Medford, New Jersey
|Medford, New Jersey|
|Township of Medford|
Downtown Medford at Main Street (CR 541) and Union Street
Medford Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Medford Township, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 1, 1847|
|Named for||Medford, Massachusetts|
|• Type||Faulkner Act Council-Manager|
|• Body||Township Council|
|• Mayor||Jeff Beenstock (R, term on council ends December 31, 2017)|
|• Manager||Katherine Burger|
|• Clerk||Katherine Burger|
|• Total||39.929 sq mi (103.416 km2)|
|• Land||38.921 sq mi (100.804 km2)|
|• Water||1.008 sq mi (2.611 km2) 2.52%|
|Area rank||57th of 566 in state
8th of 40 in county
|Elevation||52 ft (16 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||23,414|
|• Rank||108th of 566 in state
5th of 40 in county
|• Density||591.8/sq mi (228.5/km2)|
|• Density rank||429th of 566 in state
27th of 40 in county"
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|Area code||609 exchanges: 654, 714, 953|
|GNIS feature ID||0882083|
Medford is a township in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 23,033, reflecting an increase of 780 (+3.5%) from the 22,253 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,727 (+8.4%) from the 20,526 counted in the 1990 Census.
Medford was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 1, 1847, from portions of Evesham Township, based on the results of a referendum held that day. Portions of the township were taken to form Shamong Township (February 19, 1852), Lumberton Township (March 14, 1860) and Medford Lakes (May 17, 1939).
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Parks and recreation
- 5 Government
- 6 Education
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Notable people
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The area known as Medford was sold to Samual Coles in 1670, in all it consisted of 900 acres (3.6 km²). Within the next few years the Braddock, Prickett, Stratton, Branin, and Wilkins families moved to the area (many of whom continue to live in the area today). Upper Evesham, as it was then known, continued to grow from scattered homesteads into a small village. Many of the building and roads built between the sale of the land and the American Revolutionary War are still in existence, which include Oliphant's Mill, Christopher's Mill and the Shamong Trail (now known as Stokes Road).
In 1820, when the Post Office opened, the area was officially called Medford of Upper Evesham, using a name that had been pushed by Mark Reeve, a developer who had recently visited Medford, Massachusetts. On March 1, 1847, Medford Township was "set apart from" Evesham Township by Act of the New Jersey Legislature. The first township meeting was held at the Cross Roads (County Route 541 and Church Road) on March 9, 1847. The seat of township government remained there for several years. Part of Medford Township was taken on February 19, 1852, to form Shamong Township, on March 14, 1860, portions were taken to form Lumberton Township. The borders remained unchanged until May 17, 1939, when Medford Lakes was formed.
A thriving glass making industry developed in Medford as early as 1825 with a glass making furnace making window panes. By 1850, William Porter was operating a glass factory on a triangle of property formed by South Main Street, Mill Street, and Trimble Street. Glass making operating continued on the property throughout the 1880s under company names including Medford Glass Works and Star Glass, which at its peak employed about 250 workers and built up a "company town" of sorts with houses for owners and managers and housing for workers. A company store enabled workers to exchange scrip for food and necessities. Glassmaking operations ended around 1925 and the factory was torn down by the mid-1940s. Today, many of the nearly 30 workers' homes are neatly kept homes on Trimble and Mill Streets, as well as the owners' / managers' residence at 126 South Main St. and the company store at 132 South Main Street.
Medford's location along the Camden and Atlantic Railroad, increased trade and Medford expanded at a rapid rate in the years after the Civil War. By the 1920s the rail line had been dismantled and the mill industry was in decline, but Medford's proximity to Philadelphia and Camden County allowed the township's growth to continue as many families moved from the city and into a more rural area.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 39.929 square miles (103.416 km2), including 38.921 square miles (100.804 km2) of land and 1.008 square miles (2.611 km2) of water (2.52%).
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Birchwood Lakes, Braddocks Mill, Chairville, Christopher Mills, Crossroads, Fairview, Kirbys Mill, Medford Lakes in the Pines, Melrose, Oak Knoll, Oakanickon, Oliphants Mills, Pipers Corners, Reeves, Taunton, Taunton Lake and Wilkins.
