Meadowlands, Gauteng

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Meadowlands
Meadowlands is located in Gauteng
Meadowlands
Meadowlands
Meadowlands is located in South Africa
Meadowlands
Meadowlands
Coordinates: 26°13′15″S 27°53′58″E / 26.22083°S 27.89944°E / -26.22083; 27.89944Coordinates: 26°13′15″S 27°53′58″E / 26.22083°S 27.89944°E / -26.22083; 27.89944
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceGauteng
MunicipalityCity of Johannesburg
Area
 • Total11.57 km2 (4.47 sq mi)
Population
(2001)[1]
 • Total138,354
 • Density12,000/km2 (31,000/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2001)
 • Black African99.8%
 • Coloured0.2%
First languages (2001)
 • Zulu32.7%
 • Tswana27.0%
 • Sotho10.5%
 • Tsonga10.1%
 • Other19.7%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
1852
PO box
1851

Meadowlands is a suburb of Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa. Meadowlands suburb was founded in the early 1950s during the apartheid era for black residents from Sophiatown.

History[edit]

Meadowlands has its origin with the introduction of the Natives Resettlement Act, Act No 19 of 1954 with its aim to move black people out of the centre of Johannesburg from multi-cultural areas such as Sophiatown and the Western Native Townships.[2]:199 The Urban Resettlement Board was created and the forced removals began on 10 February 1955 and would continue until the mid-sixties when most of the new township had been completed.[2]:199 Early residents were separated into new zones of the township based on their ethnic background and identifiable by the street names.[2]:199

The Johannesburg City Council, at the time controlled by the United Party, did not participate in the forced removals but did provide extra land in Diepkloof when space ran out in Meadowlands when black people from the suburbs of Martindale and Newclare needed areas to settle.[3]:xi The Johannesburg City Council did not control the area as it did with Soweto, but would be made to cover the cost of the relocations.[3]:32 By 1968, the Natives Resettlement Board had relocated 22,500 black families and 6,500 single persons in both Meadowlands and Diepkloof and would administer both areas as they had not yet been allocated to any white municipality.[3]:xi

The forced move away from Sophiatown inspired Strike Vilakezi to compose Meadowlands. As with many other protest songs of this period, Meadowlands was made popular both within and outside South Africa by Miriam Makeba.[4]

By 1973, now known as Diepmeadow, the administration was taken over by the West Rand Administration Board (WRAB) and by 1978, a Diepmeadows Town Council was formed to run the two townships when they decided not to join Soweto Council.[3]:32

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Meadowlands". Census 2001.
  2. ^ a b c Tomlinson, Richard; Beauregard, Robert; Bremmer, Lindsay; Mangcu, Xolela (2014). Emerging Johannesburg. Routledge. p. 240. ISBN 9781317794240.
  3. ^ a b c d Grinker, David (2014). Inside Soweto: Memoir of an Official 1960s-80s. Johannesburg: Eastern Enterprises. p. 194. ISBN 9781291865998.
  4. ^ Vershbow, Michela E. (2010). "The Sounds of Resistance: The Role of Music in South Africa's Anti-Apartheid Movement". Inquiries Journal. 2 (6). Retrieved 26 October 2016.