Mechanical Engineering Heritage (Japan)

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Myriad year Japanese clock, Heritage No. 22

The Mechanical Engineering Heritage (Japan) (機械遺産 kikaiisan?) is a list of sites, landmarks, machines, and documents that made significant contributions to the development of mechanical engineering in Japan. Items in the list are certified by the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers (JSME) (日本機械学会 Nihon Kikai Gakkai?).

Overview[edit]

The Mechanical Engineering Heritage program was inaugurated in June 2007 in connection with the 110th anniversary of the founding of the JSME. The program recognizes machines, related systems, factories, specification documents, textbooks, and other items that had a significant impact on the development of mechanical engineering. When a certified item can no longer be maintained by its current owner, the JSME acts to prevent its loss by arranging a transfer to the National Science Museum of Japan or to a local government institution.

The JSME plans to certify approximately a hundred items of high heritage value over ten years.

Categories[edit]

Items in the Mechanical Engineering Heritage (Japan) are classified into four categories:

  1. Sites: Historical sites that contain heritage items.
  2. Landmarks: Representative buildings, structures, and machinery.
  3. Collections: Collections of machinery, or individual machines.
  4. Documents: Machinery-related documents of historical significance.

Each item is assigned a Mechanical Engineering Heritage number.

Items certified in 2007[edit]

Sites[edit]

Landmarks[edit]

Collections[edit]

Documents[edit]

Items certified in 2008[edit]

Sites[edit]

Collections[edit]

Items certified in 2009[edit]

Sites[edit]

Landmarks[edit]

  • No. 33: Minegishi Watermill, (installed in 1808, in operation till 1965). - Tokyo

Collections[edit]

  • No. 34: The Master Worm Wheel of the Hobbing Machine HRS-500, (machining by Hobbing machine of Rhein-Neckar from Germany in 1943). - Shizuoka Prefecture
  • No. 35: Locomobile, The oldest private Steam Automobile in Japan, (one of eight imported from Locomobile Company of America in 1902, failured in 1908, discovered in 1978 then only boiler was replaced and operable in 1980). - Hokkaidō
  • No. 36: Arrow-Gou, The oldest Japanese-made Car, (one of Japanese fundamental vehicle technology made in 1916). - Fukuoka Prefecture
  • No. 37: British-made 50 ft Turn Table, (imported from Ransomes & Rapier made in 1897, but installed location was unknown before moved in 1941 then further moved to Ōigawa Railway in 1980, in operation. Two others are deemed also imported and still in operation in other locations, these historical details is not known). - Shizuoka Prefecture

Items certified in 2010[edit]

Landmarks[edit]

Carousel El Dorado in Toshimaen. Heritage No. 38

Collections[edit]

Electric vehicle TAMA, Heritage No. 40.

Items certified in 2011[edit]

Landmarks[edit]

Mashū Maru, Heritage No. 44.

Collections[edit]

  • NO. 45: Type ED15 Electric Locomotive. This direct current locomotive is the first Japan made one in 1924 and operation till 1960. It is functionally equal to imported electric locomotive with specification of maximum speed 65 km/h with 820 KW by four main motors. - Ibaraki Prefecture
  • NO. 46: Silk reeling machines of the Okaya Silk Museum (岡谷蚕糸博物館?), several types of silk reeling machines. Machines are; 2 silk reeling machines out of 300 machines imported by French engineer Paul Brunat (ポール・ブリューナ?) for Tomioka silk mill which operated from 1872, Japan made machine based on French and Italian technologies, and some other Japan made improved and innovated machines. - Nagano Prefecture
  • NO. 47: Toyoda Power Loom. Looms power by steam engine type and electric motor types invented by Sakichi Toyoda in 1897 and patented next year. Machine's productivity is 20 times high and 1/20 of low in machine cost compared to imported machines, widely used throughout Japan. - Aichi Prefecture
  • NO. 48: Hydraulic Excavator UH03 is the first evolved type, made in Japan in 1965, having double hydraulic pumps and double valves with bucket size 0.35 and engine output 58 hp. The excavators made in Japan before UH03 are single hydraulic pump and single valve type under technical tied up with Europe. - Ibaraki Prefecture
  • NO. 49: Zipper chain machine (YKK-CM6) is YKK Group first made in Japan machine in 1953, evolved from imported machine from U.S. in 1950. - Toyama Prefecture
  • NO. 50: Ticket Vending Machine is the first train ticket vending machine. Developed in 1962, it consists of approximately 250 relays, and can print train tickets for various destinations. It accepts coins, checks them for authenticity, sorts and stores them, and makes change. The improved type made in 1969 was installed in Bankokuhaku-chūōguchi station (万国博中央口駅?) of Expo '70 in Suita, Osaka - Nagano Prefecture.

