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COLE Carabidae Mecodema.png
Mecodema by Des Helmore
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Carabidae
Subfamily: Broscinae
Tribe: Broscini
Subtribe: Nothobroscina
Genus: Mecodema
Blanchard, 1853
  • Brullea Laporte, 1867
  • Maoria Laporte, 1867
  • Metaglymma Bates, 1867

Mecodema is a genus of large flightless ground beetle (Carabidae) endemic to New Zealand. The genus is very diverse in comparison to the other three New Zealand genera (Diglymma, Oregus, Orthoglymma) within the subtribe Nothobroscina (tribe Broscini). Mecodema is geographically widespread across both the North and South Islands, as well as numerous offshore islands, including the Three Kings Is., Poor Knights Is., Aotea (Great Barrier Is.) and Hauturu (Little Barrier Is.), Kapiti Is., Stephens Is., Stewart Is., Chatham Is., Snares Is.

Genus description[edit]

Head, frons and vertex often rugose and / or punctate, microsculpture or macrosculpture absent in some species groups (e.g., curvidens species);[2][3] eyes prominent, almost hemispherical; a single supraorbital puncture on each side, bearing more than one setae; setose punctures of vertex absent; mandibles large, uniformly narrow to the pointed apex, sharply curved in the apical third, mandibles with a number of dorsal grooves and without a seta in the scrobe;[2][3] mentum with median process, which is notched to strongly indentate (bifid); usually with 2 setiferous punctures (may be absent) below the process and generally with 4–8 setose (setiferous) punctures along the submentum sclerite; labial palpi with setae on the penultimate segment; terminal segments of all palpi slightly compressed, sub-cylindrical, truncate; ligula chitinous with a median carina, 2 apical setae present; the membranous paraglossae extended well beyond the apex of the ligula; stipes with 2–3 basal setae; antennomeres I–II glabrous, III–V with apical ring, VI–XI setose throughout; antennomeres I–III subcylindrical, IV–VII subglobose and slightly compressed. Prothoracic carina (pronotal lateral margin) distinct with an asymmetrical number of setae along each side, the last never at the posterior lateral sinuation (posterior angle); midline (median groove) and pronotal foveae (laterobasal depressions) always present; pronotal disc often with shallow depressions on each side of apical half.[2][3] Elytra always striate; fused together along the suture; hind wings absent; a row of setose punctures on the 7th stria and another row (umbilical series) near the lateral carina (elytral margin). Legs slender, the protibia with a pointed apical prolongation on the outer side, greatly distally expanded to distally expanded and shovel-like; male and female tarsi identical, the basal 4 segments of the anterior tarsi are as broad as they are long, usually slightly asymmetrical.[2][4][5]

Type species: Mecodema sculpturatum Blanchard 1853.

Species and subspecies (102)[edit]


  1. ^ "Mecodema". Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 2022-12-28.
  2. ^ a b c d Seldon, D.S.; Buckley, T.R. (2019). "The genus Mecodema Blanchard 1853 (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Broscini) from the North Island, New Zealand". Zootaxa. 4598 (1): zootaxa.4598.1.1. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4598.1.1. ISSN 1175-5334. PMID 31716064.
  3. ^ a b c Britton, E.B. (1949). "The Carabidae (Coleoptera) of New Zealand part 3: A revision of the tribe Broscini". Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand. 77: 533–581.
  4. ^ Blanchard, C. (1853). Voyage au pole sud et dans l'océanie sur les corvettes l'astrolabe et la zélée; exécuté par ordre du roi pendant les années 1837–1838–1839–1840, sous le commandement de MJ Dumont-D'urville, Capitaine de Vaisseau; publié par ordre du gouvernement, sous la direction supérieure de M. Jacquinot, Capitaine de Vaisseau, Commandant de la Zélée. Zoologie par MM. Hombron et Jacquinot.
  5. ^ Liebherr, J.K.; Marris, J.W.M.; Emberson, R.M.; Syrett, P.; Roig‐Juñent, S. (2011). "Orthoglymma wangapeka gen.n., sp.n. (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Broscini): a newly discovered relict from the Buller Terrane, north-western South Island, New Zealand, corroborates a general pattern of Gondwanan endemism". Systematic Entomology. 36 (3): 395–414. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2011.00569.x. ISSN 1365-3113.

Further reading[edit]

  • Seldon, D. S. (2015). A unique species of Mecodema (Carabidae: Broscini) from the Hawke's Bay region, New Zealand, with implications for North–South Island zoogeography. New Zealand Entomologist, 38(1), 28-35.
  • Seldon, D. S., & Leschen, R. A. (2011). Revision of the Mecodema curvidens species group (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Broscini). Zootaxa, 2829(1), 1-45.
  • Seldon, D. S., Leschen, R. A. B., & Liebherr, J. K. (2012). A new species of Mecodema (Carabidae: Broscini) from Northland, New Zealand, with notes on a newly observed structure within the female genitalia. New Zealand Entomologist, 35(1), 39-50.
  • Townsend, J. I. (1965). Notes on the genus Mecodema (Coleoptera: Carabidae) with descriptions of new species from the South Island of New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Science, 8(3), 301-318.
  • Townsend, J. I. (1971). Entomology of the Aucklands and other islands south of New Zealand: Coleoptera: Carabidae: Broscini. Pacific Insects Monograph, 27, 173-184.
  • NZ Entomologist
  • "Mecodema Blanchard, 1853". Carabidae of the World. 2011. Retrieved 27 Jun 2011.
  • Royal Society of New Zealand
  • Landcare Research