Meanings of minor planet names
This is a list of minor planets which have been officially named by the Minor Planet Center (MPC). The list consists of partial pages, each covering a number range of 1000 bodies citing the source after each minor planet was named for. An overview of all existing partial pages is given in section § Index.
Among the hundreds of thousands numbered minor planets only a small fraction have received a name so far. As of 2018, there are more than 21,000 named minor planets out of a total of half a million numbered ones . Most of these bodies are named for people, in particular astronomers, as well as figures from mythology and fiction. Many minor planets are also named after places such cities, towns and villages, mountains and volcanoes; after rivers, observatories, as well as organizations, clubs and astronomical societies. Some are named after animals and plants. A few minor planets are named after exotic entities such as supercomputers or have an unknown origin .
The first few thousand minor planets have all been named, with the Jupiter trojan (3708) 1974 FV1 currently being the lowest-numbered unnamed minor planet. The first 3 pages in the below table contain 1,000 named entries each. The first 13 and 33 pages contain at least 500 and 100 named entries each, respectively. The first range to contain no entries is 122001–123000. There are also several name conflicts with other astronomical objects, mostly with planetary satellites and among themselves.
Following a proposal of the discovering astronomer, new minor planet names are published in MPC's Minor Planet Circulars on a monthly basis. The MPC applies a set of rules for naming minor planets. These range from syntax restrictions to non-offensive meanings. Over the years the rules have changed several times. In the beginning, for example, most minor planets were named after female characters from Greek and Roman mythology.
Meanings from 1 to 100,000
Meanings from 100,001 to 200,000
Meanings from 200,001 to 300,000
Meanings from 300,001 to 400,000
Meanings from 400,001 to 500,000
Meanings from 500,001 to 600,000
- "Minor Planet Statistics – Orbits And Names". Minor Planet Center. 17 July 2016.
- "Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets (1)-(5000)". Minor Planet Center. 21 August 2016. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- Asteroids discovered at the observatory of San Marcello Pistoiese in Italy
- Asteroids discovered by Uppsala astronomers
- Asteroids honoring people associated with Cornell Department of astronomy
- Asteroids named after members of staff and graduates of the Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland
- Asteroids with Canadian Connections
- Asteroids with a Hamburg connection
- Hungarian asteroids
- In Our Skies journalistic article on asteroid nomenclature
- Institute of Applied Astronomy's list of (accented) names
- Kleť Numbered Minor Planets
- List of "Dutch" asteroids (in Dutch)
- Planetary Society asteroids
- The Ceres Connection (asteroids named after students)
Some systematic sources of citations are:
- The database of the Minor Planet Center can be searched: http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/db_search/
- The JPL Small-Body Database Browser: http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/sbdb.cgi
- The Minor Planet Center has lists of discovery circumstances for numbered minor planets which link to a script at the Harvard University Center for Astronomy MPES (Minor Planet Ephemeris Service) that displays citations.
- The Minor Planet Center also provides a search engine allowing a search of its database from your browser.
In the first two cases you need only modify the last argument of the address to the name or number of the minor planet. The lists of discovery circumstances are split into groups of 5000 minor planets, each containing links for individual named minor planets that access the script displaying citations.