McElroy Octagon House

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McElroy Octagon House
McElroy Octagon House (San Francisco) 2.JPG
The McElroy Octagon House in Gough St. San Francisco, California; structural concrete construction (built 1861)
McElroy Octagon House is located in San Francisco County
McElroy Octagon House
McElroy Octagon House
Location in San Francisco
McElroy Octagon House is located in California
McElroy Octagon House
McElroy Octagon House
McElroy Octagon House (California)
McElroy Octagon House is located in the United States
McElroy Octagon House
McElroy Octagon House
McElroy Octagon House (the United States)
LocationSan Francisco, California
Coordinates37°47′52″N 122°25′39″W / 37.79778°N 122.42750°W / 37.79778; -122.42750Coordinates: 37°47′52″N 122°25′39″W / 37.79778°N 122.42750°W / 37.79778; -122.42750
Built1861
Architectural styleOctagon Mode
NRHP reference No.72000250[1]
SFDL No.17
Added to NRHPFebruary 23, 1972

The McElroy Octagon House, also known as the Colonial Dames Octagon House, is a historic octagonal house now located at 2645 Gough Street at Union Street in the Cow Hollow neighborhood of San Francisco, California. On February 23, 1972, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places.[2] The house is open to the public for tours.

History[edit]

William C. McElroy (?–1869) and his spouse Harriet Shober (1816–1899) bought the lot on Gough Street in 1859.[3][4] McElroy was a wood miller by trade and he built the house between 1860 and 1861, across the street from its present location.[2][3] Originally the house was designed with two floors, with four rooms on each floor, and with a winding staircase in the middle of the building.[5] The McElroy family lived in the house until around the 1880s, when the house became a rental property.[3] Daniel O’Connell, a co-founder of the Bohemian Club, was one of the rental tenants.[3] In April 1906, the house was badly damaged during the 1906 Earthquake.[3] By 1909, the house was no longer owned by the McElroy family and it changed ownership many times.[3]

The house was vacant and neglected in 1951 when the National Society of the Colonial Dames of America in California bought it, moved it across the street and began its restoration.[3] The house was restored by University of California, Berkeley's former Dean of Architecture, Warren C. Perry.[5] During the restoration, the original layout of the house was changed so the space would be more functional as an event space.[5] By 1953, the building opened as a museum.[5]

The original location of the house (across the street) has condominiums that were built on the property in 1955.[5]

McElroy Octagon House, Feusier Octagon House, and the Marine Exchange Lookout Station[6][7][8] at Land's End are the only three remaining octagon houses in the city.[9][10][11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
  2. ^ a b "Asset Detail: McElroy Octagon House". National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. 1972. Retrieved 2020-03-02.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Dowd, Katie (2020-03-01). "The tin box that solved the mystery of San Francisco's Octagon House". SF Gate. Retrieved 2020-03-02.
  4. ^ "In Memoriam, Mrs. Harriet Shober McElroy". The San Francisco Call. National Endowment for the Humanities, Chronicling America. 1899-01-20. p. 9. ISSN 1941-0719. Retrieved 2020-03-02.
  5. ^ a b c d e Bevk, Alex (2012-06-01). "Then & Now: The Octagon House". Curbed SF. Retrieved 2020-03-02.
  6. ^ "Land's End Octagon House". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  7. ^ "Octagon house at Land's End - Richmond District Blog". Richmondsfblog.com. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  8. ^ Project, Western Neighborhods. "Octagon House at Land's End". Outsidelands.org. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  9. ^ "San Francisco Landmark #17: McElroy Octagon House". Noehill.com. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  10. ^ "National Register #72000250: McElroy Octagon House in San Francisco, California". Noehill.com. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  11. ^ "Union Street Shopping, Dining & Travel Guide for San Francisco". Unionstreetshop.com. Retrieved 5 October 2018.

External links[edit]