Medenine

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Medenine
مدنين
Town Hall of Medenine
Town Hall of Medenine
Medenine is located in Tunisia
Medenine
Medenine
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 33°21′17″N 010°30′19″E / 33.35472°N 10.50528°E / 33.35472; 10.50528Coordinates: 33°21′17″N 010°30′19″E / 33.35472°N 10.50528°E / 33.35472; 10.50528
Country Tunisia
GovernorateMedenine Governorate
Delegation(s)Medenine North, Medenine South
Government
 • MayorMoncef Ben Yemna (Ennahda)
Population
 (2014)
 • City71,695
 • Metro
109,409
Time zoneUTC1 (CET)

Medenine (Arabic: مدنين Mednin) is the major town in south-eastern Tunisia, 77 kilometres (48 mi) south of the port of Gabès and the Island of Djerba, on the main route to Libya. It is the capital of Medenine Governorate.

Overview[edit]

Panorama of Medenine
BASA-3K-7-350-15-Medenine, Tunisia.jpg
BASA-3K-7-350-16-Medenine, Tunisia.jpg
Market in Medenine

In pre-colonial times, Medenine was already the most important trading centre in the south, attracting merchants from all over North Africa and even from Bornu, to the south of the Sahara. The Ksar housed the central granaries of the various nomadic Berber tribes of the region.

The area was the scene of an unsuccessful German counter-attack by General Erwin Rommel as part of Operation Capri during March 1943 against British Eighth Army forces. The Battle of Medenine was Rommel's last engagement in Africa before he was replaced by General Hans-Jürgen von Arnim as commander of the Afrika Korps.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Medenine (1981–2010, extremes 1968–2017)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.8
(92.8)
36.3
(97.3)
39.1
(102.4)
40.5
(104.9)
43.9
(111.0)
47.2
(117.0)
48.1
(118.6)
47.7
(117.9)
48.5
(119.3)
41.6
(106.9)
35.5
(95.9)
31.4
(88.5)
48.5
(119.3)
Average high °C (°F) 17.5
(63.5)
19.3
(66.7)
22.2
(72.0)
25.8
(78.4)
29.8
(85.6)
33.6
(92.5)
36.5
(97.7)
37.0
(98.6)
33.4
(92.1)
29.4
(84.9)
23.4
(74.1)
18.6
(65.5)
27.2
(81.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.3
(54.1)
13.6
(56.5)
16.2
(61.2)
19.2
(66.6)
23.1
(73.6)
26.7
(80.1)
29.4
(84.9)
30.0
(86.0)
27.3
(81.1)
23.6
(74.5)
17.8
(64.0)
13.6
(56.5)
21.1
(69.9)
Average low °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
8.2
(46.8)
10.6
(51.1)
13.4
(56.1)
17.0
(62.6)
20.4
(68.7)
22.8
(73.0)
23.7
(74.7)
21.9
(71.4)
18.2
(64.8)
12.8
(55.0)
8.9
(48.0)
15.4
(59.8)
Record low °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
−1.0
(30.2)
−0.5
(31.1)
3.1
(37.6)
7.0
(44.6)
10.5
(50.9)
13.2
(55.8)
14.2
(57.6)
12.0
(53.6)
4.5
(40.1)
1.3
(34.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
−2.0
(28.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 23.2
(0.91)
13.6
(0.54)
19.7
(0.78)
9.9
(0.39)
5.2
(0.20)
1.8
(0.07)
0.2
(0.01)
1.1
(0.04)
14.7
(0.58)
21.0
(0.83)
22.0
(0.87)
29.5
(1.16)
161.9
(6.38)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 3.0 2.8 3.1 1.6 1.4 0.4 0.1 0.1 1.7 2.8 2.3 3.3 22.6
Average relative humidity (%) 59 56 57 56 55 55 54 57 63 64 62 61 58
Mean monthly sunshine hours 195.3 204.4 235.6 255.0 257.3 291.0 322.4 316.2 264.0 232.5 186.0 192.2 2,951.9
Source: Institut National de la Météorologie (precipitation days/humidity/sun 1961–1990)[1][2][3][4][note 1]

In popular culture[edit]

[7][8][9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Les normales climatiques en Tunisie entre 1981 2010" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 19 December 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  2. ^ "Données normales climatiques 1961-1990" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  3. ^ @EKMeteo (9 January 2021). "🌡️Chaleur exceptionnelle entre l'est..." (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  4. ^ "Les extrêmes climatiques en Tunisie" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Réseau des stations météorologiques synoptiques de la Tunisie" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  6. ^ "Movie-Locations.com: The Phantom Menace". Archived from the original on 2016-06-04. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
  7. ^ The Star Wars Traveler by Gus Lopez and Pamela Gren.
  8. ^ Loms Galactic Tours by Loms.
  9. ^ Stars of the Desert - A journey across the dunes of Tunisia to discover lost "Tatooine" by Brady Walters.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Station ID for Medenine is 57070111.[5]

External links[edit]

Media related to Medenine at Wikimedia Commons