure.

From 1998 until 2003, Rugrats creators Klasky Csupo and McDonald's released an animated direct-to-video series exclusively on VHS titled The Wacky Adventures of Ronald McDonald. The series depicted Ronald, Grimace, Birdie, the Hamburglar and a few new characters, like Ronald's pessimistic dog Sundae. These videos would begin in live-action in what resembled a futuristic McDonaldland. Whenever the characters would enter down a tube or other means of travel, they would become animated. In all six episodes, Ronald goes on adventures with his friends and they learn new things along the way.

In the early 2000s, McDonald's experimented with the possibility of animating the characters to improve ratings. Various spots featuring the Hamburglar and other characters alongside celebrities were planned but were canceled. A conflict emerged between agencies regarding whether to continue using the characters or to follow through the desire of ad agency Leo Burnett by elevating the "I'm lovin' it" campaign. The McDonaldland premise was largely dropped out of campaigns and Happy Meal toys. Despite this, the characters continued to appear in advertising and McDonald's PlayPlaces, decorative seats for children's birthday parties and bibs, though only Ronald McDonald, Birdie, Grimace, the Hamburglar and the Fry Kids appear in them. They also appeared on some soft drink cups until 2008 and still appear as cookies in pouches titled "McDonaldland Cookies".

McDonald's CEO Jim Skinner defended Ronald McDonald, and said that he is "here to stay".[3] Today, the characters still appear on the windows of some McDonald's restaurants. Modern commercials nowadays depict Ronald McDonald alone in real-world situations with children, whether he visits a local McDonald's restaurant or to visit sick children at a Ronald McDonald House. The other characters still appear: the Happy Meal box character from the original 1979 Happy Meal Gang was redesigned to be a main character for Happy Meals during the 2010s, during the mid 2010s McDonald's made a parody hipster version of the Hamburglar portrayed by Max Greenfield,[8] Grimace had a non-speaking appearance in an advertisement for Monsters vs. Aliens Happy Meal toys, and also made a cameo in the 2022 McDonald's Super Bowl LVI commercial with Kanye West, where Grimace is animated and voiced by Ryan Reynolds.

Funko designed several ongoing Pop! Vinyl! figures starting in 2019 representing numerous McDonaldland characters including a line dedicated to The McNugget Buddies, as well as some characters thought to be retconned like Mayor McCheese & Officer Big Mac.[9][10]

Characters

Ronald McDonald

Ronald McDonald – The primary cultural icon and official mascot of McDonald's. He is a clown with red hair and a big red smile who wears a yellow jumpsuit and red shoes.

