Medeu

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Medeu
Medeu logo.png
Medeobanen1.jpg
Medeu ice rink (aerial view)
Location Almaty, Kazakhstan
Owner City of Almaty
Capacity 8,500
Construction
Built 1949–1951
Opened 1951
Renovated 1972, 2003, 2009
Construction cost Kazakhstani tenge symbol.svg 19.4 billion tenge (approx. 131.8 million $)
Tenants
2011 Asian Winter Games,
2012 Bandy World Championship,
2017 Winter Universiade

The Medeu, (Kazakh: Медеу; Medeu) is an outdoor speed skating and bandy rink. It is located in a mountain valley (Medeu Valley, or the valley of Malaya Almatinka River) on the south-eastern outskirts of Almaty, Kazakhstan. Medeu sits 1,691 metres above sea level. It consists of 10.5 thousand square meters of ice and utilizes a sophisticated freezing and watering system to ensure the quality of the ice.

History[edit]

The Medeu is a high-altitude sports complex near Almaty, located at an altitude of 1691 meters above sea level. It is considered to be the world's largest high-mountain skating rink. The skating rink was named after the Maloalmatinsky volost Medeu Pusurmanov. He built three wooden huts for the wintering of his family there, and began the development of the tract in the foothills of the Zailiysky Alatau. Medeu became a well-known entrepreneur, patron of educational institutions, and participated in the planting of the city.

In 1930, a sanatorium was opened in the area named "MDO" (Local holiday home). Construction of the skating rink began in the fall of 1949, and the first competition took place at the stadium on 4 February 1951. The capital of the Kazakh SSR was responsible for building the new skating rink. The complex was meant to prepare athletes for competitions in the highlands. The site was chosen by a special commission from Moscow. The construction of the Medeu rink involved over 1,300 workers.

On the opening day of the skating rink (February 5, 1951), it established two world and six all-Union records. During the opening ceremony, a traditional parade of athletes was held, honoring the veteran skaters. For the following 17 seasons, 47 world records were established on the ice rink. The level of solar radiation in the area, as well as low pressure and a weak wind was thought to be a key aspect in numerous world records broken within the complex. Also, the ice used on the skating rink was thought to be an important factor as it's composed of water from Malya Almatinka (providing high sliding speeds).

In 1972, the Medeu started its own system of artificial ice. This was carried out by a team of Soviet engineers (and remains until the present). The site's artificial ice covers the entire site (a total of 10.5 thousand square meters). The Ministry of Highways renovated and asphalted the road from Abai Avenue to the Medeu, building two bridges through Malaya Almatinka. The Medeu eventually evolved from a sports facility into a major recreation space.

In the stands, the complex seated 10.5 thousand people. The complex also included cloakrooms, buffets designed for 500 people, a hotel for athletes, a bottling room, a room with a film projector, rooms for judges, a press center, a bathhouse and rental points for skates. In 1974, Medeu hosted the European Speed Skating Championships in its arena. In the second half of the 80s, it was closed for reconstruction, stretching for seven years.

From September 2001 to December 2002, a reconstruction of the Medeu was carried out. During this time a new refrigerating plant was installed by the Finnish company BG International. This involved 140 km of pipelines, and filling a new concrete foundation in the field. The main part of engineering systems was replaced, a new refrigerating station was installed Builders also increased the comfort of the stands, reducing their capacity to 8100 people.[3]

The Medeu was fully renovated in 2011 for the Asian Winter Games, and became a major training base for the ice skaters of the USSR. Over 200 speed world records were set there in numerous sports, including speed skating and others. Medeu remains an important centre for the training of winter sports athletes from Kazakhstan and other regions. Over 120 World Records have been documented there in numerous sports, including speed skating and others.[4] [5] In 1972, the rink made a transition from natural ice rink to artificial ice rink.[6]

The other main attraction at Medeu is the dam across the valley. The Medeu Dam, built in the late 1960s, is located south of the skating rink. The dam has 3 successive altitude levels. Special water reservoir allows holding of approximately 6 million cubic meters of water. Stairs consisting of 842 steps were built to access the dam.[7] It dam was built to protect Almaty from potentially stone and mudflows precipitated by rains and thawing of snow. The dam was called into action in 1973, when some 4.5 million cubic metres of water and ebris, flooding down the gorge, were stopped short here.[8]

2011 Winter Asian Games[edit]

On 4 March 2006, Kazakhstan received the right to host the 2011 Asian Games. The Winter Asian Games were the largest scale competition ever to take place in Kazakhstan, and took place from 30 January until 6 February (2006). While a large portion of the events took place in Astana, Almaty hosted a number of the events, including ski jumps, cross-country skiing, and others. As a result, in 2009 the Medeu stadium was renovated, reopening on 16 December after undergoing 19.4 billion tenge (131.8 million USD) in construction costs.[9]

The Medeo stadium and ski resort Shymbulak underwent major reconstruction during the preparations for 2011 Asian Winter Games. Most of their engineering and technical systems were replaced. It also incorporated a new refrigeration station for cooling the ice. It established a new multimedia display area of 200 m². Capacity of spectator stands increased to 8500 seats.[10]

2012 Bandy World Championship[edit]

From 29 January to 5 February 2012, the XXXIInd Bandy World Championship took place at the Medeo. The right to host the WCS was given to Kazakhstan on 28 January 2011 at the congress of the Federation of International Bandy (held in Kazan).[11] Fourteen teams attended the world championship.[12][13] In the final game, the Russian team lost to Sweden (4:5). The Kazakh team won the third place by defeating the Finland’s team (10:5).

