McDuffie County, Georgia

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McDuffie County
McDuffie County Courthouse in Thomson
McDuffie County Courthouse in Thomson
Map of Georgia highlighting McDuffie County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°29′N 82°29′W / 33.48°N 82.48°W / 33.48; -82.48
Country United States
State Georgia
Founded1870; 153 years ago (1870)
Named forGeorge McDuffie
SeatThomson
Largest cityThomson
Area
 • Total266 sq mi (690 km2)
 • Land257 sq mi (670 km2)
 • Water8.9 sq mi (23 km2)  3.4%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total21,632
 • Density84/sq mi (32/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district10th
Websitewww.thomson-mcduffie.com

McDuffie County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 21,632.[1] The county seat is Thomson.[2] The county was created on October 18, 1870[3] and named after the South Carolina governor and senator George McDuffie.[4]

McDuffie County is part of the Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Most communities located in the county were founded before the county was created. Some have faded into obscurity. The Historic Wrightsborough Foundation preserves the memory of the early 12,000 acre settlement of Wrightborough, which was occupied 1768 to 1920.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 266 square miles (690 km2), of which 257 square miles (670 km2) is land and 8.9 square miles (23 km2) (3.4%) is water.[6]

Most of the southern half of McDuffie County, south of Thomson, is located in the Brier Creek sub-basin of the Savannah River basin, except for a slice of the eastern portion of the county, north of Dearing and along a north–south line running through Boneville, which is located in the Middle Savannah River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin. The northern half of McDuffie County, north of Thomson, is located in the Little River sub-basin of the same Savannah River basin.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18809,449
18908,789−7.0%
19009,80411.5%
191010,3255.3%
192011,50911.5%
19309,014−21.7%
194010,87820.7%
195011,4435.2%
196012,62710.3%
197015,27621.0%
198018,54621.4%
199020,1198.5%
200021,2315.5%
201021,8753.0%
202021,632−1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[12]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 21,231 people, 7,970 households, and 5,857 families living in the county. The population density was 32/km2 (82/mi2). There were 8,916 housing units at an average density of 13/km2 (34/mi2). The racial makeup of the county was 60.8% White, 37.5% Black or African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. 1.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,970 households, out of which 36.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.70% were married couples living together, 19.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.50% were non-families. 23.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.90% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 11.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,920, and the median income for a family was $38,235. Males had a median income of $30,147 versus $20,499 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,005. About 14.10% of families and 18.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.00% of those under age 18 and 20.00% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 21,875 people, 8,289 households, and 5,964 families living in the county.[14] The population density was 85.0 inhabitants per square mile (32.8/km2). There were 9,319 housing units at an average density of 36.2 per square mile (14.0/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 57.2% white, 39.8% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.9% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.2% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 18.4% were American, 8.3% were English, 6.0% were Irish, and 5.4% were German.[16]

Of the 8,289 households, 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 21.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.0% were non-families, and 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 38.4 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $35,414 and the median income for a family was $42,472. Males had a median income of $34,300 versus $22,710 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,261. About 16.0% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.2% of those under age 18 and 20.1% of those age 65 or over.[17]

2020 census[edit]

McDuffie County racial composition[18]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 11,417 52.78%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 8,644 39.96%
Native American 45 0.21%
Asian 76 0.35%
Pacific Islander 13 0.06%
Other/Mixed 647 2.99%
Hispanic or Latino 790 3.65%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 21,632 people, 8,153 households, and 5,770 families residing in the county.

Education[edit]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Typical of many counties in Georgia and the Solid South, McDuffie County mainly backed candidates of the Democratic Party in presidential elections by wide margins prior to 1964. There were several exceptions to this, firstly between 1892 and 1908 when it supported Republican William McKinley and the Populist candidacies of James B. Weaver and favorite son Thomas E. Watson.[19]

United States presidential election results for McDuffie County, Georgia[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 6,169 59.00% 4,168 39.86% 119 1.14%
2016 5,432 58.61% 3,699 39.91% 137 1.48%
2012 5,475 57.00% 4,044 42.10% 86 0.90%
2008 5,400 57.11% 3,989 42.19% 66 0.70%
2004 4,846 62.29% 2,899 37.26% 35 0.45%
2000 3,926 59.94% 2,580 39.39% 44 0.67%
1996 3,254 50.96% 2,725 42.68% 406 6.36%
1992 2,955 45.69% 2,640 40.82% 873 13.50%
1988 3,231 65.04% 1,704 34.30% 33 0.66%
1984 3,284 62.08% 2,006 37.92% 0 0.00%
1980 1,928 41.17% 2,667 56.95% 88 1.88%
1976 1,694 35.91% 3,024 64.09% 0 0.00%
1972 2,990 75.01% 996 24.99% 0 0.00%
1968 1,324 32.89% 992 24.65% 1,709 42.46%
1964 2,657 70.27% 1,124 29.73% 0 0.00%
1960 1,039 49.06% 1,079 50.94% 0 0.00%
1956 649 38.45% 1,039 61.55% 0 0.00%
1952 933 44.32% 1,172 55.68% 0 0.00%
1948 58 3.87% 182 12.13% 1,260 84.00%
1944 187 19.04% 795 80.96% 0 0.00%
1940 75 7.20% 959 92.12% 7 0.67%
1936 98 12.11% 705 87.14% 6 0.74%
1932 29 4.80% 568 94.04% 7 1.16%
1928 381 55.62% 304 44.38% 0 0.00%
1924 37 6.61% 267 47.68% 256 45.71%
1920 109 22.20% 382 77.80% 0 0.00%
1916 65 10.82% 466 77.54% 70 11.65%
1912 106 27.46% 271 70.21% 9 2.33%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: McDuffie County, Georgia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Georgia.gov's McDuffie County Overview
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 194.
  5. ^ Georgia Encyclopedia: Wrightsborough, accessed October 2017.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  7. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
  12. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved February 16, 2014.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  18. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  19. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, p. 169 ISBN 0786422173
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 22, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°29′N 82°29′W / 33.48°N 82.48°W / 33.48; -82.48