McLaren Senna

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McLaren Senna
McLaren Senna IMG 3279.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerMcLaren Automotive
Also calledP15 Aina (internal code)
Production2018–present[1]
500 Senna made
75 Senna GTR made
20 Senna LM made
5 Senna GTR LM made
Model years2019–present
AssemblyWoking, Surrey, England
DesignerRobert Melville[2]
Body and chassis
ClassSports Car (S)
Body style2-door coupé
LayoutRear mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive
PlatformMonoCage III carbon fiber monocoque
DoorsDihedral
RelatedMcLaren 720S
McLaren Speedtail
McLaren Elva
Powertrain
Engine4.0 L M840TR twin-turbocharged V8
Power output800 PS (588 kW; 789 hp)
590 lb⋅ft (800 N⋅m)
Transmission7-speed dual-clutch
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,670 mm (105.1 in)
Length4,744 mm (186.8 in)[3]
Width2,153 mm (84.8 in)[4]
Height1,195 mm (47.0 in)[5]
Curb weight1,374 kg (3,029 lb)[6]

The McLaren Senna is a limited-production mid-engined sports car manufactured by McLaren Automotive. The car is the third addition in the McLaren Ultimate Series, joining the F1 and the P1; however, it is not a direct successor to either of the cars. The Senna was unveiled online by the company on 10 December 2017,[7] with the official unveiling taking place at the 2018 Geneva Motor Show.[8][9]

Nomenclature[edit]

Ayrton Senna

The car is named after the Brazilian Formula One race driver Ayrton Senna, honouring and giving tribute to his success with the McLaren Formula One Team between 1988 and 1993 Formula 1 seasons. Senna won three Formula One World Drivers' Championship titles and thirty-five Formula One Grand Prix race wins with the team;[10] McLaren also won four consecutive Formula One World Constructor's Championship titles with Senna as part of their driver line-up.

McLaren Automotive holds the rights to the Senna family name along with the Instituto Ayrton Senna.[10][11] The organisation and McLaren have made the Senna name exclusive to the car, thereby prohibiting any other company from using the name.[11][12]

Specifications and Performance[edit]

Design[edit]

Exterior[edit]

McLaren Senna Prototype front view
McLaren Senna Prototype rear view

McLaren's main focus while designing the Senna was to achieve faster lap times. In order to do so, McLaren developed a lightweight design that incorporated aerodynamic elements.[13]

The Senna is largely based on the McLaren 720S, using a modified version of its carbon fibre monocoque and engine. The Senna is powered by a modified version of the McLaren 720S' 3,994 cc (4.0 L; 243.7 cu in) twin-turbocharged V8 engine codenamed the M840TR. It utilises a seven-speed dual-clutch transmission that delivers all 800 PS (588 kW; 789 hp) at 7,250 rpm and 590 lb⋅ft (800 N⋅m) of torque at 5,500 rpm to the rear wheels.[8][14][15] Unlike the previous offering in the Ultimate Series, the McLaren P1, the Senna does not use an electric motor in favour of its low claimed dry weight of 1,198 kg (2,641 lb), which allows for a maximum power-to-weight ratio of 667 PS (491 kW; 658 hp) per ton.[14]

The car has many aerodynamic elements, there being a large adjustable double-element rear wing (that is operated electronically and has various settings in order to provide optimum performance while also acting as an airbrake), double-element diffuser, Formula One-inspired roof scoop, front and side air intakes, rear air louvres, and large front fenders. Inside the panel beside the intakes is a small set of mini-canards. Areas of low pressure are accompanied using high-performance radiators that ensure improved engine cooling.[16] The car uses dihedral doors, like the previous offerings in the Ultimate Series, and also has optional windows applied on the lower area of its doors.[17]

The Senna uses a new generation of Brembo's carbon ceramic brakes, containing a compound that has three and a half times better thermal conductivity than before, making the brakes smaller and lighter. It also features a new set of lightweight center-lock alloy wheels designed for Pirelli P-Zero Trofeo R tyres. Its central design is a new generation of McLaren's carbon fibre monocoque named MonoCage III, which contributes to the car's relatively low dry weight. The car utilises a top mounted (hot-vee) inconel-titanium exhaust system with three outlet pipes in order for a more aggressive exhaust note and engine emissions.[12][16]

Interior[edit]

