McNeil Island Corrections Center
McNeil Island in 1937
|Former name||McNeil Island Federal Penitentiary (1904–1981)|
|Managed by||Federal Bureau of Prisons (1904–1981)|
Washington State Department of Corrections (1981–2011)
|Postal code||P. O. Box 88900|
The McNeil Island Corrections Center (MICC) was a prison in the northwest United States, operated by the Washington State Department of Corrections. It was on McNeil Island in Puget Sound in unincorporated Pierce County, near Steilacoom, Washington.
Opened 144 years ago in 1875, it had previously served as a territorial correctional facility and then a federal penitentiary. Americans sentenced to terms of imprisonment by the United States courts that operated in China in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries served their terms at McNeil Island. In the 1910s, inmates included Robert Stroud, the "Birdman of Alcatraz", who fatally stabbed a prison guard in March 1916.
During World War II, eighty-five Japanese Americans who had resisted the draft to protest their wartime confinement, including civil rights activist Gordon Hirabayashi, were sentenced to prison terms at McNeil; all were pardoned by President Harry S. Truman in 1947. Career criminal and novelist James Fogle was sent to McNeil at the age of 17 in the 1950s.
The state of Washington began to lease the facility from the federal government in 1981, and later that year the state department of corrections began moving prisoners into the facility, renamed "McNeil Island Corrections Center." The island was deeded to the state government in 1984.
In November 2010, the department announced its plans to close the penitentiary by 2011, saving $14 million in the process.
- Alvin Karpis, Depression-era gangster
- Charles Manson, forger, future cult leader, and murderer
- Gordon Hirabayashi, resisted Japanese American internment during World War II
- Mickey Cohen, 1930s Los Angeles gang leader
- Robert Franklin Stroud, "The Birdman of Alcatraz" convicted murderer and cause célèbre
- Samuel Bowers, former imperial wizard of the Ku Klux Klan
- Vincent Hallinan, 1952 Presidential candidate
- List of law enforcement agencies in Washington
- List of United States state correction agencies
- List of U.S. state prisons
- "Mailing Requirements". Washington State Department of Corrections. Retrieved on April 1, 2011. "McNeil Island Corrections Center P.O. Box 88100 Steilacoom, WA 98388-0900"
- "McNeil Island". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). (Los Angeles Times). October 13, 1979. p. 2A.
- Peters, E.W. (2011). Shanghai Policeman. Earnshaw Books: Hong Kong. p. 118. ISBN 9789881998385.
- "McNeil Island Penitentiary (detention facility)". Densho Encyclopedia. Retrieved August 6, 2014.
- Jean, Sara. "'Drugstore Cowboy' sentenced to what may be his last ride". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2015-10-16.
- "McNeil Island Corrections Center History". Washington State Department of Corrections. Archived from the original on 2010-07-02. Retrieved April 2, 2011.
- Sullivan, Jennifer; Clarridge, Christine "McNeil Island prison to close next year". The Seattle Times (November 20, 2010). Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- Robinson, Sean (March 28, 2011). "Who's who of McNeil Island prisoners". Bellingham Herald.
- McClary, Daryl C. (April 24, 2003). "McNeil Island Corrections Center, 1981-present". HistoryLink.org Essay 5239. Retrieved June 3, 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to McNeil Island Penitentiary.|
- "McNeil Island Corrections Center". Washington State Department of Corrections. Archived from the original on August 27, 2010.
- "McNeil Island Corrections Center History". Washington State Department of Corrections.
- Oppman, Patrick. "Last island prison in U.S. closes". CNN. April 1, 2011.
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