Friends

  • The Hamburglar (performed by Frank Delfino from 1971–1992, Jerry Maren in some commercials, Tommy Vicini from 1992–2003,[11][12] voiced by Larry Storch from 1971–1986, Howard Morris from 1986–2003, Charlie Adler in some commercials during the mid 1980s and in The Wacky Adventures of Ronald McDonald, and Carl W. Wolfe in some commercials during the 1990s[13]) – A pint-sized burglar who was introduced in 1971 as one of the first antagonists of the commercials where he often attempts to steal hamburgers and cheeseburgers from Ronald. He was often referred to in his first commercial appearances as "the crafty old Hamburglar" and at least one ad promoting McDonald's breakfast menu as "The Lone Jogger", wearing a white T-shirt displaying that name on the front. Originally, the Hamburglar spoke in a gibberish language which had to be translated by Captain Crook. He was reintroduced in 1985 as one of the main protagonists, with a radically friendlier appearance, where he spoke in normal sentences, but retained his penchant for trying to steal burgers. In 2015, McDonald's brought back the Hamburglar as part of the promotion of a new sirloin burger.[14]
  • Grimace (performed by Patty Saunders from 1971–1983, Mauri Bernstein in some 80's commercials, Terry Castillo-Faass from 1983–2000, voiced by Lennie Weinrib from 1971–1986, Frank Welker and sometimes Larry Moran from 1986–2003,[13] Kevin Michael Richardson in The Wacky Adventures of Ronald McDonald) – A large purple monster who was first introduced in November 1971 as the "Evil Grimace". In Grimace's first appearances, he was one of the original main antagonists and was depicted with two pairs of arms which were used to steal milkshakes and Cokes. "Evil" was soon dropped from Grimace's name and he was reintroduced in 1972 as a protagonist where he only has one set of arms. He was then a rather clumsy, but still amiable monster from then on.
A blue Fry Kid is seen sitting on a McDonald's sign in Greenfield, Wisconsin.
  • Fry Kids (various voices in the commercials, Kath Soucie, Paul Greenberg and Nika Futterman in The Wacky Adventures of Ronald McDonald) – Introduced in 1972 as "Gobblins", the Fry Kids are small, shaggy, ball-like creatures with legs and no arms who try to steal other characters' French fries.
  • Birdie the Early Bird (performed by Felix Silla 1979–1986, Patty Maloney 1986–2001, voiced by Russi Taylor in the commercials,[13] Christine Cavanaugh in The Wacky Adventures of Ronald McDonald) – A yellow bird wearing a pink jumpsuit, flight cap and scarf who was introduced in 1980 as the first female character. Made to promote the company's new breakfast items, she is depicted as a poor flyer and a somewhat clumsy person in general.
  • The Happy Meal Gang – Introduced in 1979, they were joined by the McNugget Buddies in 1984 and the Happy Meal Box and the Under 3 Toy in 1992. They consist of The Happy Meal Hamburger (voiced by Bob Arbogast and later voiced by Jim Cummings[13]), the Happy Meal Fries (voiced by Jeff Winkless and later voiced by Bob Bergen and then Tress MacNeille[13]) and the Happy Meal Drink (voiced by Hal Smith and later voiced by Bill Farmer[13]). The Happy Meal Box character was never voiced, but became a standalone part of marketing campaign for Happy Meals during the 2010s.
  • Uncle O'Grimacey (performed by Robert Towers, voiced by Lennie Weinrib[13]) – Introduced in 1977 for an advertising narrative of McDonald's both in celebration of Saint Patrick's Day and to mark the annual appearance of the Shamrock Shake, he is depicted as Grimace's uncle.
  • CosMc (performed by Tommy Vicini, voiced by Frank Welker[13]) – An alien who appeared in commercials during the mid-1980s. CosMc was a character in the video game M.C. Kids.
  • The McNugget Buddies (variously voiced by Hal Rayle, Frank Welker, Katie Leigh, Greg Berg, Pat Musick, Don Messick, and Pat Fraley in the commercials,[13] Pamela Adlon, Lisa Raggio and Charlie Adler in The Wacky Adventures of Ronald McDonald) – A bunch of anthropomorphic regular-sized Chicken McNuggets who were introduced in 1984.
  • Bernice (performed by Tim Blaney and Tony Urbano) – A strange creature that was introduced in 1992 and that ate inedible things like the script in the three-part "Ronald McDonald Makin' Movies" commercial.
  • Vulture – An unnamed vulture who spoke in a monotone voice.
  • Sundae (performed by Verne Troyer, voiced by Dee Bradley Baker) – Ronald's dog who has appeared only in The Wacky Adventures of Ronald McDonald where he was animated with puppetry. The animatronic Sundae was created by Optic Nerve Studios, Inc. Troyer was assisted in performing Sundae by puppeteers Mark Garbarino, Bryan Blair, Russell Shinkle and Shaun Smith.
  • Iam Hungry (voiced by Jeff Lupetin[13]) – A short-lived McDonaldland character who was introduced in 1998 and was dropped in 2001. Self-proclaimed as the "Vice President of Snacking", the character is a floating, fast-moving green fuzzball with orange arms and a monstrous face who has a big appetite.
  • Mike the Microphone – A one-time character created especially for the Kid Rhino albums Ronald Makes It Magic and Ronald McDonald presents Silly Sing Along.

Retconned characters

These characters have not appeared since the 1980s, and the reason remains unknown. Though many assume it had something to do with the lawsuit, which might be incorrect as Mayor McCheese and Officer Big Mac both appear in the 2020 Funko McDonaldland Pop! Vinyl! figures.

