Meade County, South Dakota

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Meade County, South Dakota
Black Hills National Cemetery.jpg
Map of South Dakota highlighting Meade County
Location in the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded February 7, 1889
Named for George Meade
Seat Sturgis
Largest city Sturgis
Area
 • Total 3,483 sq mi (9,021 km2)
 • Land 3,471 sq mi (8,990 km2)
 • Water 12 sq mi (31 km2), 0.3%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 27,693
 • Density 7.3/sq mi (2.8/km2)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Mountain: UTC−7/−6
Website www.meadecounty.org

Meade County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,434.[1] Its county seat is Sturgis.[2] The county was created in 1889 and was named for Fort Meade, which was garrisoned as a United States military post in the area in 1878 and was named for General George Meade.[3]

Meade County is part of the Rapid City, SD Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,483 square miles (9,020 km2), of which 3,471 square miles (8,990 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (0.3%) is water.[4] It is the largest county by area in South Dakota.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18904,640
19004,9075.8%
191012,640157.6%
19209,367−25.9%
193011,48222.6%
19409,735−15.2%
195011,51618.3%
196012,0444.6%
197016,61838.0%
198020,71724.7%
199021,8785.6%
200024,25310.9%
201025,4344.9%
Est. 201728,018[5]10.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 24,253 people, 8,805 households, and 6,700 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 10,149 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.65% White, 1.48% Black or African American, 2.04% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 2.52% from two or more races. 2.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,805 households out of which 39.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.40% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.90% were non-families. 19.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.40% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,992, and the median income for a family was $40,537. Males had a median income of $26,572 versus $20,517 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,680. About 7.90% of families and 9.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.80% of those under age 18 and 6.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 25,434 people, 9,903 households, and 7,067 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 7.3 inhabitants per square mile (2.8/km2). There were 11,000 housing units at an average density of 3.2 per square mile (1.2/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 92.0% white, 2.3% American Indian, 1.3% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.8% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.0% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 40.5% were German, 15.3% were Irish, 13.2% were Norwegian, 11.3% were English, and 6.9% were American.[13]

Of the 9,903 households, 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.6% were non-families, and 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 35.9 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $46,180 and the median income for a family was $54,200. Males had a median income of $34,113 versus $27,548 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,045. About 6.6% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

The county is divided into seven townships:

  • Dakota
  • Eagle
  • Elm Springs
  • Howard
  • Lakeside
  • Smithville
  • Upper Red Owl

Unorganized territories[edit]

The county contains three areas of unorganized territory:

  • Belle Fourche-Cheyenne Valleys
  • North Meade
  • Southwest Meade

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 72.6% 8,441 19.1% 2,223 8.2% 957
2012 70.0% 7,566 27.1% 2,928 3.0% 323
2008 64.8% 7,515 32.3% 3,751 2.9% 340
2004 72.6% 8,347 25.6% 2,941 1.9% 216
2000 73.4% 6,870 24.2% 2,267 2.5% 229
1996 54.3% 4,984 32.3% 2,960 13.4% 1,232
1992 46.9% 4,724 26.7% 2,694 26.4% 2,657
1988 61.2% 5,189 37.9% 3,212 0.9% 72
1984 73.5% 5,908 26.0% 2,093 0.5% 40
1980 70.9% 5,349 22.8% 1,721 6.3% 471
1976 54.4% 3,096 43.6% 2,478 2.0% 116
1972 67.2% 3,416 32.2% 1,633 0.6% 31
1968 56.2% 2,392 35.8% 1,522 8.1% 343
1964 48.0% 2,140 52.1% 2,323
1960 57.9% 2,644 42.1% 1,923
1956 59.8% 2,467 40.2% 1,658
1952 70.0% 3,109 30.0% 1,334
1948 54.5% 2,053 44.6% 1,681 0.9% 35
1944 62.2% 1,912 37.8% 1,164
1940 57.0% 2,560 43.0% 1,931
1936 44.7% 2,064 49.9% 2,304 5.4% 248
1932 37.7% 1,735 58.3% 2,687 4.0% 186
1928 66.0% 2,845 33.5% 1,441 0.5% 22
1924 57.4% 2,006 22.5% 786 20.1% 701
1920 58.4% 1,894 27.6% 894 14.1% 457
1916 38.3% 858 54.6% 1,224 7.2% 161
1912 43.7% 975 56.3% 1,255
1908 51.2% 953 42.6% 792 6.2% 115
1904 65.8% 754 23.4% 268 10.8% 124
1900 48.9% 550 50.2% 565 0.9% 10
1896 40.6% 550 59.1% 802 0.3% 4
1892 36.6% 427 11.0% 128 52.5% 613

Like most of South Dakota, Meade County is powerfully Republican. It was last won for the Democratic Party by Lyndon Johnson in 1964, and Donald Trump too over eighty percent of the county’s vote in 2016.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Andrews, John (June 14, 2016). "Cattle and Hogs". South Dakota Magazine. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 16, 2018. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-04-15. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°34′N 102°43′W / 44.57°N 102.71°W / 44.57; -102.71