The township is one of 56 South Jersey municipalities that are included within the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, a protected natural area of unique ecology covering 1,100,000 acres (450,000 ha), that has been classified as a United States Biosphere Reserve and established by Congress in 1978 as the nation's first National Reserve. Part of the township is included in the state-designated Pinelands Area, which includes portions of Burlington County, along with areas in Atlantic, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester and Ocean counties.
Medford Lakes is an independent municipality encircled within the boundaries of Medford Township, making it half one of 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality entirely surrounds another. The township borders Evesham Township (known as Marlton), Lumberton Township, Mount Laurel Township, Shamong Township, Southampton Township, Tabernacle Township in Burlington County and Waterford Township in Camden County.
|Population sources: 1850-2000
1850 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
The 2010 United States Census counted 23,033 people, 8,277 households, and 6,456 families residing in the township. The population density was 591.8 per square mile (228.5/km2). The township contained 8,652 housing units at an average density of 222.3 per square mile (85.8/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 94.33% (21,726) White, 1.53% (353) Black or African American, 0.16% (36) Native American, 2.03% (467) Asian, 0.03% (6) Pacific Islander, 0.56% (130) from other races, and 1.37% (315) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.60% (600) of the population.
Out of a total of 8,277 households, 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.3% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.0% were non-families. 18.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the township, 26.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 20.6% from 25 to 44, 33.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.6 years. For every 100 females the census counted 94.4 males, but for 100 females at least 18 years old, it was 92.3 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $107,883 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,728) and the median family income was $122,986 (+/- $5,037). Males had a median income of $82,169 (+/- $6,188) versus $58,324 (+/- $5,381) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $45,926 (+/- $2,571). About 0.8% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.1% of those under age 18 and 1.5% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 22,253 people, 7,946 households, and 6,285 families residing in the township. The population density was 566.0 people per square mile (218.5/km²). There were 8,147 housing units at an average density of 207.2 per square mile (80.0/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 96.74% White, 0.76% African American, 0.12% Native American, 1.47% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.13% of the population.
There were 7,946 households out of which 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.8% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.9% were non-families. 17.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the township the age distribution of the population shows 26.8% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 30.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $83,059, and the median income for a family was $97,135. Males had a median income of $69,786 versus $37,012 for females. The per capita income for the township was $38,641. About 0.9% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.1% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.
Parks and recreation
- Woodford Cedar Run Wildlife Refuge is a 170-acre nature preserve and wildlife rehabilitation center located on the southern border of Medford and is open to the public.
- Freedom Park is a public park with extensive playground equipment, basketball and volleyball courts, bike paths, large pavilions, and large multipurpose fields including a dog run.
- Kirby's Mill is a grist mill (flour mill) that has been added to the National Register of Historic Places.
- Medford Canoe Trail is a recently cleared canoe trail connecting Medford Park to Kirby's Mill.
- Historic Medford Village offer shopping, historic homes and an old-fashioned atmosphere, servingas the site of Medford's traditional Dickens Festival.
- JCC Camps at Medford near Medford Lakes is the largest Jewish day camp in North America, operating since 1942. Part of the Jewish Federation of Southern New Jersey, the camp is accredited by the American Camp Association. It accepts children as young as four years old, and campers come from all over the tri-county area (Camden, Burlington, and Gloucester counties). Teenagers age 14 or older can join the Counselor-in-Training program to become counselors, lifeguards, or specialists. The camp offers a kosher lunch. The camp is surrounded by the many lakes of Medford, located within the New Jersey Pine Barrens. The campsite has a 4-acre (16,000 m2) lake for boating and fishing, as well as four in-ground pools for swimming. There are four playgrounds, a petting zoo and several athletic fields, including tennis and hockey courts, and a ropes course.
- Camp Ockanickon, established in 1906, is a YMCA summer camp and conference center that covers 800 acres (320 ha) in the Pine Barrens.
