Mean Streets

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Mean Streets
Mean Streets original 1973 theatrical poster.png
Original 1973 theatrical release poster
Directed byMartin Scorsese
Produced byJonathan T. Taplin
Screenplay by
Story byMartin Scorsese
Starring
CinematographyKent L. Wakeford
Edited bySidney Levin
Production
company
Taplin-Perry-Scorsese Productions
Distributed byWarner Bros.
Release date
October 14, 1973
Running time
112 minutes
CountryUnited States[1]
LanguageEnglish
Budget$500,000
Box office$3 million[2]

Mean Streets is a 1973 American crime film directed by Martin Scorsese and co-written by Scorsese and Mardik Martin. The film stars Harvey Keitel and Robert De Niro. It was released by Warner Bros. on October 2, 1973. De Niro won the National Society of Film Critics award for Best Supporting Actor for his role as "Johnny Boy" Civello.

In 1997, Mean Streets was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".

Plot[edit]

Charlie, a young Italian-American man in New York's Little Italy, is hampered by his feeling of responsibility towards his reckless younger friend Johnny Boy, a small-time gambler and ne'er-do-well who refuses to work and owes money to many loan sharks. Charlie is also having a secret affair with Johnny's cousin Teresa, who has epilepsy and is ostracized because of her condition—especially by Charlie's Uncle Giovanni, a powerful mafioso. Giovanni wants Charlie to distance himself from Johnny, saying "honorable men go with honorable men."

Charlie is torn between his devout Catholicism and his illicit work for Giovanni. Johnny becomes increasingly self-destructive and disrespectful of his creditors. Failing to receive redemption in the Church, Charlie seeks it through sacrificing himself on Johnny's behalf. At a bar, a loan shark named Michael comes looking for Johnny to pay up. To his surprise, Johnny insults him. Michael lunges at Johnny, who pulls a gun. After a tense standoff, Michael walks away and Charlie convinces Johnny that they should leave town for a brief period. Teresa insists on coming with them. Charlie borrows a car and they drive off, leaving the neighborhood without incident.

A car that has been following them suddenly pulls up, with Michael at the wheel and his henchman, Jimmy Shorts, in the backseat. Jimmy fires several shots at Charlie's car, hitting Johnny in the neck and Charlie in the hand, causing Charlie to crash the car into a fire hydrant. Johnny is seen in an alleyway staggering toward a white light which is revealed to be a police car. Charlie gets out of the crashed vehicle and kneels in the spurting water from the hydrant, dazed and bleeding. Paramedics take Teresa and Charlie away. Johnny's fate remains unknown.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Apart from his first actual feature, Who's That Knocking at My Door, and a directing project given to him by early independent film maker Roger Corman, Boxcar Bertha, this was Scorsese's first feature film of his own design. Director John Cassavetes told him after he completed Boxcar Bertha: "You’ve just spent a year of your life making a piece of shit." This inspired Scorsese to make a film about his own experiences.[3] Cassavetes told Scorsese he should do something like Who's That Knocking at My Door, which Cassavetes had liked. Mean Streets was based on events Scorsese saw almost regularly while growing up in New York City's Little Italy.

The screenplay began as a continuation of the characters in Who's That Knocking. Scorsese changed the title from Season of the Witch to Mean Streets, a reference to Raymond Chandler's essay "The Simple Art of Murder", where Chandler writes, "But down these mean streets a man must go who is not himself mean, who is neither tarnished nor afraid." Scorsese sent the script to Corman, who agreed to back the film if all the characters were black. Scorsese was anxious to make the film so he considered this option, but actress Verna Bloom arranged a meeting with potential financial backer Jonathan Taplin, the road manager for The Band. Taplin liked the script and was willing to raise the $300,000 Scorsese wanted if Corman promised, in writing, to distribute the film. The blaxploitation suggestion came to nothing when funding from Warner Bros. allowed him to make the film with Italian-American characters.[4]

Reception[edit]