Items certified in 2012[edit]

Landmarks[edit]

Collections[edit]

  • NO. 53: Oldest in Japan England style 9 foot length lathe made by Ikegai Corp., the first machine tool manufacture of Japan, in 1889 for own use. - Tokyo
  • NO. 54: Ricoh desktop copier model 101 is the first Japanese blueprint document reproduction machine using the diazo chemical process made in 1955. This copier with the newly innovated photographic paper brings no need to rinse in washing water and no odor operation. - Shizuoka Prefecture
  • NO. 55: Washlet G released in 1980 is the first type innovated by Toto. The original model for therapy of hemorrhoid were imported from American Bidet company in 1964 for Japanese market.[5][6] Toto opened new market as the electric toilet seats for general use. - Fukuoka Prefecture

Items certified in 2013[edit]

Landmarks[edit]

  • No. 56: Mechanical Car Parking System ROTOPARK, made by Bajulaz S.A. company of Switzerland, was imported in 1976 and installed as parking system in underground at south exit of Shinjuku Station.[7] System is controlled by mechanical relay and DC motor. - Tokyo

Collections[edit]

Items certified in 2014[edit]

Landmarks[edit]

Collections[edit]

Documents[edit]

Items certified in 2015[edit]

Landmarks[edit]

Railway bascule Bridge “Suehiro Kyoryo”

Collection[edit]

  • No. 71: Automatic Encrusting Machine Model 105. High viscosity material such as dough, for Manjū and wagashi of Japan and bread worldwide, is traditionally encrusting by human hand. The automatic encrusting machine is invented as model 101 in 1963, and improved model 105 in 1966, then it had been sold 1838 set in 8 years and contributing world food cultures in effective making. - Tochigi Prefecture
  • No. 72: Automatic Transmission of "MIKASA". The first Japanese Automatic transmission with torque converter developed in 1951 and front-wheel drive car MIKASA produced over 500 cars in 1957 to 1960. - Tokyo
  • No. 73: Japan Made First Coin counter. The coin counter asked by mint and produced in 1949 and delivered in February 1950. Imported large size of coin counter was used before this improved type with small size, simple structure and more accurate counting. Commercial type put in market in 1953. Selectable various coin size and counting ability contributed to lessen banking job for coin counting and Japan made full-line vending machines. - Hyogo Prefecture
  • No. 74: KOBAS Stationary Suction Gas Engine and Charcoal Gas Producer Unit. Wood gas engine with magneto ignition system had been started to develop in 1928 and produced in 1936. Less resource of petroleum during and after World War II in Japan, wood gas engine had been widely used by about 1955. - Hiroshima Prefecture
  • No. 75: Small Once-through Steam Boiler Type ZP. This once-through Steam drum type boiler less than 10 Atmospheric pressure and 10 m2 had been usable without license by change of law Industrial Safety and Health Act in 1959 then 70% shared in small boiler market. - Ehime Prefecture
  • No. 76: All Electric Industrial Robot "MOTOMAN-L10". MOTOMAN-L10 is first all electric drive industrial robot developed in 1977. Before this, Hydraulic drive system robot used with less accurate positioning, moving range and speed. - Fukuoka Prefecture

Items certified in 2016[edit]

Landmarks[edit]

Collection[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Buckton machine:See fig.3 and its description.
  2. ^ The History of Japanese Mechanical Calculating Machines
  3. ^ "Collections: American Art: Lion, from the El Dorado Carousel, Coney Island, Brooklyn". Brooklyn Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-26. 
  4. ^ The carousel King, Hugo Haase
  5. ^ American Bidet
  6. ^ "ウォシュレットG 機械遺産" [Washlet G certified on Mechanical Engineering Heritage (Japan)]. Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). Tokyo. 2012-07-23. p. 34. 
  7. ^ Rotopark, Bajulaz S.A. Geneva Switzerland

External links[edit]