Meckenheim, Rhineland-Palatinate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Meckenheim
Coat of arms of Meckenheim
Coat of arms
Meckenheim  is located in Germany
Meckenheim
Meckenheim
Coordinates: 49°24′13″N 8°14′24″E / 49.40361°N 8.24000°E / 49.40361; 8.24000Coordinates: 49°24′13″N 8°14′24″E / 49.40361°N 8.24000°E / 49.40361; 8.24000
Country Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
District Bad Dürkheim
Municipal assoc. Deidesheim
Government
 • Mayor Heiner Dopp (FW)
Area
 • Total 15.06 km2 (5.81 sq mi)
Elevation 111 m (364 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 3,430
 • Density 230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 67149
Dialling codes 06326
Vehicle registration DÜW
Website www.meckenheim-pfalz.de

Meckenheim is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Dürkheim district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

The municipality lies at the edge of the Weinstraße region (as distinct from the Deutsche Weinstraße – or German Wine Route – itself) and is part of the Rhine-Neckar urban agglomeration. Meckenheim belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Deidesheim, whose seat is in the like-named town.

History[edit]

Catholic church
Evangelical church

The Frankish village of Meckenheim is believed to have arisen in the 5th century AD. In 768, a first donation from Meckenheim to Lorsch Abbey was documented; further donations to other monasteries followed. In 991, some Meckenheim holdings passed to Duke Otto of Weißenburg (now Wissembourg in nearby Alsace, France). In the 12th century, Saint Giles’s Church (Ägidiuskirche) was built.

In 1287, Meckenheim was bought by Count Palatine Louis II, and thus it thereafter belonged to the Electorate of the Palatinate. In 1459 or 1460, Meckenheim was burnt down by the Counts of Leiningen (Emich VII). With the introduction of the Reformation into the Electorate of the Palatinate, Meckenheim became Protestant. In 1585, Saint Giles’s Church was newly built.

After widespread destruction in the Thirty Years' War, Meckenheim’s inhabitants forsook it in 1641. The Meckenheim church passed to the Catholics in 1707; in 1747 and 1748, the Protestant church was built. During the French Revolutionary Wars in the late 18th century, Meckenheim sustained great damage. As a result of decisions made at the Congress of Vienna, Meckenheim passed in 1816, together with the rest of the Palatinate to the Kingdom of Bavaria.

In 1824, the schoolhouse-municipal house (Hauptstraße 98) was built, and in 1872 the building that now serves as town hall (Hauptstraße 58). In 1894, the agricultural coöperative society and the Raiffeisen credit coöperative, which were merged in 1938, were founded.

In 1911, the Lokalbahn – or local railway – between Ludwigshafen and Dannstadt, which had opened in 1890, was extended to Meckenheim. Service continued until 1955, when it was replaced by buslines. In 1913, Meckenheim was connected to a public electrical grid, and in 1928 to a public water supply system. In 1922, the Meckenheim Winemakers’ Association was founded. In 1936, the fruit market hall was built.

After the Second World War, Meckenheim passed in 1946 together with the rest of the Palatinate to the newly founded state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Between 1952 and 1955, the sporting ground with the clubhouse was laid out. In 1956, Meckenheim was connected to a public gas supply system. In 1961, a new folk high school opened and in 1964, it was connected to a public sewer system.

Religion[edit]

In 2007, 54.4% of the inhabitants were Evangelical and 29.4% Catholic. The rest belonged to other faiths or adhered to none.[2]

Politics[edit]

Hauptstraße

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal election held on 7 June 2009 yielded the following results:

Party Result in %[3] No. of seats
CDU 23.6 (+0.9) 4 (=)
FWG 52,6 (+3,5) 11 (+1)
SPD 23.7 (−4.5) 5 (−1)

Coat of arms[edit]

The German blazon reads: In geviertem Schild oben rechts und unten links in Schwarz ein rotbewehrter, -bezungter und -bekrönter goldener Löwe, oben links und unten rechts von Silber und Blau gerautet, in der Mitte belegt mit einem schwarzumrandeten goldenen Kreis, darin ein schwarzes M.

The municipality’s arms might in English heraldic language be described thus: Quarterly, first and fourth sable a lion rampant Or armed, langued and crowned gules, second and third bendy lozengy argent and azure, surmounting the whole at the fess point a roundel of the first, itself surmounted by a bezant charged with the letter M of the first.

The arms were approved in 1926 by the Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior and go back to a court seal from 1473. It is similar to arms borne by Electoral Palatinate. The first and fourth quarters show the Palatine Lion, and the second and third show the Bavarian “bendy lozengy” pattern (that is, diamond shapes formed by two sets of bends set at different angles overlapping). The M in the middle is an old municipal symbol used for marking the municipal area.[4]

Town partnerships[edit]

Meckenheim fosters partnerships with the following places:

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Winegrowing[edit]

Village square

Meckenheim’s vineyards belong to the Palatinate wine region and also more locally to the Mittelhaardt-Deutsche Weinstraße growing area. Belonging to Meckenheim are two local appellations, namely Neuberg and Spielberg, themselves both within the greater appellation of Hofstück.

In Meckenheim there are 51 winegrowing businesses with planted vineyard areas of 0.3 ha or more; the average area for each business is 4.8 ha. All together, vineyards cover 258 ha within Meckenheim’s municipal area. White wines produced by Meckenheim winegrowing businesses account for 57% of the production, while the other 43% is red wines (as at 2003).[5]

Famous people[edit]

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

  • Norbert Meder, (1947–    ), educator
  • Ludwig Scharf, (1864-1938), lyricist and translator

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2015" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016. 
  2. ^ KommWis, Stand: 31.12.2007
  3. ^ Statistisches Landesamt Rheinland-Pfalz, zugegriffen am 11. Juni 2009
  4. ^ Karl Heinz Debus: Das große Wappenbuch der Pfalz. Neustadt an der Weinstraße 1988, ISBN 3-9801574-2-3
  5. ^ http://www.statistik.rlp.de/index.html

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Meckenheim.