McKinney, Texas

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McKinney, Texas
City
City of McKinney
One of McKinney's water towers in 2009.
One of McKinney's water towers in 2009.
Official logo of McKinney, Texas
Logo
Motto(s): "Unique by nature"
Location of McKinney in Collin County, Texas
Location of McKinney in Collin County, Texas
McKinney, Texas is located in the US
McKinney, Texas
McKinney, Texas
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°11′50″N 96°38′23″W / 33.19722°N 96.63972°W / 33.19722; -96.63972Coordinates: 33°11′50″N 96°38′23″W / 33.19722°N 96.63972°W / 33.19722; -96.63972
Country United States
State Texas
County Collin
Incorporated1848
Government
 • Typecouncil-manager
 • MayorGeorge Fuller[1]
 • City Council
Area
 • Total62.9 sq mi (162.9 km2)
 • Land62.2 sq mi (161.1 km2)
 • Water0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)
Elevation630 ft (192 m)
Population (2017 Estimate[2])
 • Total168,358 (US: 147th)
 • Density2,494/sq mi (962.9/km2)
Demonym(s)McKinnian[citation needed]
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes75069-75072
Area code(s)214/469/972
FIPS code48-45744[3]
GNIS feature ID1341241[4]
Websitewww.mckinneytexas.org

McKinney is a city in and the county seat of Collin County, Texas,[5] United States. It is Collin County's second-largest city, after Plano. Part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex, McKinney is about 32 miles (51 km) north of Dallas.

The Census Bureau listed McKinney as the nation's fastest-growing city from 2000 to 2003 and again in 2006, among cities with more than 50,000 people. In 2007, it was ranked second-fastest-growing among cities with more than 100,000 people and in 2008 as third-fastest.[6] In the 2010 census, the city's population was 131,117, making it Texas's 19th-most populous city.[7] The most recent population estimate, produced by the city as of January 1, 2018, is 179,804.[2] As of May 2017, McKinney City was the third-fastest-growing city in the United States.[8]

In 2014, McKinney was rated #1 by Money Magazine as "Best Place to Live" in America.[2]

History[edit]

On March 24, 1849, William Davis, who owned 3,000 acres (12 km2) where McKinney now stands, donated 120 acres (0.49 km2) for the townsite. Ten years later, McKinney incorporated, and in 1913, the town adopted the commission form of government.

Old Collin County Courthouse in Courthouse Square, 2016.

For the first 125 years of its history, McKinney served as the principal commercial center for the county. The county seat provided farmers with flour, corn, and cotton mills, cotton gins, a cotton compress, and a cottonseed oil mill, as well as banks, churches, schools, newspapers, and from the 1880s, an opera house. Businesses also came to include a textile mill, an ice company, a large dairy, and a garment-manufacturing company. The population grew from 35 in 1848 to 4,714 in 1912. By 1953, McKinney had a population of more than 10,000 and 355 businesses. The town continued to serve as an agribusiness center for the county until the late 1960s.

By 1970, McKinney was surpassed in size by Plano. McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. By the mid-1980s, the town had become a commuter center for residents who worked in Plano and Dallas. In 1985, it had a population of just over 16,000 and supported 254 businesses. Since then, McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic. In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 54,369 with 2,005 businesses and in the 2010 census the population had more than doubled to 131,117 residents.[9] The Census Bureau's most recent estimated population for McKinney (July 1, 2015) is 162,898.[9] The most recent population estimate, produced by the city as of January 1, 2017, is 168,358.[2]

Both the city and the county were named for Collin McKinney, signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, and a congressman for the Red River district of the Republic of Texas. He was the author of a bill establishing counties in the northern part of the state.[10]

Geography[edit]

McKinney is in west-central Collin County at 33°11′50″N 96°38′23″W / 33.197210°N 96.639751°W / 33.197210; -96.639751 (33°11′50″N 96°38′23″W / 33.197210°N 96.639751°W / 33.197210; -96.639751).[11] Some popular places in McKinney are the Historic Downtown McKinney, Heard Natural Science Museum & Wildlife Sanctuary and Towne Lake Recreation Area.

