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|Other names||McNab Border Collie
McNab Herding Dog
|Origin||Mendocino County, California, United States|
|Breed status||Not recognized as a standardized breed by any major kennel club.|
|Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)|
The McNab Shepherd—also called a McNab Sheepdog, McNab Border Collie, or McNab Herding Dog—is a breed of dog whose focus is on herding. It originated from a smooth-coated dog typically reported to be the Scotch Collie or Fox Collie, which was also the ancestor of the Border Collie.
Although the appearance of McNabs can vary widely, they closely resemble a short-haired Border Collie or a short-haired mixed-cattle dog. Height is 38 to 64 cm (15 to 25 in) at the shoulder. Weight is 16–34 kg (35–75 lb). Coat is short to medium length, either black or red with white markings, black or red with tan markings, black or red with tan and white markings, sable, sable with white markings, sable with tan and white markings, blue, blue with white markings, blue with tan markings, blue with tan and white markings, lilac, lilac with white markings, lilac with tan markings, lilac with tan and white markings. In some individuals, the tails are naturally short giving a docked appearance, though most have long tails. A distinguishing look may be a white strip on the face and white on or around the neck but they can also have a solid face and neck.
The primary quality that these dogs are bred for is their herding ability; they are well known as cattle herders, but can herd other animals, such as horses, sheep, and llamas. McNabs are well-mannered dogs, are hard-working, have good personal hygiene, and are friendly with small domestic animals such as cats and chickens, but require extensive grounds in which to run and are happiest with a job to do. The McNab can also be an excellent deer and boar hunting dog. The McNab is also less 'high strung' or obsessive than the Border Collie. They were bred to have more "backbone" than the original Border Collie and are more protective. It is common for a McNab to bark while they herd. They should exercise physically but also mentally, as these dogs are extremely intelligent, by learning new activities or 'tricks' and being allowed to explore and learn new environments. McNabs are also suited for Disc Dogs (Frisbee), Dock Diving, Agility and Flyball. This breed is sociable with other dogs and humans.
Alexander McNab was originally a sheep herder in the Grampian Mountains in Scotland, and emigrated to Mendocino County, California, USA in 1866. He settled on a 10,000 acre ranch, which he named the McNab Ranch. McNab, dissatisfied with the working ranch dogs available locally, travelled back to Scotland in 1885, to find the type of dogs he had worked with while raising sheep. He eventually bought two Scottish Collies, Peter and Fred. He returned to California with Peter, while he left Fred in Scotland to finish his training. He imported him back to his ranch later.
Being males, McNab had Peter and Fred bred with two females supposedly of Spanish origin, brought by Basque sheep herders from the Basque region of Northern Spain. Other sources claim that they were, in fact, bred with other Scottish Border Collies. McNab later imported several more collies from Scotland, some of which were red and white Fox Collies. Some McNab dogs share this coloration, as previously mentioned. The McNabs were bred as the perfect cattle dog, that could both head and heel. They are still used in California ranches and stockyards today.
McNabs are not recognized by the American Kennel Club or the United Kennel Club, although they are slowly becoming more and more common and popular.
- "All About The Mcnab Dog Breed". pets4homes.co.uk. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
- Donna Seigmund and Alvina Butti. "The McNab Dog". Retrieved 2006-02-28.
- "About McNab Cattle Dogs". mcnabcattledogs.com. Retrieved 22 March 2016.