Medford Township operates within the Faulkner Act (formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law) under the Council-Manager (Plan E) form of municipal government, implemented based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission as of January 1, 1980. The Township is governed by a five-member Council, elected at-large in partisan elections to four-year terms of office as part of the November general election on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats up for election in odd-numbered years. At a reorganization meeting held in January after each election, the Council selects a Mayor and a Deputy Mayor from among its members.
As of 2016[update], members of the Medford Township Council are Mayor Jeff Beenstock (R, term on council ends December 31, 2017; term as mayor ends 2016), Deputy Mayor Chuck Watson (R, term on council ends 2017; term as deputy mayor ends 2016), Chris Buoni (R, 2019), Frank Czekay (R, 2019) and Bradley Denn (R, 2017; serving an unexpired term).
The township council selected Brad Denn in October 2014 from three candidates nominated by the Democratic municipal committee to fill the vacant seat of James "Randy" Pace, who resigned from office after he moved out of state.
Jeff Beenstock was appointed in December 2011 to fill the vacancy of Dave Brown who resigned in November. James "Randy" Pace was elected in November 2013 to fill the remaining two years on council seat vacated by Joseph Lynn; Mark Sander had filled Lynn's vacant seat on an interim basis, but declined to run for election for the balance of the term.
Victoria Fay was removed from her council seat in April 2011 after the other members of the council determined that she was a resident of Evesham Township in violation of a state law requiring elected officials to be residents of the municipality, having moved there in November 2010 during her pending divorce. She was replaced in April by Dominic Grosso, a former township mayor.
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's 3rd Congressional District is represented by Tom MacArthur (R, Toms River). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 8th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Dawn Marie Addiego (R, Evesham Township) and in the General Assembly by Maria Rodriguez-Gregg (R, Evesham Township) and Joe Howarth (R, Evesham Township). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Burlington County is governed by a Board of chosen freeholders, whose five members are elected at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year. The board chooses a director and deputy director from among its members at an annual reorganization meeting held in January. As of 2015[update], Burlington County's Freeholders are Director Mary Ann O'Brien (R, Medford Township, 2017; Director of Administration and Human Services), Deputy Director Bruce Garganio (R, Florence Township, 2017; Director of Public Works and Health), Aimee Belgard (D, Edgewater Park Township, 2015; Director of Hospital, Medical Services and Education) Joseph Donnelly (R, Cinnaminson Township, 2016; Director of Public Safety, Natural Resources, and Education) and Joanne Schwartz (D, Southampton Township, 2015; Director of Health and Corrections). Constitutional officers are County Clerk Tim Tyler, Sheriff Jean E. Stanfield and Surrogate George T. Kotch.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 16,632 registered voters in Medford Township, of which 3,893 (23.4% vs. 33.3% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 5,406 (32.5% vs. 23.9%) were registered as Republicans and 7,320 (44.0% vs. 42.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 13 voters registered to other parties. Among the township's 2010 Census population, 72.2% (vs. 61.7% in Burlington County) were registered to vote, including 97.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 80.3% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 7,499 votes here (55.8% vs. 40.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 5,747 votes (42.7% vs. 58.1%) and other candidates with 130 votes (1.0% vs. 1.0%), among the 13,451 ballots cast by the township's 17,574 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.5% (vs. 74.5% in Burlington County). In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 7,049 votes here (52.3% vs. 39.9% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 6,214 votes (46.1% vs. 58.4%) and other candidates with 135 votes (1.0% vs. 1.0%), among the 13,466 ballots cast by the township's 16,535 registered voters, for a turnout of 81.4% (vs. 80.0% in Burlington County). In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 7,615 votes here (57.4% vs. 46.0% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 5,551 votes (41.8% vs. 52.9%) and other candidates with 78 votes (0.6% vs. 0.8%), among the 13,266 ballots cast by the township's 16,086 registered voters, for a turnout of 82.5% (vs. 78.8% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 5,628 votes here (71.0% vs. 61.4% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 2,067 votes (26.1% vs. 35.8%) and other candidates with 107 votes (1.3% vs. 1.2%), among the 7,929 ballots cast by the township's 17,464 registered voters, yielding a 45.4% turnout (vs. 44.5% in the county). In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 5,371 votes here (60.1% vs. 47.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 2,987 votes (33.4% vs. 44.5%), Independent Chris Daggett with 438 votes (4.9% vs. 4.8%) and other candidates with 83 votes (0.9% vs. 1.2%), among the 8,931 ballots cast by the township's 16,733 registered voters, yielding a 53.4% turnout (vs. 44.9% in the county).
