McKinney, Texas

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McKinney, Texas
City
City of McKinney
One of McKinney's water towers in 2009.
One of McKinney's water towers in 2009.
Official logo of McKinney, Texas
Logo
Motto: "Unique by nature"
Location of McKinney in Collin County, Texas
Location of McKinney in Collin County, Texas
McKinney, Texas is located in USA
McKinney, Texas
McKinney, Texas
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°11′50″N 96°38′23″W / 33.19722°N 96.63972°W / 33.19722; -96.63972Coordinates: 33°11′50″N 96°38′23″W / 33.19722°N 96.63972°W / 33.19722; -96.63972
Country  United States of America
State  Texas
County Collin
Incorporated 1848
Government
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Brian Loughmiller[1]
 • City Council
Area
 • Total 62.9 sq mi (162.9 km2)
 • Land 62.2 sq mi (161.1 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)
Elevation 630 ft (192 m)
Population (2016 Estimate [2])
 • Total 161, 610
 • Density 2,494/sq mi (962.9/km2)
Demonym(s) McKinnian[citation needed]
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 75069-75071
Area code(s) 214/469/972
FIPS code 48-45744[3]
GNIS feature ID 1341241[4]
Website www.mckinneytexas.org

McKinney is a city in and the county seat of Collin County, Texas,[5] and the second in population to Plano. As of the 2010 census, the city's population was 131,117, making it the 19th-most populous city in Texas.[6] It is part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex, and is located about 37 miles (60 km) north of Dallas.

The Census Bureau listed McKinney as the nation's fastest-growing city from 2000 to 2003 and again in 2006, among cities with more than 50,000 people. In 2007, it was ranked second fastest-growing among cities with more than 100,000 people and in 2008 as third fastest.[7] The most recent population estimate, produced by the city as of January 1, 2016, is 161,905.[2]

History[edit]

On March 24, 1849, William Davis, who owned 3,000 acres (12 km2) where McKinney now stands, donated 120 acres (0.49 km2) for the townsite. Ten years later, McKinney incorporated, and in 1913, the town adopted the commission form of government.

Old Collin County Courthouse in Courthouse Square, 2016.

For the first 125 years of its history, McKinney served as the principal commercial center for the county. The county seat provided farmers with flour, corn, and cotton mills, cotton gins, a cotton compress, and a cottonseed oil mill, as well as banks, churches, schools, newspapers, and from the 1880s, an opera house. Businesses also came to include a textile mill, an ice company, a large dairy, and a garment-manufacturing company. The population grew from 35 in 1848 to 4,714 in 1912. By 1953, McKinney had a population of more than 10,000 and 355 businesses. The town continued to serve as an agribusiness center for the county until the late 1960s.

By 1970, McKinney was surpassed in size by Plano. McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. By the mid-1980s, the town had become a commuter center for residents who worked in Plano and Dallas. In 1985, it had a population of just over 16,000 and supported 254 businesses. Since then, McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic. In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 54,369 with 2,005 businesses, and in the Census Bureau's 2006 estimate, the population was 107,530. In 2009, McKinney celebrated its sesquicentennial. The estimated population for McKinney (January 2015) is 155,142.[2]

Both the city and the county were named for Collin McKinney, signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, and a congressman for the Red River district of the Republic of Texas. He was the author of a bill establishing counties in the northern part of the state.[8]

Geography[edit]

McKinney is located in west-central Collin County at 33°11′50″N 96°38′23″W / 33.197210°N 96.639751°W / 33.197210; -96.639751 (33°11′50″N 96°38′23″W / 33.197210°N 96.639751°W / 33.197210; -96.639751).[9]

McKinney's geographic neighbors are:

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 62.9 square miles (162.9 km2), of which 62.2 square miles (161.1 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.7 km2), or 1.07%, is covered by water.[10]

Climate[edit]

McKinney
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.4
 
 
53
31
 
 
2.9
 
 
58
35
 
 
3.4
 
 
66
42
 
 
3.7
 
 
73
51
 
 
5.7
 
 
80
61
 
 
4.1
 
 
88
69
 
 
2.4
 
 
93
72
 
 
2.2
 
 
93
71
 
 
3.2
 
 
85
64
 
 
4.2
 
 
76
53
 
 
3.7
 
 
63
42
 
 
3.2
 
 
55
34
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

McKinney is considered part of the humid subtropical region.