McKinney's geographic neighbors are:

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 62.9 square miles (162.9 km2), of which 62.2 square miles (161.1 km2) is land and 0.7 square mile (1.7 km2), or 1.07%, is covered by water.[12]

Climate[edit]

McKinney
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.4
 
 
53
31
 
 
2.9
 
 
58
35
 
 
3.4
 
 
66
42
 
 
3.7
 
 
73
51
 
 
5.7
 
 
80
61
 
 
4.1
 
 
88
69
 
 
2.4
 
 
93
72
 
 
2.2
 
 
93
71
 
 
3.2
 
 
85
64
 
 
4.2
 
 
76
53
 
 
3.7
 
 
63
42
 
 
3.2
 
 
55
34
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

McKinney is considered part of the humid subtropical region.

  • On average, the warmest month is July.
  • The highest recorded temperature was 118 °F (48 °C) in 1936.
  • On average, the coolest month is January.
  • The lowest recorded temperature was −7 °F (−22 °C) in 1930.
  • The maximum average precipitation occurs in May.

It is also part of the Texas blackland prairies, which means it gets hot summers because it is in the Sun Belt. Humidity makes temperatures feel higher, and winters are mild and are usually rainy; snowstorms occasionally occur. Spring is the wettest part of the year, which brings winds from the Gulf Coast.

Climate data for McKinney, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 87
(31)
95
(35)
97
(36)
100
(38)
105
(41)
108
(42)
112
(44)
118
(48)
110
(43)
99
(37)
93
(34)
89
(32)
118
(48)
Average high °F (°C) 52.5
(11.4)
58.1
(14.5)
65.6
(18.7)
73.3
(22.9)
80.2
(26.8)
87.7
(30.9)
92.7
(33.7)
92.6
(33.7)
85.4
(29.7)
75.7
(24.3)
63.2
(17.3)
54.8
(12.7)
73.5
(23.1)
Average low °F (°C) 31.1
(−0.5)
34.9
(1.6)
42.2
(5.7)
51.2
(10.7)
60.8
(16)
68.5
(20.3)
72.0
(22.2)
70.6
(21.4)
64.2
(17.9)
53.0
(11.7)
42.4
(5.8)
34.1
(1.2)
52.1
(11.2)
Record low °F (°C) −7
(−22)
−5
(−21)
7
(−14)
25
(−4)
27
(−3)
44
(7)
50
(10)
53
(12)
39
(4)
15
(−9)
11
(−12)
−4
(−20)
−7
(−22)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.43
(61.7)
2.91
(73.9)
3.37
(85.6)
3.65
(92.7)
5.68
(144.3)
4.11
(104.4)
2.36
(59.9)
2.16
(54.9)
3.15
(80)
4.24
(107.7)
3.71
(94.2)
3.24
(82.3)
41.01
(1,041.6)
Average snowfall inches (cm) .8
(2)
1.0
(2.5)
.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
.2
(0.5)
.2
(0.5)
2.3
(5.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.3 6.3 7.6 7.1 8.9 7.0 4.5 4.1 5.9 6.3 6.6 6.6 78.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) .8 1.0 .1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .1 .2 2.2
Source #1: NOAA
Source #2: The Weather Channel

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850315
1870503
18801,479194.0%
18902,48968.3%
19004,34274.4%
19104,7148.6%
19206,67741.6%
19307,3079.4%
19408,55517.1%
195010,56023.4%
196013,76330.3%
197015,19310.4%
198016,2497.0%
199021,28331.0%
200054,369155.5%
2010131,117141.2%
Est. 2017181,330[13]38.3%
[14]

As of the 2010 census McKinney had a population of 131,117. The median age was 33. The racial composition of the population was 74.8% White, 10.5% Black, 0.7% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 3.1% reporting two or more races. About 18.6% of residents were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[15]

Of the 28,186 households, 45.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.2% were not families; 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city, the population was distributed as 30.9% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 36.4% from 25 to 44, 16.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $63,366, and for a family was $72,133. Males had a median income of $50,663 versus $32,074 for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,185. About 4.9% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Population growth and foreign-born population[edit]

Between 1970 and 1990, McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. Since then, McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic.[6] In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 54,369 and to 131,117 in the 2010 census.