The Medford Township Public Schools is a public school district that serves students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade, with five elementary schools serving students in preschool through fifth grade, a single school serving sixth graders and another school serving seventh and eighth graders. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its seven schools had an enrollment of 4,157 students and 205.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 20.3:1. Schools in the district (with 2014-15 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Milton H. Allen School (359 students; grades K-5), Chairville Elementary School (417; K-5), Cranberry Pines School (349; K-5), Kirby's Mill Elementary School (311; PreK-5), Taunton Forge School (295; K-5), Maurice and Everett Haines Sixth Grade Center for 6th grade (331) and Medford Memorial Middle School for 7th and 8th grades (669).
Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Shawnee High School, located in Medford Township, which serves students in ninth through twelfth grade from both Medford Lakes and Medford Township. The school is part of the Lenape Regional High School District, which also serves students from Evesham Township, Mount Laurel Township, Shamong Township, Southampton Township, Tabernacle Township and Woodland Township. As of the 2014-15 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 1,597 students and 124.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.8:1.
Burlington County Institute of Technology is a countywide public vocational-technical school district serving students throughout Burlington County, with campuses in Medford and Westampton Township. As of the 2014-15 school year, the Burlington County Institute of Technology Medford Campus had an enrollment of 834 students and 65.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.8:1.
Established in 1954, St. Mary of the Lakes School is a Catholic school that serves students in Pre-K through eighth grade, operated under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 179.25 miles (288.47 km) of roadways, of which 153.27 miles (246.66 km) were maintained by the municipality, 21.85 miles (35.16 km) by Burlington County and 4.13 miles (6.65 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
NJ Transit used to provide bus service to and from Philadelphia on the 406 bus route which ended in Evesham Township but has been discontinued. Greyhound Lines provides nationwide service from nearby Mount Laurel.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Medford include:
- David Akers (born 1974), former placekicker for the Philadelphia Eagles.
- Martha W. Bark, former member of the New Jersey Senate and General Assembly, who served as Mayor of Medford in 1981 and 1985.
- Harry Ekman (1923–1999), graphic artist best known for his pin-up and advertising work, specifically with Gil Elvgren.
- Calista Flockhart, (born 1964), actress best known for her title role as Ally McBeal.
- Jamie Franks (born 1986), professional soccer player.
- Ron Gassert (born 1940), former NFL defensive tackle who played for two seasons with the Green Bay Packers.
- Ryan Heins (born 1985), retired soccer defender and midfielder.
- James Hunter III (1916–1989), judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit.
- Charlie and Richie Ingui, the brothers who founded and sing with the R&B group The Soul Survivors.
- Kelli James (born 1970), former field hockey striker who earned a total number of 144 caps for the United States women's national field hockey team.
- Ron Jaworski (born 1951), former NFL quarterback and current analyst on ESPN.
- Stephen King (born 1986), soccer player for the D.C. United.
- Jason Knapp, sportscaster for the CBS Sports Network.
- Carl Lewis (born 1961), athlete and winner of nine Olympic gold medals.
- Ryan Maki (born 1985), hockey right winger.
- Kenneth G. Miller (born 1956), geologist at Rutgers University who has written and lectured on global warming and sea level change.
- Chris Myers (born 1965), former mayor of Meford who resigned from the Township Council in December 2011.
- Rebecca Quick, (born 1972), television journalist/newscaster and co-anchorwoman of CNBC's financial news show Squawk Box.
- Scott Rudder (born 1969), represents the 8th legislative district in the New Jersey General Assembly and previously served as Mayor of Medford.
- Dee Dee Sharp (born 1945), R & B singer whose hits included Billboard #2 "Mashed Potato Time".
- Don Snow (born 1957), musician best known for his work with the band Squeeze.
- Drew Van Acker (born 1986), actor who has appeared in the Pretty Little Liars TV series.
