City of McLendon-Chisholm, Texas
|• Mayor||Keith Short|
|• Total||12.81 sq mi (33.18 km2)|
|• Land||12.50 sq mi (32.38 km2)|
|• Water||0.31 sq mi (0.80 km2) 0.90%|
|Elevation||505 ft (154 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||276.33/sq mi (106.69/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|Area code(s)||214, 469, 972|
|GNIS feature ID||1690858|
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.9 square miles (26 km2), of which 9.9 square miles (26 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.90%) is covered by water.
The community of McLendon-Chisholm began as two separate settlements: McLendon and Chisholm.
Named for landowner P.A. McLendon, the community of McLendon was settled around 1870. He built a combination store, cotton gin, and blacksmith shop that remained in operation until 1975. A post office opened in 1880, and by 1896, McLendon was home to an estimated 150 residents. The post office closed in 1905. Throughout the early 20th century, the population hovered around 50.
The land that eventually became the site of Chisholm was given to Mexican War veteran King Latham in 1847. Enoch Parson Chisholm and his brother B. Frank Chisholm, from whom the community's name was derived, purchased 200 acres (0.81 km2) from Latham in 1856. A few years later, Enoch purchased an additional 600 acres (2.4 km2) for $2.00/acre. He organized the Chisholm Methodist Church in 1871 and the community of Chisholm was officially platted in 1886. In that same year, Berry Creek Academy was formed through the merger of two local schools. Chisholm's first store opened in 1890 and a post office was established in 1891. By 1898, Berry Creek Academy was the second-largest school in Rockwall County, boasting a total enrollment of 301 students. The Chisholm post office closed in 1905, but the community continued to grow. The population was estimated at 102 in 1904 and peaked around 200 in 1940. By the 1960s, that figure had dropped to around 167.
On October 18, 1969, the two communities incorporated as McLendon-Chisholm. Residents seeking zoning protection and the preservation of their rural lifestyles was the main reason behind the incorporation effort. By the mid-1970s, the city had approximately 170 residents. That number rapidly grew to 480 in the 1980s and 646 by the 1990 census. By 2000, the population had increased to 914, a 41 percent increase over the 1990 figure.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, 914 people, 302 households, and 260 families were residing in the city. The population density was 92.6 people per square mile (35.8/km2). The 308 housing units averaged 31.2/mi2 (12.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.03% White, 0.22% African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 0.33% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.19% of the population.
Of the 302 households, 43.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 81.1% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.6% were not families. About 12.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.31.
In the city, the age distribution was 29.0% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 29.6% from 45 to 64, and 7.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $81,079, and for a family was $87,618. Males had a median income of $52,692 versus $34,583 for females. The per capita income for the city was $32,256. About 1.8% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.
The City of McLendon-Chisholm is served by the Rockwall Independent School District.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "McLendon-Chisholm, Texas". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved 2009-09-11.
- "History". City of McLendon-Chisholm, Texas. Retrieved 2009-09-11.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- City of McLendon-Chisholm - Official site.