As of the 2000 U.S. Census, 64% of the foreign-born residents of McKinney originated from Mexico. As of 2009, 70% of McKinney's total population born outside of the United States had arrived to the U.S. in the 1990s.[16] In May 2017, the US Census Bureau reported that McKinney City, Texas was the third fastest-growing city in the United States. It had a 5.9% growth rate between 2015 and 2016.[8]

Economy[edit]

According to the city's 2016 Annual Development Report,[17] the top 5 private employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Raytheon 2,607
2 Encore Wire Corporation 1,350
3 Torchmark Corporation 1,300
4 Medical Center of McKinney 970
5 Baylor Scott & White Medical Center at McKinney 688

Government[edit]

Map from 1876

Local government[edit]

The Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (2016) states that the city's various funds had $324.6 million in total revenues, $247.9 million in total expenditures, $1,360.8 million in total assets, $437.6 million in total liabilities, and $363.9 million in cash and investments.[18]

The McKinney City Council has seven members. Two council members and the mayor are elected at large, and four council members are elected to single-member districts.

McKinney's City Manager serves under the direction of the City Council, and administers and coordinates the implementation of procedures, policies, and ordinances.[19]

The city of McKinney is a voluntary member of the North Central Texas Council of Governments association, the purpose of which is to coordinate individual and collective local governments and facilitate regional solutions, eliminate unnecessary duplication, and enable joint decisions.

State government[edit]

McKinney is represented in the Texas Senate by Republican Van Taylor, District 8, and Republican Craig Estes, District 30. McKinney is also represented in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Scott Sanford, District 70.

Federal government[edit]

At the federal level, the two U.S. senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz. McKinney is part of Texas's U.S. Congressional 3rd District, which is represented by Republican Sam Johnson.

Police department[edit]

The McKinney Police Department is the primary municipal law enforcement agency that serves the city. Chief Greg Conley is the head of the department and for fiscal year 2016–17 there was an authorized total of 201 sworn peace officers and 59 non-sworn civilian positions.[20] The department was awarded national accredited status from the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA)[21] and is also a Texas Police Chief's Association Foundation (TPCAF) Recognized Agency,[22] making it only the third agency in Texas to receive both state and national accreditation.[20] Notable recent incidents in the department's history include the high-profile investigation of a 2004 quadruple homicide that claimed the lives of two adults and two high school football players,[23] a 2010 attack on the police department headquarters by a gunman who fired over 100 rifle rounds at the building and employees after attempting to detonate a truck and trailer full of explosives,[24] and protests and media attention in 2015 after a video was released showing an officer pinning a girl at a pool party in McKinney to the ground with his knees.[25] The department has lost three officers in the line of duty: City Marshal Samuel Burks in 1902,[26] Officer Marion Taylor in 1938,[27] and Officer Milligan Burk in 1970.[28]

Education[edit]

Colleges[edit]

McKinney is the home of the Central Park Campus of Collin College near the city's center at US 75 and US 380, which opened in 1985 as the initial campus for the community college district.[29] The Collin Higher Education Center campus of Collin College opened in southern McKinney in 2010 and offers select bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degree programs in partnership with Texas A&M University-Commerce, Texas Woman's University, The University of Texas at Dallas, and the University of North Texas.[30]

Public school districts[edit]

Two-thirds of McKinney residents are within the McKinney Independent School District; the remaining third are part of Frisco Independent School District, Prosper Independent School District, Allen Independent School District, Melissa Independent School District, Lovejoy Independent School District, or Celina Independent School District.[31]

