Medak district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Medak.
Medak District
మెదక్ జిల్లా
District of Telangana[1]
Relics at Kodur Village, Pulkal Mandal in Medak district
Relics at Kodur Village, Pulkal Mandal in Medak district
Location in Telangana, India
Location in Telangana, India
Country  India
State Telangana
Most Populous City Siddipet
Headquarters Sangareddi
 • Official Telugu, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration TS-15[2]
Telangana Districts Map

Medak District is a district located in the state of Telangana, India. Sangareddi is the district headquarters[3] of Medak and Siddipet is the most populous city. The district had a population of 26,70,097, of which 14.36% were urban as of 2001.[4]


Pre History[edit]

Traces of Neolithic and Megalithic culture was found at Edithanur and Wargal[5] village hillocks in the district. Rock paintings were found at Edithanur boulders[6] and Hastallapur rocks.[7]

Buddhism & Jainism[edit]

The district was once under the vast Mauryan empire during the rule of Ashoka, followed by Sathavahanas. Archaeological excavations conducted at Kondapur village in the southern parts of the district yielded several ruins of Buddhist Monasteries and coins of Sathavahana dynasty. Some inscriptions indicate the existence of Jain Vestiges in the district.[8]

Kakatiya Reign[edit]

Medak area found its peaks during the rule of Kakatiya empire. The fort built at Medak was called the Methukudurgam (and the area as Methukuseema), from the Telugu word Methuku - meaning cooked rice grain.

Nizam state[edit]

In 20th century Medak district was a part of Nizam princely State before independence and merged into Hyderabad State in Independent India and presently a part of Telangana. Qutub Shahis named it as Gulshanabad which means "city of gardens" due to its luscious greenery later it was called as Medak again.

Post Independence[edit]

The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[9]


Medak district occupies an area of approximately 9,699 square kilometres (3,745 sq mi),[10] comparatively equivalent to Canada's Prince Charles Island.[11] It is located at 18.03° N 78.27° E.[1] It has an average elevation of 442 metres (1450 feet).

Other big towns in the Medak district include Medak, Siddipet, Dubbaka, Narsapur, Ramayampet, Gajwel, Toopran, Zaheerabad, Narayankhed, Jogipet, Patancheru, Sadasivpet, Sangareddy, Ramachandrapuram, and Gummadidala. IIT Hyderabad is also located in this district.[12]

Parliamentary constituency[edit]

Medak is a Lok Sabha constituency in Indian parliament.

List of elected members:

  • 1957 - P. Hanmanth Rao
  • 1962 - P. Hanmanth Rao
  • 1967 - Sangam Laxmi Bai
  • 1971 -
  • 1977 -
  • 1980 – Indira Gandhi (INC)
  • 1984 – P. Manik Reddy
  • 1989, 1991, 1996 and 1998 – Mogaligundla Baga Reddy
  • 1999 – A. Narendra (BJP)
  • 2004 – A. Narendra (TRS)
  • 2009 – Vijayashanti (TRS)
  • 2014 - kotha prabhakar (TRS)


In 2006 the Indian government named Medak one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[13] It is one of the thirteen districts in Andhra Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[13]

Household indicators[edit]

In 2007–2008 the International Institute for Population Sciences interviewed 1169 households in 43 villages across the district.[14] They found that 89.6% had access to electricity, 96.2% had drinking water, 34.5% toilet facilities, and 27.5% lived in a pucca (permanent) home.[14] 28.9% of girls wed before the legal age of 18[15] and 87.4% of interviewees carried a BPL card.[14]



There are 46 mandals in Medak district.[16]


According to the 2011 census Medak district has a population of 3,031,877,[17] roughly equal to the nation of Oman[18]

Religions in Medak district
Religion Percentage

Flora and fauna[edit]

Red avadavat (Amandava amandava) at Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary, Medak district

Narsapur Forest, located 35 km from Hyderabad, is spread between Gummadidala and Narsapur. This forest covers 30 km2. This has variety of trees, many lakes and supports wildlife. Lately, this has become a hotspot for Telugu film shootings.

Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary, located 75 km from Medak and 5 km from Sangareddy, is spread over 20 km2. The average width of the sanctuary is 500 to 800 m. Nestling between Manjeera and Singoor barrages, the Manjira wild life sanctuary comprises nine small islands which are home to a number of resident and migratory birds in addition to marsh crocodiles and muggar.

Madyaragam which is quiet old with Gandhi statue inside, with 30 metres (98 ft) height which is located in the center of the city


  1. ^ "Notification" (PDF). The Gazette of India. Government of India. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "Profile". Medak District. Retrieved 2014-02-14. 
  4. ^ "Census GIS India". Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  5. ^ Comprehensive History and Culture of Andhra Pradesh: Pre- and protohistoric ... - Google Books. Retrieved 2014-02-14. 
  6. ^ v ramchandra rao. "Prehistoric rock art near Hyderabad, India". Retrieved 2014-02-14. 
  7. ^ During the era of Qutub Shahis this was named as Gulshanabad due to its vegetation and gardens. later it was again changed to Medak district.
  8. ^ Top Communications. "Medak Introduction". Retrieved 2014-02-14. 
  9. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  10. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  11. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Prince Charles Island 9,521 
  12. ^ "IIT Hyderabad | Home". Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  13. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  14. ^ a b c "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Andhra Pradesh" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-03. 
  15. ^ "How Do I? : Obtain Marriage Certificate". National Portal Content Management Team, National Informatics Centre. 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-03. To be eligible for marriage, the minimum age limit is 21 for males and 18 for females. 
  16. ^ "AP Fact File: District Information-Medak". APonline. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  17. ^ "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  18. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". 

External links[edit]