McLaren Senna Interior

The interior consists largely of exposed carbon fibre and Alcantara, with seats that can be upholstered in Alcantara or leather, depending on the customer's preference.[9] Behind the two seats is room large enough for two helmets and race suits, reflecting the car's minimalist and track focused design. The car utilises McLaren's hydraulic RaceActive Chassis Control II (RCC II) suspension along with double-wishbone control arms.[9][15]

Performance statistics[edit]

Manufacturer claimed figures: In February 2018, McLaren released the full performance statistics of the track-oriented Senna model:[18]

Independent test (done by Autocar):

  • 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) in 3.1 seconds
  • 0–161 km/h (0–100 mph) in 5.5 seconds
  • 0–193 km/h (0–120 mph) in 7.1 seconds
  • 0–290 km/h (0–180 mph) in 19.8 seconds
  • Standing 1/4 mile in 10.4 seconds.[20]

Production[edit]

Every car was hand-built at the McLaren Production Centre in Woking, Surrey, England with a production run of just 500 units, all of which are already sold.[8][9] The McLaren Senna is listed at a price of £750,000 with the final car auctioned at a price of £1,916,793.[9][14][21] Deliveries began in the third quarter of 2018.[17]

McLaren Senna GTR[edit]

McLaren Senna GTR Concept front view
McLaren Senna GTR Concept rear view
Senna GTR production version
McLaren Senna GTR front view

At the 2018 Geneva Motor Show, McLaren unveiled the concept version of the track-only iteration of the Senna dubbed the Senna GTR. The production Senna GTR unveiled two years later has a different bodywork from the concept, with a different wing setup, toned-down aerodynamics, and utilizes a dual-clutch race transmission for faster gear shifts, a revised suspension system and Pirelli racing slicks in order to make it the fastest non-Formula One vehicle McLaren has ever created for faster lap times. The Senna GTR is estimated to produce at least 825 PS (607 kW; 814 hp) from its 4.0 L twin-turbocharged V8 engine and is meant to be faster and more agile than its road-going counterpart. On the exterior, the GTR utilizes wider front and rear fenders, a larger front splitter, new wheels and a bigger rear diffuser in order to make the car generate about 1,000 kg (2,204 lb) of downforce. The Senna GTR will be limited to only 75 examples.[22][23]

In reviewing the future regulations for the World Endurance Championship, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) identified the Senna GTR as one of several models that fit their vision of a replacement for the Le Mans Prototype class.[24][25] It was also a competitor at the 2019 Goodwood Festival of Speed.

McLaren Senna XP[edit]

In December 2019, it was revealed that McLaren of Beverly Hills had acquired three development prototypes (called the "Senna XPs") of the Senna and had commissioned McLaren to convert them to production cars. The three cars celebrate amazing events of Ayrton Senna's F1 career. All three cars have a gloss black carbon fiber exterior with accents of the flag of the country where the event happened. They also have Ayrton Senna's car number at the time on the wing endplates.[26]

McLaren Senna XP "Master of Monaco"[edit]

The McLaren Senna XP "Master of Monaco" celebrates Senna's six wins at the Monaco F1 Grand Prix. The car has red leather seats with the flag of Monaco embroidered on the head rests, and red carbon fiber interior trim. The number 12 is written on the wing endplates. The car has been owned by rapper Post Malone.[27]

McLaren Senna XP "Lap of the Gods"[edit]

The McLaren Senna XP "Lap of the Gods" celebrates Senna's opening lap in the wet at Donington in 1993 when he drove from fifth place to first in less than a lap. The car has blue leather seats with the UK flag embroidered on the head rests, and blue carbon fiber interior trim. The number 8 is written on the wing endplates.

McLaren Senna XP "Home Victory"[edit]

The McLaren Senna XP "Home Victory" celebrates Senna's 1991 victory in Brazil. The car has green leather seats with the Brazilian flag embroidered on the head rests, and green carbon fiber interior trim. The number 1 is written on the wing endplates.

