McKellar–Sipes Regional Airport
|McKellar–Sipes Regional Airport|
|IATA: MKL – ICAO: KMKL – FAA LID: MKL|
|Owner||City of Jackson & Madison County|
|Elevation AMSL||434 ft / 132 m|
McKellar–Sipes Regional Airport (IATA: MKL, ICAO: KMKL, FAA LID: MKL) is a public use airport located four nautical miles (7 km) west of the central business district of Jackson, a city in Madison County, Tennessee, United States. It is owned by the city and county. The airport is mostly used for general aviation, but is also served by one commercial airline, subsidized by the Essential Air Service program. SeaPort Airlines began its services to Memphis and Nashville on January 22, 2012.
As per the Federal Aviation Administration, this airport had 134 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008, 1,502 in 2009, and 2,545 in 2010. The National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015 categorized it as a general aviation airport based on 2008/2009 enplanements (the commercial service category requires at least 2,500 enplanements per year).
Facilities and aircraft
McKellar–Sipes Regional Airport covers an area of 807 acres (327 ha) at an elevation of 434 feet (132 m) above mean sea level. It has two asphalt paved runways: 2/20 is 6,006 by 150 feet (1,831 x 46 m) and 11/29 is 3,538 by 100 feet (1,078 x 30 m).
For the 12-month period ending March 30, 2011, the airport had 20,322 aircraft operations, an average of 55 per day: 85% general aviation, 10% military, 5% air taxi, and <1% scheduled commercial. At that time 48 aircraft were based at this airport: 50% single-engine, 25% multi-engine, 4% jet, 4% helicopter, and 17% military.
Airlines and destinations
The following airline offers scheduled passenger service:
|Air Choice One||St. Louis|
|Carrier||Passengers (arriving and departing)|
|Air Choice One||
|1||St. Louis Lambert (STL)||1,260||Air Choice One|
|2||Nashville International (BNA)||220||Seaport|
|3||Memphis International (MEM)||220||Seaport|
The airport was established by and originally named in memory of Kenneth Douglas McKellar (1869–1957), a U.S. senator from Tennessee. He helped to convince the Civil Works Administration to acquire the property and construct the initial runways and buildings during the winter of 1933-1934. Later in the 1930s, the Works Project Administration (WPA) expanded the airport and constructed additional buildings and other facilities.
In preparation for the eventual U.S. entry into World War II, the United States Army Air Corps sought to expand the nation's combat air forces by asking civilian flight schools to provide the primary phase of training for air cadets. Consequently, it contracted with civilian flying schools to provide primary flying training, with the graduates being moved on to basic and advanced training at regular military training airfields.
In April 1942 the airport was leased by the United States Army Air Forces and became a wartime flight training school. McKellar Field was assigned to the Southeast Training Center (later the Eastern Flying Training Command) as a primary (level 1) pilot training airfield. It was under the command of the 68th Flying Training Detachment, 29th Flying Training Wing. The airfield began training flying cadets under contract to Georgia Air Services, Inc. Flying training was performed with PT-17 Stearman biplanes as the primary trainer. It also had several Fairchild PT-19, Ryan PT-22 Recruits and PT-27 Kaydets assigned.
The physical facilities of McKellar Field included administrative buildings and quarters for officers and enlisted men, encircling a central location. A consolidated mess hall, which accommodated 1,000 enlisted men and a limited number of' officers, was located nearby. Adjacent to the mess hall was a Post Exchange, a Service Club and a dance floor.
The facility was inactivated on October 16, 1944 with the drawdown of AAFTC's pilot training program. It was declared surplus and turned over to the Army Corps of Engineers on September 30, 1945. Eventually it was discharged to the War Assets Administration (WAA) and became a civil airport.
McKellar–Sipes Regional Airport
After the war, the airport reverted to the control of the city and county, and was expanded over the years with new facilities to accommodate the needs of Jackson and Madison County. Nearly all of the wartime buildings erected at the airport were torn down or moved, although four of the wartime hangars remain in use at the airport. A few of the streets from McKellar Field remain visible in aerial photography but other than some isolated concrete remaining, the station area has been totally removed.
A military presence remains at the airport, with the Tennessee Army National Guard’s 1/230th Air Cavalry Squadron having an extensive support facility at the airport, equipped with UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters.
In the 1970s, the airport name was changed to McKellar–Sipes Regional Airport to honor Major Robert Ray "Buster" Sipes, a United States Air Force test pilot from Jackson, who was killed in 1969 when his RF-101 Vooodoo jet fighter crashed after takeoff from RAF Upper Heyford, Oxfordshire, England. A plaque is located in the Church of St. Peter & St. Paul at Steeple Aston to honor his memory. Sipes is buried at the Shiloh National Military Park cemetery.
- FAA Airport Master Record for MKL ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective April 5, 2012.
