McGraw, New York
McGraw, New York
Lamont Free Library
|• Total||0.99 sq mi (2.56 km2)|
|• Land||0.99 sq mi (2.56 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,158 ft (353 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,100/sq mi (410/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0956771|
McGraw is a village in Cortland County, New York, United States. The population was 1,053 at the 2010 census. The village is named after Samuel McGraw and is in the eastern part of the town of Cortlandville, east of the city of Cortland.
The community was first settled in 1805 by Samuel McGraw, who came with his wife and family from Vermont. He built a log cabin (no longer standing) and was followed by Jonathan Taylor and a handful of other New Englanders. McGrawville, as the settlement later came to be known, grew up on either side of the road near McGraw's initial homestead, taking advantage of water power on the adjacent Trout Brook to drive an early grist mill (1812) and a sawmill. An ashery was established at an early date to profit from the clearing of new farmlands in the surrounding area, and in 1818, the hamlet acquired its first store. In 1823, a cemetery was established within the boundary of the Main Street Historic District, and, by 1830, ten houses had been built within the small settlement."
Originally it was called McGrawville, and that name appears on an 1855 map, but it was officially incorporated as McGraw in 1869. (There is a hamlet McGrawville further west in Allegany County, New York.) In the 19th century the community styled itself as "Corset City".[why?]
The village was home to New-York Central College, McGrawville, an institution of higher learning founded by Free Baptists in 1849. The college was notable because it was the first college in the United States founded to accept all students, including both women and African Americans. About half of its students were African American. The college also employed three black professors, the first time in the United States where black professors taught white students. A smallpox epidemic, along with social and political opposition and financial problems, brought about the college's closure in 1859 or 1860.
In 1852 the village had "some five or six stores, one tavern, and three churches".
- Reuben G. Doud, Wisconsin businessman and legislator, born in McGraw
- Angeline Stickney Hall, American suffragist, abolitionist, and mathematician who taught at New-York Central College. Among her students was her eventual husband, astronomer Asaph Hall. The largest crater on Phobos is named for her.
- Asaph Hall, American astronomer who discovered the Mars satellites Phobos and Deimos, graduated from New-York Central College.
- Daniel Scott Lamont (February 9, 1851 – July 23, 1905), United States Secretary of War during Grover Cleveland's second term.
- Abram Pryne, Congregational minister, editor of the Central Reporter, an abolitionist newspaper published in McGrawville. Most famous for debating William Brownlow, a pro-slavery Tennessee newspaper editor, on slavery in Philadelphia in 1858; the debate was published. Member of the State Assembly in the 85th New York State Legislature in 1862, representing Wayne County.
- New-York Central College was the alma mater of Charles L. Reason, educator.
- McGrawville Express, 1847–1849, weekly (http://nyshistoricnewspapers.org/lccn/sn84024329/issues/first_pages/)
- Central Reporter, an abolitionist newspaper. The Cortland County Historical Society and Syracuse University each holds an issue from 1858.(https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn91066304/holdings/#tab=tab_newspapers)
- McGrawville Sentinel, 1878–1887, weekly (http://nyshistoricnewspapers.org/lccn/sn91066308/issues/first_pages/)
McGraw is located at  State Route 41 runs through the village, leading west 2 miles (3 km) to Interstate 81 and U.S. Route 11. Downtown Cortland is a further 2 miles (3 km) to the west. NY 41 leads east 4 miles (6 km) to the hamlet of Solon.(42.594547, -76.092899).
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,000 people, 382 households, and 270 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,015.7 people per square mile (394.0/km²). There were 444 housing units at an average density of 451.0 per square mile (174.9/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.20% White, 0.20% African American, 0.80% Native American, 0.20% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.90% of the population.
As of the census of 2000 the largest self-reported ancestry groups in McGraw were: · English - 31% · German - 13% · Irish - 12% · Dutch - 7% · Italian - 6% · French - 6% · Polish - 4% · Scottish - 1% · Scotch-Irish - 1% · Welsh - 1% · Greek - 1% · American Indian tribes, specified - 1% · Portuguese - 1%
There were 382 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the village, the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $33,750, and the median income for a family was $38,654. Males had a median income of $27,361 versus $22,063 for females. The per capita income for the village was $15,076. About 9.8% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over. The top 5 ethnic groups in McGraw are.· English - 31% · German - 13% · Irish - 12% · Dutch - 7% · Italian - 6%
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): McGraw village, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
- CNY Artifact Recovery (2013). "Samuel McGraw". Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- Peckham, Mark L. (1986). New York State Department of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation, Main Street Historic District, McGraw NY, nomination document, 1986, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places, Washington, D.C.019. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
- Browne, P. J. (1855). "Map of Cortland County, New York : from actual surveys". Eneas Smith (Cortland), and J. B. Shields (Philadelphia).
- Austin, William (May 23, 1852). "Letter to his family". Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Brownlow, William Gannaway; Pryne, Abram (1858). textsOught American slavery to be perpetuated? A debate between Rev. W.G. Brownlow and Rev. A. Pryne. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.