Mechanicsburg, Ohio

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For the community in Crawford County, see Mechanicsburg, Crawford County, Ohio.
For the Ohio city formerly known as Mechanicsburg, see East Palestine, Ohio.
Mechanicsburg, Ohio
Village
Motto: "Where Unity Means Progress"
Location of Mechanicsburg, Ohio
Location of Mechanicsburg, Ohio
Location of Mechanicsburg in Champaign County
Location of Mechanicsburg in Champaign County
Coordinates: 40°4′28″N 83°33′28″W / 40.07444°N 83.55778°W / 40.07444; -83.55778Coordinates: 40°4′28″N 83°33′28″W / 40.07444°N 83.55778°W / 40.07444; -83.55778
Country United States
State Ohio
County Champaign
Township Goshen
Established 1814
Government
 • Type Mayor - Council
 • Mayor Greg Kimball
Area[1]
 • Total 1.02 sq mi (2.64 km2)
 • Land 1.01 sq mi (2.62 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation[2] 1,083 ft (330 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 1,644
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 1,623
 • Density 1,627.7/sq mi (628.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 43044
Area code(s) 937
FIPS code 39-48706[5]
GNIS feature ID 1061501[2]
Website http://www.mechanicsburgohio.org/

Mechanicsburg is a village in Champaign County, Ohio, United States. The population was 1,644 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Mechanicsburg was platted in 1814.[6][7] The village was so named for the fact a large share of its settlers worked as mechanics.[8] By 1833, Mechanicsburg's industries included two stores, a gristmill and a saw mill.[9] Mechanicsburg was incorporated as a village in 1834.[10]

During the antebellum years, because of its location on a tributary of the Ohio River, Mechanicsburg was used as a station on the Underground Railroad. The "conductor" Udney Hyde (1808-1887) is credited with helping more than 500 fugitive slaves on their way to freedom.

Geography[edit]

Mechanicsburg is located at 40°4′28″N 83°33′28″W / 40.07444°N 83.55778°W / 40.07444; -83.55778 (40.074483, -83.557759).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.02 square miles (2.64 km2), of which, 1.01 square miles (2.62 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1] It is located on Little Darby Creek, a tributary of the Scioto River, and, ultimately the Ohio River. Fugitive slaves made their way cross-country when escaping from Kentucky.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 682
1860 735 7.8%
1870 940 27.9%
1880 1,522 61.9%
1890 1,459 −4.1%
1900 1,617 10.8%
1910 1,446 −10.6%
1920 1,470 1.7%
1930 1,424 −3.1%
1940 1,653 16.1%
1950 1,920 16.2%
1960 1,810 −5.7%
1970 1,686 −6.9%
1980 1,792 6.3%
1990 1,803 0.6%
2000 1,744 −3.3%
2010 1,644 −5.7%
Est. 2015 1,599 [12] −2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 1,644 people, 598 households, and 403 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,627.7 inhabitants per square mile (628.5/km2). There were 671 housing units at an average density of 664.4 per square mile (256.5/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 95.4% White, 1.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.

There were 598 households of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.6% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.02.

The median age in the village was 35.5 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.2% were from 25 to 44; 22.7% were from 45 to 64; and 13.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 52.3% male and 47.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,744 people, 705 households, and 473 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,699.4 people per square mile (653.7/km²). There were 761 housing units at an average density of 741.6 per square mile (285.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.59% White, 0.92% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.29% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.63% of the population.

There were 705 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the village, the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $33,385, and the median income for a family was $42,368. Males had a median income of $34,375 versus $24,453 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,685. About 10.3% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.2% of those under age 18 and 14.2% of those age 65 or over.

Public services[edit]

Public safety[edit]

The public is served by Mechanicsburg Police Department and the Mechanicsburg Division of Fire and EMS. The police department is a full-time department. The fire department is a combination of career, part-time paid employees and volunteers.[14]

Education[edit]

Local children attend the schools of the Mechanicsburg Exempted Village School District.[citation needed]

Community[edit]

Mechanicsburg is home to a rich history. Annually Mechanicsburg celebrates many holidays, which are sponsored through the efforts of Our Towne Mechanicsburg.

Maple Grove Cemetery is the center of Memorial Day activities. The annual Summer Celebration is the second Saturday of July to commemorate Independence Day, including a parade, live music, and fireworks. Christmas in the Village is the second Saturday of December.

Notable people[edit]

  • William B. Saxbe - politician, served as Republican Senator from Ohio, Republican state representative, speaker of the Ohio House of Representatives, Ohio Attorney General, United States Attorney General, United States Ambassador to India, and member of the Ohio Crime Commission.
  • John Foley Horr - Civil War Captain with the 2nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Appointed by President Harrison as Collector of Customs for the Port of Key West. Appointed under President McKinley and again by President Roosevelt as a Federal Marshall. Born in Mechanicsburg.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ The History of Champaign County, Ohio. W.H. Beers & Company. 1881. p. 596. 
  7. ^ Middleton, Evan P. (1917). History of Champaign County, Ohio: Its People, Industries and Institutions, Volume 1. B.F. Bowen. p. 275. 
  8. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 204. 
  9. ^ Kilbourn, John (1833). The Ohio Gazetteer, or, a Topographical Dictionary. Scott and Wright. p. 304. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  10. ^ Overman, William Daniel (1958). Ohio Town Names. Akron, OH: Atlantic Press. p. 85. 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  14. ^ http://www.firedepartment.net/directory/ohio/champaign-county/mechanicsburg/mechanicsburg-fire-and-ems-department

External links[edit]