Five of the seven school districts serving the city placed in the top 5% in the Niche 2018 Best School Districts in America rankings; Allen ISD ranked #33 nationally, Frisco ISD ranked #60, Prosper ISD ranked #73, Lovejoy ISD ranked #78, and McKinney ISD ranked #268.[32]

Public high schools[edit]

For high school, the two thirds of the city's students who are in McKinney ISD attend McKinney High School, McKinney North High School, McKinney Boyd High School, or Serenity High School. The remaining third of McKinney students attend Liberty High School, Independence High School, Heritage High School, Prosper High School, Allen High School, Melissa High School, Lovejoy High School, or Celina High School.

In the 2018 U.S. News & World Report High School Rankings, Lovejoy High School ranked #49 in Texas rankings and #283 in National rankings; McKinney North High School ranked #76 and #627, respectively, McKinney Boyd High School ranked #85 and #722, respectively, Frisco Liberty High School ranked #92 and #770, respectively, Prosper High School ranked #124 and #1100, respectively, and Allen High School ranked #130 and #1228, respectively.[33]

Public charter schools[edit]

Imagine International Academy of North Texas is a no-tuition open-enrollment public charter school for grades K–12 in McKinney. It is open to students within any school district that serves McKinney residents. It is state-funded, independently run, and not part of any school district.[34]

Private schools[edit]

There are two private schools in the city that serve all grades from K–12, McKinney Christian Academy and Cornerstone Christian Academy.

Media[edit]

The McKinney Courier-Gazette is a daily newspaper published in McKinney, Texas, covering Collin County.[35] It is owned by American Community Newspapers.

The newspaper has a daily circulation of 4,400 and a Sunday circulation of 26,400.[36]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

McKinney is served by two U.S. Highways: US 75 and US 380. The city is also bordered by the Sam Rayburn Tollway, a toll road administered by the North Texas Tollway Authority that runs to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.

McKinney no longer has public transit after financial troubles caused Texoma Area Paratransit System (TAPS) to stop offering contracted service in the city in 2015.[37] As of late 2016 the city is pursuing a designation as an Urban Transit District to allow it to directly receive state and federal funds to re-establish some form of public transit.[38]

The far southwestern corner of McKinney, in the large Craig Ranch development, has a trolley bus that serves the development and some shopping centers in the surrounding area.

Major highways[edit]

Air[edit]

McKinney National Airport and Aero Country Airport provide private and business air services.

Railways[edit]

Dallas, Garland and Northeastern Railroad (DGNO)

Notable people[edit]

Landmarks[edit]

  • Chestnut Square Historic Village
  • Collin County Historical Society and Museum
  • Heard-Craig Center for the Arts
  • Heard Natural Science Museum and Wildlife Sanctuary
  • McKinney Main Street
  • McKinney Performing Arts Center
  • McKinney Repertory Theater
  • Myers Park & Event Center
  • Pecan Grove Memorial Cemetery