  • On average, the warmest month is July.
  • The highest recorded temperature was 118 °F (48 °C) in 1936.
  • On average, the coolest month is January.
  • The lowest recorded temperature was −7 °F (−22 °C) in 1930.
  • The maximum average precipitation occurs in May.

It is also part of the Texas blackland prairies, which means it gets hot summers because it is in the Sun Belt. Humidity makes temperatures feel higher, and winters are mild and are usually rainy, snowstorms occasionally occur. Spring is the wettest part of the year, which brings winds from the Gulf Coast.

Climate data for McKinney, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 87
(31)
95
(35)
97
(36)
100
(38)
105
(41)
108
(42)
112
(44)
118
(48)
110
(43)
99
(37)
93
(34)
89
(32)
118
(48)
Average high °F (°C) 52.5
(11.4)
58.1
(14.5)
65.6
(18.7)
73.3
(22.9)
80.2
(26.8)
87.7
(30.9)
92.7
(33.7)
92.6
(33.7)
85.4
(29.7)
75.7
(24.3)
63.2
(17.3)
54.8
(12.7)
73.5
(23.1)
Average low °F (°C) 31.1
(−0.5)
34.9
(1.6)
42.2
(5.7)
51.2
(10.7)
60.8
(16)
68.5
(20.3)
72.0
(22.2)
70.6
(21.4)
64.2
(17.9)
53.0
(11.7)
42.4
(5.8)
34.1
(1.2)
52.1
(11.2)
Record low °F (°C) −7
(−22)
−5
(−21)
7
(−14)
25
(−4)
27
(−3)
44
(7)
50
(10)
53
(12)
39
(4)
15
(−9)
11
(−12)
−4
(−20)
−7
(−22)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.43
(61.7)
2.91
(73.9)
3.37
(85.6)
3.65
(92.7)
5.68
(144.3)
4.11
(104.4)
2.36
(59.9)
2.16
(54.9)
3.15
(80)
4.24
(107.7)
3.71
(94.2)
3.24
(82.3)
41.01
(1,041.6)
Average snowfall inches (cm) .8
(2)
1.0
(2.5)
.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
.2
(0.5)
.2
(0.5)
2.3
(5.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.3 6.3 7.6 7.1 8.9 7.0 4.5 4.1 5.9 6.3 6.6 6.6 78.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) .8 1.0 .1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .1 .2 2.2
Source #1: NOAA
Source #2: The Weather Channel

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 315
1870 503
1880 1,479 194.0%
1890 2,489 68.3%
1900 4,342 74.4%
1910 4,714 8.6%
1920 6,677 41.6%
1930 7,307 9.4%
1940 8,555 17.1%
1950 10,560 23.4%
1960 13,763 30.3%
1970 15,193 10.4%
1980 16,249 7.0%
1990 21,283 31.0%
2000 54,369 155.5%
2010 131,117 141.2%
Est. 2015 162,898 [11] 24.2%
[12]

As of the 2010 census McKinney had a population of 131,117. The median age was 33. The racial composition of the population was 74.8% White, 10.5% Black, 0.7% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 3.1% reporting two or more races. About 18.6% of residents were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[13]

Of the 28,186 households, 45.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.2% were not families; 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city, the population was distributed as 30.9% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 36.4% from 25 to 44, 16.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $63,366, and for a family was $72,133. Males had a median income of $50,663 versus $32,074 for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,185. About 4.9% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Population growth and foreign-born population[edit]

Between 1970 and 1990, McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. Since then, McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic.[7] In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 54,369 and to 131,117 in the 2010 census.