McLaren Senna LM[edit]

McLaren Senna LM

The McLaren Senna LM is a track-oriented variant of the Senna, made by the McLaren Special Operations department and Lanzante Motorsport. The bodywork remains the same as the standard Senna, but has components from the Senna GTR. The unique orange livery is a homage to the McLaren F1 LM, which itself is made from inspiration to celebrate the winning F1 GTR that won the 1995 Le Mans. The Senna LM also features polished ports and cylinder heads, OZ center-lock wheels with a retro design, satin-gold-tipped quad exhausts, louvers on the front fenders, the removal of the clear panel in the doors from the standard Senna, titanium panels and LM branding. Power of the 4-liter twin-turbo V8 is now up to 814 hp, which matches the Senna GTR.[28] Only 20 units will be produced, with 5 units to the US market and 3 right-hand drive units.[29] One of these models was destroyed in a road accident in 2020 by former Formula One driver Adrian Sutil.[30]

McLaren Senna GTR LM[edit]

McLaren, specifically its Special Operations department, officially unveiled the McLaren Senna GTR LM, the road-legal iteration of the trackday-only Senna GTR, online on September 17, 2020. It is not to be confused with the standard McLaren Senna LM. Only five units have been made, and each has a unique paint scheme reflecting the five McLaren F1 GTRs at the 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans. All have been sold: two to a customer in the US, two to a customer in Spain, and one to a customer in the United Kingdom. The cars were made to celebrate the 25th anniversary of McLaren's win at LeMans. They feature OZ Racing wheels and have the same bodywork as the Senna GTR. Power has been increased to 833 hp, higher than any other Senna variant to date. The redline is also increased from 8250 rpm up to 9000 rpm.[31]

825/1[edit]

The first unit of the Senna GTR LM is called the 825/1. This car pays homage to the winning F1 GTR, codenamed the McLaren F1/01R, a.k.a. "The Ueno Clinic car". The 825/1, like its inspiration, has a one-of-a-kind charcoal-grey paint scheme and even features the various driving lamps from its predecessor.[31]

825/6[edit]

The second unit of the Senna GTR LM is called the 825/6. This car reflects the F1 GTR that came in third, codenamed the McLaren F1/06R, a.k.a. "The Harrods car". The 825/6 has Solar Yellow livery, with the stripe in the middle in Heritage Green.

825/2[edit]

The third unit of the Senna GTR LM is the 825/2. This car is based on the F1 GTR that came in fourth, codenamed the McLaren F1/02R, a.k.a. "The Gulf car". The 825/2's color scheme is an exact replica of the iconic color Gulf Racing Blue and has Ayrton Senna's signature recreated on the rear quarter of the body. This is the only vehicle to have the wheels painted orange.

825/7[edit]

The fourth unit of the Senna GTR LM is the 825/7. This car is a tribute to the F1 GTR that finished in fifth place, codenamed the McLaren F1/07R, a.k.a. "The Jacadi car". The 825/7 has a royal blue livery with the logos of Elf, a French oil company that sponsored the Giroix Racing Team that ran the car.

825/5[edit]

The fifth and last unit of the Senna GTR LM is the 825/5. This example pays homage to the F1 GTR that came in thirteenth, codenamed the McLaren F1/05R. The 825/5 took the longest time out of all the vehicles to paint as it uses extensive airbrushing to include lap times and Le Mans branding cues.

McLaren Sabre[edit]

In December 2020, McLaren unveiled the Sabre, a McLaren model claimed to be exclusively made for the US market, with design inspirations heavily stemming from the McLaren Ultimate Vision Gran Turismo, while borrowing a few key aerodynamic elements from the McLaren Senna. The car was developed by MSO and only 16 cars will be produced. Only 13 Sabres went to the United States, despite original claims of US-exclusivity. One Sabre went to Lebanon, one Sabre went to Qatar, and one Sabre went to Bahrain. The non-hybrid twin-turbocharged 4.0-liter V8 engine is now rated at 824 hp and the car's top speed is 218 mph. McLaren claims the Sabre to be the fastest two-seat McLaren when it came out as the McLaren F1 and McLaren Speedtail both have three seats.[32]

Gallery[edit]

Marketing[edit]

A 1:1 scale version of LEGO McLaren Senna was made in 2019.[33][34]

The car appears in the Forza series as both a drivable car and a cover car, most specifically in Forza Horizon 4. The car is also playable in Forza Horizon 5.