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "McKinney, TX - Official Website". Mckinneytexas.org. Archived from the original on December 2, 2016. Retrieved December 2, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d "McKinney Demographics, Census & Reports".
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ a b McCann, Ian (July 10, 2008). "McKinney falls to third in rank of fastest-growing cities in U.S." The Dallas Morning News.
  7. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): All Places within Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
  8. ^ a b Mary Bowerman (May 25, 2017). "The Census Bureau shows the fastest-growing cities in the U.S. are ..." USA Today. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Census QuickFacts, McKinney, Texas".
  10. ^ "Profile for McKinney, Texas, TX". ePodunk. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  12. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): McKinney city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 20, 2018.
  14. ^ "Mckinney". Texas Almanac. Retrieved December 2, 2016.
  15. ^ 2010 US Census general population and housing characteristics report for McKinney
  16. ^ Brettell, Caroline B. '"Big D" Incorporating New Immigrants in a Sunbelt Suburban Metropolis' (Chapter 3). In: Singer, Audrey, Susan Wiley Hardwick, and Caroline Brettell. Twenty-First Century Gateways: Immigrant Incorporation in Suburban America (James A. Johnson metro series). Brookings Institution Press, 2009. ISBN 0815779283, 9780815779285. Start p. [books.google.com/books?id=bduAC5GaLScC&pg=PA53 53]. CITED: p. 61.
  17. ^ "issue_id":350785,"numpages":1,"page":6} "City of McKinney 2016 Annual Development Report".
  18. ^ City of McKinney CAFR Retrieved April 10, 2017
  19. ^ "City Manager | McKinney, TX - Official Website". Mckinneytexas.org. Retrieved December 2, 2016.
  20. ^ a b "McKinney Police Department - About Us".
  21. ^ "McKinney Police Department - Agency Accreditation".
  22. ^ "McKinney Police Department - Agency Recognition".
  23. ^ Derryberry, Dylan (March 7, 2014). "Truett St Tragedy Then and Now". Town Square Buzz. Retrieved December 2, 2016.
  24. ^ Heinz, Frank (August 17, 2010). "Man Fires More Than 100 Rounds at Police Headquarters". NBC 5 Dallas Fort Worth. Retrieved December 2, 2016.
  25. ^ Zakalik, Lauren (June 8, 2015). "Texas police officer in pool party video identified". USA Today. Retrieved June 9, 2015.
  26. ^ "Officer Down Memorial Page, City Marshal Samuel Perry Burks, McKinney Police Department, Texas".
  27. ^ "Officer Down Memorial Page, Patrol Officer Marion E. Taylor, McKinney Police Department, Texas".
  28. ^ "Officer Down Memorial Page, Patrolman Milligan Ray Burk, McKinney Police Department, Texas".
  29. ^ "Collin College". Collin.edu. Retrieved December 2, 2016.
  30. ^ "Collin Higher Education Center".
  31. ^ "McKinney's city and ETJ land zoned for 7 school districts".
  32. ^ "2018 Best School Districts in McKinney".
  33. ^ "U.S. News Best High Schools".
  34. ^ "McKinney charter school opens academic year as International Baccalaureate World School".
  35. ^ "McKinney Courier-Gazette". McKinney Courier-Gazette. Archived from the original on February 1, 2013. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
  36. ^ "The McKinney Courier-Gazette". Echo Media. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
  37. ^ Beattie, Chris (November 20, 2015). "McKinney cuts ties to TAPS, seeks interim public transit provider". McKinney Courier-Gazette. Retrieved December 2, 2016.
  38. ^ Light, Nanette (October 5, 2016). "McKinney working to roll public transportation back to city after exit left disabled, elderly stranded". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved December 2, 2016.
  39. ^ "Len Akin". Pro-Football Reference.com. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
  40. ^ "William Calhoun". texashistory.unt.edu. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
  41. ^ "Hollie Cavanagh". IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
  42. ^ "Tommy Crutcher". Pro-Football Reference.com. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
  43. ^ "Kenneth E. Hagin". waymarking.com. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
  44. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/01/us/spelling-bee-koinonia-karthik-nemmani.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  45. ^ "Lee Nguyen". asianplayers.com. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  46. ^ "Alex Puccio profile at IFSC". International Federation of Sports Climbing. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
  47. ^ "About Johnny Quinn". Retrieved April 20, 2014.
  48. ^ "Robert Richardson". racing-reference.info. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
  49. ^ "Scott Sanford's Biography". votesmart.org. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  50. ^ Jeff Faraudo. "Bay Area's Guinn Smith won pole vaulting gold in last London Olympics, in 1948 – The Mercury News". Mercurynews.com. Retrieved December 2, 2016.
  51. ^ "Throckmorton, James Webb". Handbook of Texas. Retrieved December 31, 2006.

External links[edit]