- "IATA Airport Code Search (MKL: Jackson / McKellar)". International Air Transport Association. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- "Enplanements for CY 2008" (PDF, 1.0 MB). CY 2008 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. December 18, 2009. External link in
- "Enplanements for CY 2010" (PDF, 189 KB). CY 2010 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2011. External link in
- "2011–2015 NPIAS Report, Appendix A" (PDF). National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF, 2.03 MB) on September 27, 2012. External link in
- "Jackson, TN: McKellar–Sipes Regional (MKL)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), U.S. Department of Transportation. December 2013. Retrieved Mar 2016. Check date values in:
- Carroll Van West (2001), Tennessee's New Deal Landscape: A Guidebook. University of Tennessee Press, ISBN 1572331089
- Cameron, Rebecca Hancock, 1999, Training to Fly. Military Flight Training 1907-1945, Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, Alabama
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.
- Shaw, Frederick J. (2004), Locating Air Force Base Sites History’s Legacy, Air Force History and Museums Program, United States Air Force, Washington DC, 2004.
- Manning, Thomas A. (2005), History of Air Education and Training Command, 1942–2002. Office of History and Research, Headquarters, AETC, Randolph AFB, Texas ASIN: B000NYX3PC
- Essential Air Service documents (Docket OST-2000-7857) from the U.S. Department of Transportation:
- Order 2005-6-14 (June 20, 2005): reselecting RegionsAir, Inc. d/b/a American Connection, formerly known as Corporate Airlines, to provide subsidized essential air service (EAS) at each of the above communities (Burlington, IA; Cape Girardeau, MO; Ft. Leonard Wood, MO; Jackson, TN; Marion/Herrin, IL; Owensboro, KY; Kirksville, MO) for a new two-year period from June 1, 2005, through May 31, 2007, for a combined annual subsidy of $7,306,249. Also by this order, the Department is terminating the show-cause proceeding tentatively terminating subsidy at Kirksville, Missouri, as RegionsAir's selected proposal is below the $200-per-passenger cap.
- Order 2007-3-5 (March 14, 2007): selecting Big Sky Transportation Co., d/b/a Big Sky Airlines, and Great Lakes Aviation, Ltd. to provide subsidized essential air service (EAS) at the above communities (Burlington, IA; Cape Girardeau, MO; Fort Leonard Wood, MO; Jackson, TN; Marion/Herrin, IL, Owensboro, KY) for the two-year period from June 1, 2007, through May 31, 2009, using 19-seat Beech 1900D turboprop aircraft as follows: Big Sky at Cape Girardeau, Jackson, and Owensboro for a combined annual subsidy of $3,247,440; and Great Lakes at Burlington, Fort Leonard Wood, and Marion/Herrin for a combined annual subsidy of $2,590,461.
- Order 2008-2-1 (February 6, 2008): selecting Great Lakes Aviation, Ltd. to provide subsidized essential air service at Cape Girardeau, Missouri and Jackson, Tennessee and Owensboro, Kentucky for the two-year period beginning when the carrier starts full EAS at all three communities.
- Order 2009-6-17 (June 22, 2009): selecting Pacific Wings, LLC to provide essential air service (EAS) at Owensboro, Kentucky, and Jackson, Tennessee, at a combined annual subsidy rate of $2,294,401 ($1,068,773 for Owensboro and $1,225,628 for Jackson), for a two-year period1 beginning when Pacific Wings inaugurates service.
- Order 2011-12-15 (December 22, 2011): selecting SeaPort Airlines, Inc. to provide subsidized essential air service (EAS) at Jackson, Tennessee, for a one-year period. The one-year period will begin when SeaPort inaugurates full EAS and will run through the end of the 12th month thereafter. This selection of SeaPort will provide Jackson with 12 nonstop round trips per week to Nashville International Airport (“Nashville”) and 6 nonstop round trips per week to Memphis International Airport (“Memphis”) using 9-passenger Cessna Grand Caravan aircraft at an annual subsidy rate of $1,149,703.
- Order 2014-4-26 (April 24, 2014): directing interested persons to show cause as to why the Department should not terminate the eligibility ... under the Essential Air Service (EAS) program based on criteria passed by Congress in the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (Public Law No. 112-95). We find that Jackson is within 175 miles of a large or medium hub, Memphis International Airport (MEM), a medium hub, and, thus, is subject to the 10-enplanement statutory criterion. We also find that during fiscal year 2013, Jackson generated a total of 4,865 passengers (inbound plus outbound). Consistent with the methodology described above, that results in an average of 7.8 enplanements per day, below the 10-enplanement statutory criterion necessary to remain eligible in the EAS program.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to McKellar Field (Airfield).|
- McKellar–Sipes Regional Airport, official web site
- (PDF), effective September 15, 2016
- FAA Terminal Procedures for MKL, effective September 15, 2016
- Resources for this airport: