McGehee, Arkansas

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For people with the name McGehee, see McGehee (surname).
McGehee, Arkansas
City
McGeheeProducersIncMcGeheeArkansas.jpg
Location in Desha County and the state of Arkansas
Location in Desha County and the state of Arkansas
Coordinates: 33°37′32″N 91°23′40″W / 33.62556°N 91.39444°W / 33.62556; -91.39444Coordinates: 33°37′32″N 91°23′40″W / 33.62556°N 91.39444°W / 33.62556; -91.39444
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Desha
Area
 • Total 6.8 sq mi (17.5 km2)
 • Land 6.8 sq mi (17.5 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 144 ft (44 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,219
 • Density 620/sq mi (240/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 71654, 71666
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-42770
GNIS feature ID 0058148
Website cityofmcgehee.com

McGehee is a city in Desha County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 4,219 at the 2010 census.[1]

History[edit]

The history of the city of McGehee and the history of the railroad through McGehee are intricately interwoven. The history of the railroad dates back to 1870 when a railroad was constructed from Pine Bluff southeast through Varner, to Chicot County.

In April 1923, the Gulf Coast Lines and the International-Great Northern were acquired, forming the Missouri Pacific Lines.

Important in the history of the town of McGehee is the McGehee family which came to the area from Alabama in 1857. Benjamin McGehee, his wife, Sarah, a son, Abner, and daughters Laura and Mary settled on land that is now a part of McGehee. Abner McGehee, son of Benjamin and Sarah McGehee, purchased 240 acres (0.97 km2) of land on July 1, 1876, on which the town of McGehee was later to be located.

When the railroad came into McGehee in 1878 and continued south and southwest, people began to move into the area. Abner McGehee constructed a large commissary building and entered the mercantile business to accommodate the new arrivals.

One of the first buildings in the area was a sawmill. The lumber cut in this mill was used to build shotgun-type rent houses.

A post office was established in the McGehee commissary, and in 1879 Abner McGehee became the first postmaster. The post office was named McGehee and served between 400 and 500 people.

An order of incorporation was signed March 5, 1906. The first meeting of the town council was held July 21, 1906.

During World War II, the outskirts of McGehee was the site of an American detention camp used to house Japanese and Japanese-American civilians who had previously lived on the U.S. West Coast.

Today the economy of the area is largely dependent upon agriculture. The railroad has been largely replaced by the trucking industry which hauls farm products from the gins and grain bins of the area to their destination. From a population of 400 in 1879, McGehee has grown into a community of about 5,000 citizens. Port facilities on the Mississippi River are being developed, and the present highway system is rebuilt to accommodate increased traffic.

Geography[edit]

McGehee is located in southern Desha County at 33°37′32″N 91°23′40″W / 33.62556°N 91.39444°W / 33.62556; -91.39444 (33.625426, -91.394330).[2] U.S. Route 278 passes through the center of town, leading west 26 miles (42 km) to Monticello and intersecting U.S. Routes 65 and 165 on the southeast side of town. US 65/165 leads north 19 miles (31 km) to Dumas. The three highways lead south together for 4 miles (6 km) before splitting; US 65 and 278 continue south 17 miles (27 km) to Lake Village, while US 165 turns southwest and leads 19 miles (31 km) to Montrose.

According to the United States Census Bureau, McGehee has a total area of 6.8 square miles (17.5 km2), all land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,157
1920 2,368 104.7%
1930 3,488 47.3%
1940 3,663 5.0%
1950 3,854 5.2%
1960 4,448 15.4%
1970 4,683 5.3%
1980 5,671 21.1%
1990 4,997 −11.9%
2000 4,570 −8.5%
2010 4,219 −7.7%
Est. 2015 3,919 [3] −7.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 4,570 people, 1,836 households, and 1,259 families residing in the city. The population density was 711.7 people per square mile (274.8/km²). There were 2,044 housing units at an average density of 318.3 per square mile (122.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 56.72% White, 41.51% Black or African American, 0.57% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. 1.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,836 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 22.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 82.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,909, and the median income for a family was $25,270. Males had a median income of $31,429 versus $19,464 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,191. About 26.7% of families and 30.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.2% of those under age 18 and 23.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates the McGehee Post Office.[6]

Education[edit]

The McGehee School District operates two public schools, including McGehee Elementary School (PK through grade 6) and McGehee High School (grades 7 through 12). The mascot and athletic emblem is the Owl with red and white serving as the school colors.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): McGehee city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 13, 2015. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Post Office™ Location - MC GEHEE." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on July 27, 2011.

External links[edit]