- Albert W. Van Duzer (1917-1999), bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of New Jersey, serving from 1973 to 1982.
- Mitch Williams (born 1964), former relief pitcher who earned 192 saves in his 11 MLB seasons.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Council and Manager's Office, Township of Medford. Accessed June 21, 2016.
- 2016 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- Clerk's Office, Township of Medford. Accessed September 14, 2014.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 38.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Medford, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Medford Township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 21, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 5. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Medford Township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 21, 2012.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - 2015 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 22, 2016.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 15, 2013.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Medford, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed June 21, 2012.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Medford, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed November 27, 2013.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed June 21, 2012.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed June 21, 2012.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 98. Accessed June 21, 2012.
- Tergesen, Anne. "Welcome To Medford's Inexact History Its Signs Say 'Established 1692.' A Little Research Was Enough To Put A Damper On Celebrations.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, November 3, 1992. Accessed June 21, 2012.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed August 26, 2015.
- Medford Historical Society, Medford: Pioneering Township, 1975, Burlington County College.
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- The Pinelands National Reserve, New Jersey Pinelands Commission. Accessed November 27, 2013.
- Pinelands Municipalities, New Jersey Pinelands Commission, April 2003. Accessed November 27, 2013.
- DeMarco, Megan. "Voters to decide whether to merge two Princetons into one", The Star-Ledger, November 3, 2011. Accessed January 8, 2017. "There are 22 sets of 'doughnut towns' in New Jersey, those where one town wraps around the other town". Note that following voter approval of the Princeton merger, 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" remain.
- Areas touching Medford Township, MapIt. Accessed December 28, 2014.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 29, 2016.
- Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Burlington County Municipalities, 1800 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed November 27, 2013.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 15, 2013.
- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 264, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 15, 2013. "Medford township in 1850 contained a population of 3,022; in 1860, 2,136; and in 1870, 2,189. The town of Medford, on Haynes creek, is in this township."
- Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 137. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 15, 2013.
- Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed July 15, 2013.
- Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 15, 2013.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 335. Accessed June 21, 2012.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed June 21, 2012.
- Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Medford Township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 15, 2013.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Medford township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 15, 2013.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Medford township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 21, 2012.
- About the Refuge, Woodford Cedar Run Wildlife Refuge. Accessed July 28, 2013.
- Kirby's Mill, Medford Historical Society. Accessed July 28, 2013.
- About the Trail, Medford Canoe Trail. Accessed July 28, 2013.
- About HMA, Heart of Medford Association. Accessed July 28, 2013.
- About Us: The Ultimate South Jersey Day Camp, JCC Camps at Medford. Accessed September 14, 2014.
- Our History, YMCA Camp Ockanickon, Inc. Accessed September 14, 2014. "Located on 800 acres in the New Jersey Pine Barrens, YMCA Camp Ockanickon, Inc. has welcomed hundreds of thousands of boys, girls and families to its community for more than a century. Established in 1906, YMCA Camp Ockanickon was founded as a place for young men to spend their summers, and in the process, strengthen their character."
- "The Faulkner Act: New Jersey's Optional Municipal Charter Law", New Jersey State League of Municipalities, July 2007. Accessed November 27, 2013.
- 2016 Municipal User Friendly Budget, Township of Medford. Accessed June 21, 2016.
- A Guide to Burlington County - 2015, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed June 21, 2016.
- November 3, 2015 Summary Report Burlington County Official Results / Recounts Appended, Burlington County, New Jersey, November 25, 2015. Accessed June 21, 2016.
- November 5, 2013 Summary Report Burlington County Amended Official Results, Burlington County, New Jersey, December 18, 2013. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Sachdev, Alexis. "Medford Council names Brad Denn to replace Pace", Burlington County Times, October 21, 2014. Accessed May 12, 2015. "The Township Council seat held by James 'Randy' Pace has been filled.The governing body on Tuesday selected Brad Denn as its newest member. Denn, a lifelong resident, is a partner at the local accounting firm Padden Cooper."
