Media in Bihar

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Media in Bihar started with Biharbandhu, the first Hindi newspaper published there.

History[edit]

Biharbandhu was launched in 1872 by Keshav Ram Bhatta, a Maharashtrian Brahman who had settled in Biharsharif.[1] Hindi journalism in Bihar, and specially Patna, made little headway at the time due to lack of respect for the Hindi language. Many Hindi publications did not last, or were shelved before launching.[2] Hindi journalism also acquired wisdom and maturity, elements that took time for journalists to master.

Hindi was introduced in the law courts in Bihar in 1880[1][3] and started to have an impact in remote areas in Bihar.

The beginning of the 20th century was marked by notable new publications, including a monthly magazine, Bharat Ratna, published in Patna in 1901. It was followed by Kshatriya Hitaishi, Aryavarta from Dinapure, Patna, Udyoga and Chaitanya Chandrika.[4] Udyog was edited by Vijyaanand Tripathy, a famous poet of the time, while Chaitanya Chandrika was edited by Krishna Chaitanya Goswami. Literary activities reached many districts of Bihar.[1][5]

Magahi Parishad, established in Patna in 1952, pioneered Magadhi journalism in Bihar, by starting the monthly journal, Magadhi, later renamed Bihan. As technology progressed, Bihar TV India was established in Samastipur in 2018 by Sumit Sourav.

Tarang Media in 2017 issued a Hindi edition monthly magazine, also released from Motihari East Champaran Bihar. Published by Nishat Reza (Nishant Raaz). Tarang Media owned Broadcasting Live News.

Print media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Dainik Jagran, Navbharat Times, Aaj, Son Varsha Vani , Hindustan Dainik and Prabhat Khabar are popular Hindi newspapers. Taasir is a popular Urdu newspaper, while Bihar Taasir is another popular Urdu daily that is recognized and approved by other State Governments. National English dailies like The Times of India, Hindustan Times and The Economic Times have readership in urban regions.

E-papers[edit]

Bihar Times and Pniindia.com.

News Agenc[edit]

News Agency[edit]

Perfect News International-PNI, Asian News International-ANI Bihar TV India

Electronic media[edit]

Television[edit]

Several national television channels dedicated to Bihar are popular, including DD Bihar and ETV Bihar, In 2019 new Bhojpuri language channels were launched including Mahuaa TV[6][7] and * " TV.[8]

Television[edit]

News[edit]

Radio[edit]

Government[edit]

Government stations include[9]

Private[edit]

Private stations include:[9]

Cinema[edit]

Bihar has a film industry. Small Maithili and Angika language film industries also operate. The first Bhojpuri film Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo. "Lagi Nahin Chute Ram" is recognized as a classic. Released at the same time as Mughal-E-Azam, the former generated significant interest in eastern and northern regions. Nadiya Ke Paar is among the most famous Bhojpuri movies. Bhojpuri film industry made history in 1962 with the well-received film Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo ("Mother Ganges, I will offer you a yellow sari"), directed by Kundan Kumar.[11] Throughout the following decades, releases were infrequent. Films such as Bidesiya ("Foreigner," 1963, directed by S. N. Tripathi) and Ganga ("Ganges," 1965, directed by Kundan Kumar) were profitable and popular in Bihar, but in general Bhojpuri films were not commonly produced in the 1960s and 1970s.

In the 1980s, enough Bhojpuri films were produced to nourish an industry. Films such as Mai ("Mom," 1989, directed by Rajkumar Sharma) and Hamar Bhauji ("My Brother's Wife," 1983, directed by Kalpataru) continued to have at least sporadic success at the box office. However, this trend faded out by the end of the decade, and by 1990, the nascent industry seemed finished.[12]

The industry took off again in 2001 with the hit Saiyyan Hamar ("My Sweetheart" directed by Mohan Prasad), which shot the film's lead actor, Ravi Kishan, to stardom.)[13] These successes led to dramatic increases in visibility, and the industry grew to support an awards show[14] and a trade magazine, Bhojpuri City[15] that chronicles the production and release of what are now over one hundred films per year. Many Bollywood stars, including Amitabh Bachchan, have worked in Bhojpuri films.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ahmad Qeyamuddin, Patna Through the ages: Glimpses of History, Society and Economy, Commonwealth Publishers, New Delhi, 1988
  2. ^ Rajendra Abhinandan Granth, "Nagri Pracharini Sabha", Arrah, 3 March 1950, pp. 353
  3. ^ Kumar N., Journalism in Bihar, A Supplement to Bihar State Gazette pp. 28
  4. ^ Bihar ki Sahityik Pragati, Bihar Hindi Sahitya Sammelan, Patna 1956, pp. 73
  5. ^ Jayanti Smarak Granth, pp. 583-585
  6. ^ Bhojpuri Channel Mahuaa TV Launched
  7. ^ Bhojpuri Channel MAHUAA TV launched
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-03-15. Retrieved 2008-11-28.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-15. Retrieved 2014-10-10.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-10-24. Retrieved 2008-11-23.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ IMDB Archived 2012-08-26 at WebCite
  12. ^ Tripathy, Ratnakar (2007) 'BHOJPURI CINEMA', South Asian Popular Culture, 5:2, 145 - 165
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-08-26. Retrieved 2009-10-15.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-11-02. Retrieved 2014-10-10.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-09-04. Retrieved 2014-10-10.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)