McDonough County, Illinois

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McDonough County, Illinois
McDonough County Courthouse.jpg
McDonough County Courthouse, 2006
Map of Illinois highlighting McDonough County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1826
Named for Thomas Macdonough
Seat Macomb
Largest city Macomb
Area
 • Total 590 sq mi (1,528 km2)
 • Land 589 sq mi (1,526 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2 km2), 0.1%
Population
 • (2010) 32,612
 • Density 55/sq mi (21/km²)
Congressional district 18th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

McDonough County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 32,612.[1] Its county seat is Macomb.[2]

The Macomb, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of McDonough County.

History[edit]

McDonough County is named in honor of Thomas Macdonough who defeated a British squadron in the decisive naval Battle of Lake Champlain in the War of 1812.[3] McDonough County was part of the "Military Tract" set aside by Congress for veterans of the War of 1812.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 590 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 589 square miles (1,530 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) (0.1%) is water.[4]

The county has the unusual distinction of forming a perfect square by Mercator map projection. The county seat, Macomb, is in the center of the county, and the courthouse is almost precisely in the center of the county.

Climate and weather[edit]

Macomb, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.5
 
 
32
13
 
 
1.7
 
 
38
18
 
 
2.9
 
 
50
29
 
 
3.8
 
 
62
39
 
 
4.6
 
 
73
50
 
 
4.4
 
 
83
60
 
 
4.5
 
 
87
64
 
 
3.5
 
 
85
62
 
 
4
 
 
77
54
 
 
2.9
 
 
66
42
 
 
3.2
 
 
50
31
 
 
2.3
 
 
36
19
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Macomb have ranged from a low of 13 °F (−11 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −30 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in August 1934. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.47 inches (37 mm) in January to 4.58 inches (116 mm) in May.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 5,308
1850 7,616 43.5%
1860 20,069 163.5%
1870 26,509 32.1%
1880 27,970 5.5%
1890 27,467 −1.8%
1900 28,412 3.4%
1910 26,887 −5.4%
1920 27,074 0.7%
1930 27,329 0.9%
1940 26,944 −1.4%
1950 28,199 4.7%
1960 28,928 2.6%
1970 36,653 26.7%
1980 37,467 2.2%
1990 35,244 −5.9%
2000 32,913 −6.6%
2010 32,612 −0.9%
Est. 2013 32,464 −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 32,612 people, 13,057 households, and 6,724 families residing in the county.[10] The population density was 55.3 inhabitants per square mile (21.4/km2). There were 14,419 housing units at an average density of 24.5 per square mile (9.5/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 90.4% white, 5.0% black or African American, 1.8% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.7% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 25.0% were German, 14.7% were American, 13.7% were Irish, 12.7% were English, and 5.1% were Italian.[11]

Of the 13,057 households, 22.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.0% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 48.5% were non-families, and 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.80. The median age was 28.9 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $33,702 and the median income for a family was $52,390. Males had a median income of $42,297 versus $28,530 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,344. About 12.8% of families and 23.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.7% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.[12]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 193. 
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Macomb, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  11. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  12. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°28′N 90°41′W / 40.46°N 90.68°W / 40.46; -90.68