- Hefler, Jan. "Medford Mayor Chris Myers resigns amid sex scandal", The Philadelphia Inquirer, December 6, 2011. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Medford Mayor Chris Myers, plagued by allegations of a sex scandal involving a male escort, cited 'work commitments' when he resigned Monday."
- Caulfield, Shannon. "Medford: A year in review January-June", South Jersey Sun News, December 26, 2012. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Councilman Chuck Watson was appointed to the council as replacement for former Mayor Chris Myers, who resigned December 2011."
- Coppock, Kristen. "Council newcomer replaces Brown in Medford", Burlington County Times, December 6, 2011. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Republican Jeff Beenstock was appointed and sworn onto the Township Council late Monday.... Beenstock replaces former Councilman Dave Brown, who resigned last month, citing work obligations."
- Simpson, Rachel. "Victoria Fay voted off Medford council... again", The Central record, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 27, 2013. "In the matter of Victoria Fay's position on Medford Township council, the verdict is — she's out — at least for now. In a unanimous decision, the four remaining council members declared their decision to vacate Fay's seat during a regularly scheduled meeting on Monday night (March 21).... Fay brought the matter to court upon being faced with accusations that she was domiciled in Evesham Township, therefore violating a residency requirement for elected officials who must live in the town they serve."
- Coppock, Kristen. "Former mayor replaces Fay", Burlington County Times, April 19, 2011. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Former Mayor Dominic Grosso was appointed to the Township Council Monday night, replacing ousted elected official Victoria Fay."
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2016 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 60, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed July 20, 2016.
- Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Tom MacArthur Biography, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 7, 2015.
- About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
- Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
- Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
- Legislative Roster 2016-2017 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 17, 2016.
- "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- Staff. Board of Chosen Freeholders, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Mary Ann O'Brien, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Bruce Garganio, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Aimee Belgard, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed August 4, 2014.
- Joseph B. Donnelly, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Joanne Schwartz, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- County Clerk, Burlington County. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Sheriff's Department, Burlington County. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Surrogate, Burlington County. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Voter Registration Summary - Burlington, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed December 25, 2014.
- GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 25, 2014.
- Presidential November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Burlington County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed December 25, 2014.
- Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Burlington County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed December 25, 2014.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Burlington County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed December 25, 2014.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Burlington County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed December 25, 2014.
- 2013 Governor: Burlington County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, January 29, 2014. Accessed December 25, 2014.
- Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast November 5, 2013 General Election Results : Burlington County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, January 29, 2014. Accessed December 25, 2014.
- 2009 Governor: Burlington County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed December 25, 2014.
- District information for Medford Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 7, 2016.
- School Data for the Medford Township Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 7, 2016.
- Milton H. Allen School, Medford Township Public Schools. Accessed January 27, 2017.
- Chairville Elementary School, Medford Township Public Schools. Accessed January 27, 2017.
- Cranberry Pines School, Medford Township Public Schools. Accessed January 27, 2017.
- Kirby's Mill Elementary School, Medford Township Public Schools. Accessed January 27, 2017.
- Taunton Forge School, Medford Township Public Schools. Accessed January 27, 2017.
- Maurice and Everett Haines Sixth Grade Center, Medford Township Public Schools. Accessed January 27, 2017.
- Medford Memorial Middle School, Medford Township Public Schools. Accessed January 27, 2017.
- School Websites, Medford Township Public Schools. Accessed January 27, 2017.
- 2016-2017 Burlington County Public Schools Directory, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2017.
- New Jersey School Directory for the Medford Township Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
- Shawnee High School 2015 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed June 2, 2016. "ATTENDANCE AREA: Medford Township and Medford Lakes Borough"
- Lenape Regional High School District 2015 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed May 28, 2016. "The Lenape Regional High School District (LRHSD) serves the eight municipalities of Evesham, Medford, Mount Laurel, Shamong, Southampton, Tabernacle and Woodland Townships and Medford Lakes Borough."
- Staff. "Regional School Districts", Burlington County Times, April 26, 2015. Accessed May 28, 2016. "LENAPE REGIONAL Serves: Evesham, Medford, Medford Lakes, Mount Laurel, Shamong, Southampton, Tabernacle, Woodland"
- School data for Shawnee High School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 12, 2016.