  • Mayor McCheese (performed by Billy Curtis from 1971–1979, Jerry Maren from 1980–1985, voiced by Howard Morris impersonating Ed Wynn in the commercials,[13] Bob Joles impersonating Wynn in The Wacky Adventures of Ronald McDonald) – An enormous cheeseburger-headed character who first appeared in 1971 and was removed in 1985. He sported a top hat, a diplomat's sash and a pair of pince-nez spectacles and was portrayed as McDonaldland's bumbling and incompetent mayor. He was the subject of a lawsuit filed by Sid and Marty Krofft for similarities to H.R. Pufnstuf; specifically, both were characters with enormous heads who served as the elected leader of a fantastical setting.
Officer Big Mac climb-in jail playground.
  • Officer Big Mac (performed by Jerry Maren, voiced by Ted Cassidy[13]) – Introduced in 1971 and was dropped in 1985, he is similar to Mayor McCheese in appearance that he has a large burger for a head. In his case, his head is a Big Mac (minus the vegetables and special sauce) rather than a cheeseburger. Officer Big Mac is the chief of police and as such he wears a constable uniform with a disproportionately small custodian helmet resting atop his head bun. As the main source of law and order in McDonaldland, Officer Big Mac spends most of his time chasing Hamburglar and Captain Crook.
  • Captain Crook (performed by Robert Towers, voiced by Larry Storch in 1971–1983, Tim Blaney in 1984-1985[13]) – A pirate captain who was introduced in 1971 as one of the main antagonists and was dropped in 1985. Captain Crook steals Filet-O-Fish sandwiches and often interprets Hamburglar's gibberish. He was revised in 1984 with a Muppet-like appearance and later became simply known as "The Captain" where he has a parrot and operates the S.S. Filet-O-Fish.
  • The Professor (portrayed by Lou Wagner, voiced by Andre Stojka) – A scientist who is McDonaldland's inventor and researcher. He was introduced in 1971 and has invented different devices throughout McDonaldland like the Psychedelic Electronic Hamburger Machine (which made only pumpkins for some reason), the Dinner Gong, an invisible car that helped Ronald McDonald get to McDonald's to meet with the kids, a magnetic bat, and the Chicken McNugget Dip-O-Matic. In his first appearances, he was a bespectacled man with a beard, neck-length hair, and a hat. In the 80s, he was a bespectacled man with a moustache, a long nose, and a helmet with a lightbulb on it. The character was dropped in 1985.

In other media

See also

References

  1. ^ Steinberg, Shirley R.; Kincheloe, Joe L. (1998). "KINDERCULTURE : the corporate construction of childhood". Anthropology & Education Quarterly. [Wiley, American Anthropological Association]. 29 (4): 507–509. ISBN 0-367-09739-7. JSTOR 3196303. Archived from the original on March 19, 2022. Retrieved March 19, 2022.
  2. ^ "McDonald's Treasure Land Adventure". Sega Retro. October 22, 2021. Archived from the original on April 21, 2022. Retrieved March 19, 2022.
  3. ^ a b McDonald's Says Ronald Is Here to Stay, McDonalds.com, archived from the original on 12 June 2011, retrieved 18 May 2011
  4. ^ Langert, Bob (2019). Battle to do good : inside McDonalds sustainability journey. Bingley, UK: Emerald. ISBN 978-1-78756-816-7. OCLC 1081173484.
  5. ^ Prof, Your Favorite (March 12, 2021). "Shake It Up!". Your Favorite Prof. Archived from the original on April 21, 2022. Retrieved March 19, 2022.
  6. ^ a b c d Bellomo, Mark (2016-10-04). "A Brief History of McDonaldland and the Toys (and Lawsuit) It Spawned". Mental Floss. Archived from the original on 2019-07-08. Retrieved 2016-12-06.
  7. ^ Weil, Roman L.; Frank, Peter B.; Hughes, Christian W.; Wagner, Michael J. (2007-01-02). Litigation Services Handbook: The Role of the Financial Expert. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9780470052686. Archived from the original on 2013-10-12. Retrieved 2020-09-20.
  8. ^ Monllos, Kristina (May 12, 2015). "Max Greenfield Helps the Hipster Hamburglar Push McDonald's Sirloin Burgers". Adweek. Archived from the original on May 17, 2022. Retrieved March 19, 2022.
  9. ^ Allan, Scoot (August 3, 2020). "EXCLUSIVE McDonald's Funko Pop!s Are BACK (And Available Here)". CBR. Archived from the original on March 19, 2022. Retrieved March 19, 2022.
  10. ^ Posted on (November 16, 2020). "Funko Serves Up Nuggets and Fries With More McDonalds Pop Vinyls". Bleeding Cool News And Rumors. Archived from the original on March 19, 2022. Retrieved March 19, 2022.
  11. ^ "Frank J. Delfino; Actor Played Hamburglar". Los Angeles Times. February 22, 1997. Archived from the original on 2016-06-03. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
  12. ^ "Frank J. Delfino, Television's Hamburglar". San Jose Mercury News. February 23, 1997. Archived from the original on June 27, 2018. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "McDonald's vocal credits". voicechasers.com. Voice Chasers. Archived from the original on December 16, 2014. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
  14. ^ Katie Lobosco, "McDonald's has a new Hamburglar Archived 2020-09-08 at the Wayback Machine", CNNMoney (May 7, 2015).

External links