As of the 2000 U.S. Census, 64% of the foreign-born residents of McKinney originated from Mexico. As of 2009, 70% of McKinney's total population born outside of the United States had arrived to the U.S. in the 1990s.[14]

Economy[edit]

According to the city's 2012 Annual Development Report,[15] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Raytheon 3,600
2 McKinney Independent School District 2,976
3 Collin County 1,700
4 Torchmark 1,100
5 Encore Wire 1,000
6 Walmart (three locations) 967
7 City of McKinney 894
8 Medical Center of McKinney 865
9 Watson & Chalin 800
10 Baylor Medical Center at McKinney 550

Government[edit]

Map from 1876

Local government[edit]

The Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (2009) states that the city's various funds had $194.8 million in Revenues, $182.5 million in expenditures, $144.5 million in total assets, $24.8 million in total liabilities, and $127.7 million in cash in investments.[16]

The McKinney City Council has seven members. Two council members and the mayor are elected at large, and four council members are elected to single-member districts.[1]

McKinney's City Manager serves under the direction of the City Council, and administers and coordinates the implementation of procedures, policies, and ordinances.[17]

The city of McKinney is a voluntary member of the North Central Texas Council of Governments association, the purpose of which is to coordinate individual and collective local governments and facilitate regional solutions, eliminate unnecessary duplication, and enable joint decisions.

State government[edit]

McKinney is represented in the Texas Senate by Republican Van Taylor, District 8, and Republican Craig Estes, District 30. McKinney is also represented in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Scott Sanford, District 70.

Federal government[edit]

At the federal level, the two U.S. senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz. McKinney is part of Texas' U.S. Congressional 3rd District, which is currently represented by Republican Sam Johnson.

Police department[edit]

The McKinney Police Department is the primary municipal law enforcement agency that serves the city. Chief Greg Conley is the head of the department, and for the fiscal year of 2014-2015 there was an authorized total of 188 sworn peace officers and 50 civilian staff.[18] The department is a Texas Police Chief's Association Foundation (TPCAF) Recognized Agency, a recognition given based on demonstrating that the department adheres to a set of best practices established by Texas law enforcement leaders.[19] In 2015, the department became the focus of media attention after a video was released showing an officer pinning a girl at a pool party in McKinney to the ground with his knees.[20]

Education[edit]

Colleges[edit]

McKinney is the home of the Central Park Campus of Collin College,[21] which opened in January 1986 and added a new library building in 2009.

Public school districts[edit]

McKinney is served primarily by the McKinney Independent School District, but some western areas of McKinney are zoned to nearby Frisco Independent School District or Prosper Independent School District and southern areas to Allen Independent School District.

Public high schools[edit]

High schools include McKinney High School, McKinney North High School, McKinney Boyd High School, and Serenity High School.

In the Newsweek ranking of schools throughout the nation for 2006, McKinney High School was ranked 191, out of 1000 schools on the list,[22] while McKinney North High School was ranked 237.[22] The original article incorrectly stated results for McKinney's two high schools,[23] but Newsweek updated its lists by June 2, 2007. In the 2008 rankings, McKinney High School was ranked 642 out of 1300 and McKinney North High School was ranked 771.[24]

Also, in The Dallas Morning News, McKinney North High School was ranked #4 in state and #3 in area for football.[full citation needed]

Public elementary and middle schools[edit]

Middle schools include Dowell Middle School, Evans Middle School, Faubion Middle School, Scott Johnson Middle School, and Cockrill Middle School.

Elementary schools include Bennett Elementary, Burks Elementary, Caldwell Elementary, Eddins Elementary, Finch Elementary, Glen Oaks Elementary, Johnson Elementary, Malvern Elementary, McNeil Elementary, Minshew Elementary, Slaughter Elementary, Valley Creek Elementary, Vega Elementary, Walker Elementary, Webb Elementary, Wilmeth Elementary, Wolford Elementary, Press Elementary, and McGowen Elementary.

Valley Creek, McNeil, Eddins, Wolford, Reuben Johnson, Walker, Press, and Glen Oaks elementary schools were included in a list of "Best Public Schools in Texas" by Texas Monthly magazine in 2006.[25]

Media[edit]

The McKinney Courier-Gazette is a daily newspaper published in McKinney, Texas, covering Collin County.[26] It is owned by American Community Newspapers.

The newspaper has a daily circulation of 4,400 and a Sunday circulation of 26,400.[27]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

McKinney is served by two U.S. Highways: US 75 and US 380. The city is also bordered by the Sam Rayburn Tollway, a toll road administered by the NTTA that runs to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.