The film was well received by most critics; Pauline Kael was among the enthusiastic critics, calling it "a true original, and a triumph of personal filmmaking" and "dizzyingly sensual".[5] Dave Kehr of the Chicago Reader wrote, "the acting and editing have such original, tumultuous force that the picture is completely gripping".[6] Vincent Canby of The New York Times reflected that "no matter how bleak the milieu, no matter how heartbreaking the narrative, some films are so thoroughly, beautifully realized they have a kind of tonic effect that has no relation to the subject matter".[7] Time Out magazine called it "one of the best American films of the decade".[8]

Retrospectively, Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times inducted Mean Streets on his Great Movies list and wrote, "In countless ways, right down to the detail of modern TV crime shows, Mean Streets is one of the source points of modern movies."[9] In 2013, the staff of Entertainment Weekly voted the film the seventh greatest of all time.[10] In 2015, it was ranked 93rd on the BBC's list of the 100 greatest American films.[11] James Gandolfini, when asked on Inside the Actors Studio (season 11, episode two) which films most influenced him, cited Mean Streets, saying "I saw that 10 times in a row."[12] Likewise, director Kathryn Bigelow said that Mean Streets was one of her five favorite movies.[13] In an interview with GQ Magazine, Spike Lee named Mean Streets as one of his influences, along with On The Waterfront.

The film holds a 95% "Certified Fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 62 reviews, with an average rating of 8.93/10 and the consensus: "Mean Streets is a powerful tale of urban sin and guilt that marks Scorsese's arrival as an important cinematic voice and features electrifying performances from Harvey Keitel and Robert De Niro."[14]

Home media[edit]

Mean Streets was released on VHS and Betamax in 1985. The film debuted as a letterboxed LaserDisc on October 7, 1991 in the US.[15] It was released on Blu-ray on April 6, 2011 in France,[16] and in America on July 17, 2012.[17] The home media releases use the original mono audio track, rather than a modern surround sound mix as is common even for films that originally had mono audio.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mean Streets (1973)". Explore.bfi.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2012-07-11. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
  2. ^ Gleiberman, Owen (April 23, 2004). "Gross Oversights". Entertainment Weekly.
  3. ^ Brown, Mick (March 7, 2010). "Martin Scorsese interview for Shutter Island". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  4. ^ Musto, Michael (2011-11-01). "Mean Streets Was Almost a Blaxploitation Flick!". VillageVoice.com. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
  5. ^ Kael, Pauline (1991). 5001 Nights at the Movies. New York: Holt Paperbacks. p. 473. ISBN 0-8050-1367-9.
  6. ^ Mean Streets. Archived 2011-06-09 at the Wayback Machine The Chicago Reader
  7. ^ Canby, Vincent. Oct. 3, 1973. Movie review - Mean Streets (1973) The New York Times Archived 2010-01-03 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Mean Streets (1973) Archived 2011-06-07 at the Wayback Machine Time Out London Archived 2009-11-26 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Ebert, Roger. "Mean Streets Movie Review & Film Summary (1973) - Roger Ebert".
  10. ^ "Movies: 10 All-Time Greatest - 7. Mean Streets (1973)". Entertainment Weekly. June 27, 2013. Retrieved February 9, 2017.
  11. ^ "The 100 greatest American films". BBC. July 20, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
  12. ^ Collins, Scott (June 20, 2013). "James Gandolfini dies at 51; actor starred in 'The Sopranos'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 9, 2017.
  13. ^ "FIVE FAVORITE FILMS WITH KATHRYN BIGELOW". Rotten Tomatoes. July 8, 2009. Retrieved November 16, 2020.
  14. ^ "Mean Streets". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
  15. ^ "Mean Streets (1973) [12241]". LaserDisc Database. Retrieved 2017-02-27.
  16. ^ "Mean Streets Blu-ray (France)". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved 2013-02-28.
  17. ^ "Mean Streets Blu-ray". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved 2016-10-20.

External links[edit]