- Who We Are, Burlington County Institute of Technology. Accessed June 21, 2012.
- School data for Burlington County Inst Of Tech - Medford, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 12, 2016.
- Burlington County Catholic Schools, Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton. Accessed January 22, 2017.
- About Us, St. Mary of the Lakes School. Accessed July 28, 2013.
- Burlington County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 27, 2013.
- Burlington County Bus/Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed November 30, 2011.
- Mink, Nate. "David Akers loyal to Eagles, Philly, in sickness and in health", Philadelphia Daily News, August 19, 2010. Accessed January 18, 2011.
- Senator Bark's legislative web page, New Jersey Legislature, backed up by the Internet Archive as of August 17, 2008. Accessed April 9, 2008.
- Staff. "SOUTH JERSEY NEWS IN BRIEF: DRIVER IN CRITICAL CONDITION AFTER CAR HITS PHONE POLE", The Philadelphia Inquirer, April 18, 1995. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Harry Ekman, 71, of Medford, was critically injured yesterday when his car failed to negotiate a curve on County Route 541 in Burlington County and slammed into a telephone pole."
- Gaul, Lou. "OUTLOOK/CALISTA FLOCKHART: Indiana Jones is getting new leading lady", Burlington County Times, June 19, 2005. Accessed April 1, 2008. "Calista Flockhart, who grew up in Medford and graduated from Shawnee High School in 1983, will reportedly join Ford in the next "Indy" adventure being produced by George Lucas and directed by Steven Spielberg."
- Mazda, Jason. "Former Barons player Jeremiah White recalls long journey from South Jersey Barons to European pro soccer", The Press of Atlantic City, July 13, 2009. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Coach Neil Holloway said alumni such as White and Jamie Franks, a Medford native playing for Chivas USA of the MLS, are major reasons why top players join the Barons now."
- Harbach, Louise. "Furniture-making couple love the craft-show circuit Ron and Sandi Gassert crafted their hobby of creating furniture into a business 20 years ago. Craft Shows and Flea Markets", The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 5, 2003. Accessed January 8, 2015. "Ron Gassert had too much time on his hands.For four years, he and wife, Sandi, had headed to the Vet to watch their son play center for the Temple football team. When the Owls were away, the Medford couple hit the road, too."
- DiVeronica, Jeff. "Rochester Rhinos kick off season with new coach, new lineup", Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, April 10, 2010. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Heins and Franks even grew up five miles apart in Medford, NJ, and played together in high school."
- Staff. "James Hunter 3d, 72, Federal Appeals Judge", The New York Times, February 15, 1989. Accessed March 1, 2011. "James Hunter 3d, a judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit since 1971, died of heart failure Friday at Burlington County Memorial Hospital in Mount Holly, N.J. He was 72 years old and lived in Medford, N.J."
- Logan, Joe. "Still Surviving Fame Was Fleeting For Charlie And Richie Ingui, Who Hit It Big In 1967 With "Expressway To Your Heart." But The South Jersey Brothers Known As The Soul Survivors Are Driving For A Comeback.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, January 2, 1991. Accessed October 24, 2011. "Now residents of Medford, Richie, 43, a house painter with a wife and two children, and Charlie, 47, an occasional landscaper, would love to return to the music business full time."
- Vecsey, George. "OLYMPICS;For U.S. Women, Winning Is Hot Issue in Field Hockey", July 17, 1996. Accessed June 21, 2012. "They water the field", said Kelli James, an attacker from Medford, N.J."
- Yeager, Valeria. "Receipt: Ron Jaworski - Medford resident, former Eagle, current NFL analyst on ESPN", Philadelphia (magazine), February 26, 2010. Accessed January 18, 2011.
- "King Tabbed To Hermann Trophy Watch List; College Soccer News Preseason All-America Team", CSTV, August 13, 2007. Accessed April 9, 2008. "Senior midfielder Stephen King was named to the Missouri Athletic Club's Hermann Trophy Watch List on August 8 and was also placed on the College Soccer News 2007 Preseason All-America First Team. The Medford, N.J., product was a semifinalist for the Hermann Trophy last season, which is awarded to the nation's best collegiate soccer player."
