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Medawachchiya is a town in the Anuradhapura District, North Central Province of Sri Lanka. Situated 27 km from Anuradhapura, on the A9 Jaffna - Kandy main road, it is 229 km from Colombo. Medawachchiya is also the point from which the A14 main road to Mannar and Talaimannar starts. Medawachchiya is a significant railway junction on Sri Lanka Railways' northern network. Medawachchiya is the junction between the Northern Line and the Mannar Line.
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The railway track on the Mannar Line was abandoned during the civil war due to terrorist activities of the Tamil Tigers which was active in the area from 1983 till May 2008 when the area was completely liberated by the Sri Lanka Army. Northern Line rail track around Medawachchiya survived the war, but were also destroyed further north. Following the end of the conflict, reconstruction of the lost railway network had begun.
Home to a Divisional Secretary of the government and many other government and commercial institutions, Medawachchiya is fast growing town on the main supply route to Northern Sri Lanka.
It is the main center of northern part of Sri Lanka.[original research?] From Medawachchiya, there are four main roads to four directions. First as Jaffna, Kandy, Mannar and Trincomalee. It is very suitable to develop as commercial center. The climate also as good as to better commercial activities.
Medawachchiya has a significant railway station and is an important railway junction along Sri Lanka Railways' northern network. Medawachchiya is the junction between the Northern Line and the Mannar Line, offering services to Colombo, Jaffna, Kankasanturai, and Talaimannar.
The Mannar Line (also known as Indo-Lanka railway) is partially closed due to war and reconstruction. The 43 km stretch between Medawachchiya and Madhu Road was reopened to passenger service on 14 May 2013, as the first phase of rebuilding the line. The first train marked the start of the long awaited train services on the line. Sri Lanka’s Economic Development Minister Basil Rajapaksa, Transport Minister Kumara Welgama, and Indian High Commissioner Ashok K Kantha were among the first passengers on the train that left from Anuradhapura to Madhu Road station in the Northern Province. Governor of Northern Province G A Chandrasiri, senior Minister Douglas Dayananda, General Manager, Sri Lanka Railways B A P Ariyaratne, and General Manager, IRCON S L Gupta were present at the ceremony.
This is the first phase of the citation needed], 252-km long Northern Railway project, including the Mannar Line, is being funded by the Government of India under its special Line of Credit. The line has been constructed on schedule by IRCON International, an Indian Railways undertaking. The Mannar Line will be extended up to the port of Mannar on the Western coast.[
Medawachchiya there four main roads to Horopathana; roads go to 08 km Ralapanawa village in buduras viharaya temple.