Public transit consists of a fixed route bus service within the city that is provided by Texoma Area Paratransit System (TAPS), which has routes covering a large portion of the city that run weekdays from 5 am through 10 pm, with plans to expand coverage as needs dictate. TAPS has regular bus transfer routes to surrounding cities and a Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART) light rail station since, unlike nearby Plano, the light rail does not currently access McKinney. TAPS also operates an on-demand curb-to-curb ride service during weekdays for the general public that uses mobility vehicles specially designed to accommodate the disabled and elderly.

The far southwestern corner of McKinney, in the large Craig Ranch development, has a trolley bus operated for the use of residents that serves the development and some shopping centers in the surrounding area.

McKinney National Airport and Aero Country Airport are also located in McKinney and provide private and business air services.

Major highways[edit]

Railways[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Landmarks[edit]

  • Chestnut Square Historic Village
  • Collin County Historical Society and Museum
  • Heard-Craig Center for the Arts
  • Heard Natural Science Museum and Wildlife Sanctuary
  • McKinney Main Street
  • McKinney Performing Arts Center
  • McKinney Repertory Theater
  • Myers Park & Event Center
  • Pecan Grove Memorial Cemetery

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "City Council". City of McKinney. Retrieved March 2014.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. ^ a b c "McKinney Demographics, Census & Reports". 
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): All Places within Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 31, 2015. 
  7. ^ a b McCann, Ian (July 10, 2008). "McKinney falls to third in rank of fastest-growing cities in U.S.". The Dallas Morning News. 
  8. ^ "Profile for McKinney, Texas, TX". ePodunk. Retrieved August 14, 2012. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): McKinney city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 31, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  12. ^ http://www.texasalmanac.com/texas-towns/mckinney
  13. ^ 2010 US Census general population and housing characteristics report for McKinney
  14. ^ Brettell, Caroline B. '"Big D" Incorporating New Immigrants in a Sunbelt Suburban Metropolis' (Chapter 3). In: Singer, Audrey, Susan Wiley Hardwick, and Caroline Brettell. Twenty-First Century Gateways: Immigrant Incorporation in Suburban America (James A. Johnson metro series). Brookings Institution Press, 2009. ISBN 0815779283, 9780815779285. Start p. [books.google.com/books?id=bduAC5GaLScC&pg=PA53 53]. CITED: p. 61.
  15. ^ City of McKinney 2012 Annual Development Report Retrieved February 14, 2014
  16. ^ City of McKinney CAFR Retrieved June 7, 2009
  17. ^ "City Manager". City of McKinney. Retrieved March 2014.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  18. ^ "City of McKinney: Annual Budget 2014-2015". Retrieved April 3, 2015. 
  19. ^ "McKinney Police Department Agency Recognition". 
  20. ^ Zakalik, Lauren (June 8, 2015). "Texas police officer in pool party video identified". USA Today. Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  21. ^ http://www.collin.edu/
  22. ^ a b "The Top of the Class". Newsweek. Retrieved June 2, 2007. [dead link]
  23. ^ "McKinney Independent School District press release". Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved June 2, 2007. 
  24. ^ "The Top of the Class: The complete list of the 1,300 top U.S. high schools". Newsweek. Retrieved July 10, 2008. [dead link]
  25. ^ "Best Public Schools in Texas"
  26. ^ "McKinney Courier-Gazette". McKinney Courier-Gazette. Retrieved August 14, 2012. 
  27. ^ "The McKinney Courier-Gazette". Echo Media. Retrieved August 14, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Len Akin". Pro-Football Reference.com. Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  29. ^ "William Calhoun". texashistory.unt.edu. Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  30. ^ "Hollie Cavanagh". IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  31. ^ "Tommy Crutcher". Pro-Football Reference.com. Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  32. ^ "Kenneth E. Hagin". waymarking.com. Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  33. ^ "Lee Nguyen". asianplayers.com. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  34. ^ "Alex Puccio profile at IFSC". International Federation of Sports Climbing. Retrieved October 14, 2013. 
  35. ^ "About Johnny Quinn". Retrieved April 20, 2014. 
  36. ^ "Robert Richardson". racing-reference.info. Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  37. ^ "Scott Sanford's Biography". votesmart.org. Retrieved March 13, 2014. 
  38. ^ "Guinn Smith". Sports Reference. Retrieved November 2013.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  39. ^ "Throckmorton, James Webb". Handbook of Texas. Retrieved December 31, 2006. 

External links[edit]