- Bios, CBS Sports Network. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Jason Knapp is a play-by-play announcer for CBS Sports Network, calling the action for a variety of sports including basketball and lacrosse.... Originally from Medford, N.J., he now lives in Clarks Summit, Pa."
- Farrell, Joelle. "Lewis tossed off ballot — again", The Philadelphia Inquirer, August 16, 2011. Accessed June 21, 2012. "Although Lewis, 50, of Medford, won the Democratic nomination for state Senate in Burlington County's Eighth Legislative District last spring, Guadagno declined to certify him. She said that the Olympic track star, who voted as recently as 2009 in California elections, did not meet the state's four-year residency requirement to run."
- Nashville Signs Forward Ryan Maki, Our Sports Central, July 14, 2009. Accessed August 18, 2013. "Maki posted 25 points (12g-13a) in his second professional season with Milwaukee in 2008-09, scoring ten more goals (12) and racking up ten more assists (13) than as a rookie in 2007-08. The Medford, N.J., native led the 2008-09 Admirals in plus/minus rating (+14), and appeared in all 11 of the club's Calder Cup Playoff games."
- Ryan Maki, the Internet Hockey Database. Accessed April 9, 2008.
- Kenneth G. Miller, Rutgers University Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences. Accessed November 27, 2013. "A resident of Pennington, NJ, Ken grew up in Medford, NJ in the heart of the pine barrens and still owns a house in Waretown, NJ, the home of the sounds of the NJ pines, where he watches the inexorable rise in sea level from his deck 16 ft above Barnegat Bay."
- Cahillane, Kevin. "TELEVISION; Her Fans Are Devoted. Maybe a Little Too Devoted.", The New York Times, January 22, 2006. Accessed November 27, 2013 ."While BeckyQuick.com may be frivolous, Becky Quick is not. After a childhood chasing the oil boom around Indiana, Texas and Oklahoma with her mother, geologist father and three younger brothers, her family settled in Medford."
- Assemblyman Rudder's legislative web page, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 23, 2008.
- Rosin, James (2011). Philadelphia: City of Music.
- Staff. "For Dee Dee Sharp, a good life moves on", The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 24, 2008. Accessed October 24, 2011. "Over the next 20 years, that spotlight would shine on a career that took her around the world and finally back to Medford, NJ, where she spends most of her time keeping house for her husband, attorney Bill Witherspoon."
- Biography, Jonn Savannah. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Jonn began working on the American Idol series in 2002, tuning the vocals for the contestants. In 2005 he relocated to Medford, New Jersey, where he set up Jonn Savannah Music, an umbrella organization for music writing, recording and education."
- Clark, Colleen Patrice. "On His Way", South Jersey Magazine, July 2012. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Once a standout soccer player, Medford's Drew Van Acker is now a rising star of a different kind.... He dabbled in nearly every sport when he was young, from wrestling to basketball to lacrosse, but it was soccer that ended up taking him from Medford—where his family settled after moving around until he was 10—and landing him a scholarship and hard-earned spot as a forward on the Towson University team in Maryland."
- Hagenmayer, S. Joseph. "Episcopal Bishop Albert W. Van Duzer", The Philadelphia Inquirer, November 30, 1999. Accessed November 8, 2015. "A longtime New Jersey resident, he lived in Moorestown for five years, Medford for 10 years, Trenton for 20 years, and Merchantville for 20 years."
- Narducci, Marc. "Phillies' Mitch Williams recalls fateful pitch", The Philadelphia Inquirer, February 5, 2011. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Even though Williams said he received death threats, which actually came following Game 4 when he took the loss in a 15-14 slugfest, he had nothing but positive words for the Philadelphia fans. Williams has remained in the area, living in Medford, N.J."
- Media related to Medford, New Jersey at Wikimedia Commons
- Township of Medford
- Medford Township Public Schools
- Medford Township Public Schools's 2014–15 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Data for the Medford Township Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- Lenape Regional High School District
- Medford Celebrates Foundation
- Woodford Cedar Run Wildlife Refuge
- Medford NJ
- Pineland Players