McLaren Senna 'Ride-On' electric children model cars went on sale in 2020, with yellow with green accents version only sold through McLaren retailers.[35][36]

LEGO Technic McLaren Senna GTR went on sale in 2021-01-01.[37][38] The vehicle also appears in Asphalt 9: Legends,[39][40] but player can only race against it and not own the in-game vehicle. LEGO also made a version of the car for their Speed Champions series in 2019

References[edit]

  1. ^ Padeanu, Adrian (9 December 2017). "McLaren Senna, production". motor1.com. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  2. ^ "The man behind the McLaren Senna's distinctive looks". uk.motor1.com. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  3. ^ "McLaren Senna Technical Specification" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 May 2019. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  4. ^ "McLaren Senna Technical Specification" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 May 2019. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  5. ^ "McLaren Senna Technical Specification" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 May 2019. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  6. ^ Quiroga, Tony (31 December 2018). "The 2019 McLaren Senna Assaults All Your Senses—But Mostly Your Hearing". Car and Driver. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
  7. ^ McLaren Automotive (11 December 2017), The McLaren Senna Revealed, retrieved 11 December 2017
  8. ^ a b c "2019 McLaren Senna Unveiled: 778 BHP Street-Legal Hypercar For The Roads - NDTV CarAndBike". CarAndBike. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  9. ^ a b c d e "McLaren Senna is Brand's New 789-HP Ultimate Series Model | Automobile Magazine". Automobile Magazine. 9 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  10. ^ a b "McLaren names latest hypercar after Senna". ESPN.com. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  11. ^ a b "The McLaren Senna - Challenge The Impossible". cars.mclaren.com. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  12. ^ a b "2019 McLaren Senna Hypercar Official Photos and Info | News | Car and Driver". Car and Driver. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  13. ^ "McLaren Senna: Because the P1 Wasn't Hardcore Enough". Road & Track. 10 December 2017. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  14. ^ a b c "2019 McLaren Senna is a street-legal race car - LeftLaneNews". www.leftlanenews.com. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  15. ^ a b "This is the McLaren Senna -- your true F1 successor". Autoweek. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  16. ^ a b Banks, Nargess. "Introducing Senna: McLaren's $1m Ultimate Road-Legal Track Car". Forbes. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  17. ^ a b Brownell, Bradley. "The McLaren Senna Is An Uncompromising Track Car Here To Storm Your Heart". Jalopnik. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  18. ^ Sean Szymkowski (7 February 2018). "McLaren Senna performance stats". Motor Authority. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  19. ^ Specification: The McLaren Senna - Specification, accessdate: 27. October 2018
  20. ^ Autocar Road Test No 5392
  21. ^ "The Last McLaren Senna Has Already Been Sold For Over $2 Million". CarBuzz. 12 December 2017. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  22. ^ Anthony Karr (6 March 2018). "McLaren Senna GTR revealed". Motor1. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  23. ^ Stephen Dobie (6 March 2018). "the Senna GTR is the fastest McLaren outside of F1". TopGear. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  24. ^ Watkins, Gary (7 June 2018). "FIA gives green light to WEC's 'hypercar' LMP1 prototype successor". autosport.com. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  25. ^ Coch, Mat (8 June 2018). "FIA announces 'hypercar' rules for 2020/21 WEC season". speedcafe.com. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  26. ^ "McLaren Senna is the basis of three race-homage special editions". Autoblog. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  27. ^ Hoffman, Connor (7 December 2020). "Post Malone Is Selling His 1-of-3 McLaren Senna XP". Car and Driver. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  28. ^ "McLaren Senna LM gets a video tour in New Zealand". Autoblog. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  29. ^ "Glenmarch: AuctionCars". www.glenmarch.com. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  30. ^ "Former Formula 1 driver Adrian Sutil destroys McLaren supercar in Monaco". Fox Sports. 29 July 2020. Retrieved 1 August 2020.
  31. ^ a b "McLaren Senna GTR LM Celebrates the F1 GTR's Dominant 1995 le Mans 24 Hours". www.carscoops.com. 17 September 2020. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  32. ^ Hoffman, Connor (22 December 2020). "824-HP Sabre Is the Most Powerful Nonhybrid McLaren Yet". Car and Driver. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  33. ^ Nearly half a million bricks later, the first full-scale LEGO® McLaren Senna
  34. ^ The 1:1 Lego McLaren Senna is a hardcore creation for big kids
  35. ^ New McLaren Senna 'Ride-On' is 2020's electrified ultimate toy
  36. ^ McLaren Offers Faithful Senna Ride-On Electric Toy Car
  37. ^ An icon reborn: the new LEGO Technic McLaren Senna GTR is unboxed
  38. ^ McLaren Senna GTR 42143
  39. ^ Start your engines: line up to race the LEGO Technic McLaren Senna GTR in Asphalt 9: Legends Grand Prix
  40. ^ Start your engines: line up to race the LEGO Technic McLaren Senna GTR in Asphalt 9: Legends Grand Prix

External links[edit]