Current use[edit]

Medeo maintains its status as one of the best-known tourist locations in Kazakhstan. The stadium is open to the public all year round, allowing visitors to skate at high altitude day or night. During night hours, skaters can enjoy music and lights in the stadium either from the ice, or from VIP boxes available for rent.[14]

The Medeu stadium and Dam also remain the location for Almaty's International Medeu-marathon. During this event, competitors run up from the city to this well-known location, climbing almost 1000 vertical meters before returning to Almaty to finish.[15]

The 2017 Winter Universiade took place in Almaty; for which Medeu was used for speed skating.

Tourism[edit]

There are several hiking trails that originate from the Medeu main bus stop. There is access to the Shymbulak Skiing resort from the Medeu cable car station. This involves a 15-20 minute scenic ride above the area's mountain tops and rivers. Kimassar trail is a 2 hour hike to the top of Furmanov Peak, where hikers have access to swinging on iconic wooden swings. Kok-Zhailyau trail is a 3 hour hike, and leads to hot springs with thermal water (the place is equipped with changing booths, tiny thermal water pool and outdoors gym). Shymbulak trail is a 2 hour hike, and leads to Shymbulak Skiing resort.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Some content on this page was translated from the Russian language page on this subject.

  1. ^ http://translate.google.co.uk/translate?hl=en&sl=ru&u=http%3A%2F%2Fbandynet.ru%2Fv1%2Fnode%2F14931
  2. ^ Image of President Nursultan Nazarbayev attending the 2011 Asian Winter Games final
  3. ^ История катка "Медеу" . Zakon.kz. Retrieved on 26 February 2014.
  4. ^ Brummell, Paul (2011). Kazakhstan. Bradt Travel Guides. ISBN 978-1841623696. 
  5. ^ About
  6. ^ Bijlsma c.s. 1978, pp. 59–60.
  7. ^ Ледовый каток Медео :: Высокогорный комплекс и горнолыжный курорт Медео. Курорты Казахстана. Kazakhstan.orexca.com. Retrieved on 26 February 2014.
  8. ^ Brummell, Paul (2011). Kazakhstan. Bradt Travel Guides. ISBN 978-1841623696. 
  9. ^ (in Russian) Стоимость входа на высокогорный каток «Медео» с 16 декабря составит 1600 тенге. Zakon.kz. Retrieved on 26 February 2014.
  10. ^ Высокогорный каток Медео в Алмате – Казахстан, ледовый каток,катание на коньках,фигурное катание,азиада 2011. Medey.kz. Retrieved on 26 February 2014.
  11. ^ ХОККЕЙ С МЯЧОМ• ЧЕМПИОНАТ МИРА• ЧМ-2012 ПРОЙДЕТ НА “МЕДЕО”• ВНИМАНИЕ! Смотрите прямые трансляции решающих матчей на интернет-портале “СЭ” – www.sport-expre ss . ru. СПОРТ-ЭКСПРЕСС: Ежедневная спортивная газета / SPORT-EXPRESS: Daily sport newspaper. Чемпионаты мира и Европы по футболу, хоккею, баскетболу. Биатлон, теннис, зимние виды спор. Sport-express.ru (29 January 2011). Retrieved on 26 February 2014.
  12. ^ День до старта. liter.kz. 28 January 2012
  13. ^ История игр. bandy2012.kz
  14. ^ High-mountain skating rink MEDEU – Almaty, Kazakhstan. Medey.kz (28 March 2012). Retrieved on 26 February 2014.
  15. ^ Over 150 people took part in 'Medeu-marathon' in Almaty. Kazinform.kz (28 May 2011). Retrieved on 26 February 2014.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bijlsma, Hedman with Tom Dekkers; Alex Dumas; Arie van Erk; Gé du Maine; Hans Niezen and Karel Verbeek. Schaatsseizoen '77–'78: 6e Jaargang, statistische terugblik. Steenwijk, the Netherlands, November 1978.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°09′27″N 77°03′31″E / 43.15750°N 77.05861°E / 43.15750; 77.05861

Events and tenants
Preceded by
Trudovye Rezervy Stadium
Kazan
Bandy World Championship
Final Venue

2012
Succeeded by
Arena Vänersborg
Vänersborg