Media in Chennai

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Chennai has many print, television and radio networks that dominate its mass media market.

Print media[edit]

The offices of The Hindu and the now-defunct The Mail in Anna Salai

Newspaper publishing started in Chennai with the launch of a weekly, The Madras Courier, in 1785.[1] It was followed by the weeklies The Madras Gazette and The Government Gazette in 1795. The Spectator, founded in 1836, was the first English newspaper in Chennai to be owned by an Indian and became the city's first daily newspaper in 1853.[2] The first Tamil newspaper, Swadesamitran, was launched in 1899.[1]

Chennai has six major print media groups that publish about eight major newspapers and magazines. The major English dailies are The Hindu, The Times of India, The New Indian Express and The Deccan Chronicle evening dailies, The Trinity Mirror and The News Today. As of 2012, The Hindu was the city's most read English newspaper, with a daily circulation of 5.4 lakh copies.[3] The major business dailies published from the city are The Economic Times, The Hindu Business Line, Business Standard, and The Financial Express. The major Tamil dailies include the Dina Thanthi, Dinakaran, Dina Mani, Dina Malar, Tamizh Ossai, Tamil Murasu, Theekkathir Makkal Kural and Malai Malar.[citation needed] Neighbourhood newspapers such as The Annanagar Times,[4] The T Nagar Times,[5] The Adyar Times,[6] Chrompet Times,[7] Pillar Times,[8] and Arcot Road Talk[9] cater to particular localities.

Magazines published from Chennai include Ananda Vikatan, Kumudam, Kalki, Nakkheeran Tamil Investigation Magazine,[10] Kungumam, Swath (Telugu magazine), Frontline, and Sportstar.[11]

Television[edit]

Doordarshan runs three terrestrial television channels, DD CHENNAI (DD-1), DD NEWS (DD-2), and DD Podhigai, and one satellite television channel, Podhigai TV, from its Chennai centre, which was set up in 1974. Private Tamil satellite television networks like Sun TV, Raj TV, Star Vijay, Jaya TV, Makkal TV and Kalaignar TV Thamizhan TV broadcast out of Chennai.

The Sun Network, a Rs. 4,395 crore public firm, is based in the city and is the country's second-largest broadcasting company, in terms of viewership share.[12][13] Some of its TV shows have generated the highest television rating points in the country. In addition to owning 19 TV channels in all major South Indian languages, the group owns FM radio stations in over eleven cities and some Tamil magazines and newspapers.[13][14][15]

SCV is the major cable TV service provider. Direct-to-home (DTH) is available via DD Direct Plus, Dish TV, Tata Sky, Sun Direct DTH, BIG TV, Airtel Digital TV and Videocon d2h. Chennai is the first city in India to have implemented the Conditional Access System for cable television.[16]

Radio[edit]

Radio broadcasting started from the radio station at the Rippon Buildings complex, founded in 1930, and was shifted to All India Radio in 1938.[1] The city has two AM and ten FM radio stations, operated by Anna University, All India Radio and private broadcasters.

No. Radio Station name Frequency
1. All India Radio Chennai (AIR Chennai) Akashvani Chennai 720 kHz 783 kHz, 1017 kHz, 4920 kHz, 7160 kHz 101.4 MHz, 102.3 MHz
2. Anna FM (Anna University, Chennai) 90.4 MHz
3. Loyola FM (Loyola College, Chennai) 90.8 MHz
4. Radio City 91.1 MHz
5. M.O.P. FM (Mop Vaishnav College, Chennai) 107.8 MHz
6. Aahaa FM 91.9 MHz
7. Big 92.7 FM (Big 92.7, Chennai) 92.7 MHz
8. Suryan FM (Suryan FM, SunTV Network) 93.5 MHz
9. Radio One FM 94.3 MHz
10. Radio Mirchi 98.3 MHz
11. Rainbow FM 101.4 MHz
12. Gold FM 102.3 MHz
13. Gyan Vani FM 104.2 MHz
14. Chennai Live 104.8 FM, Muthoot Group 104.8 MHz
15. Hello FM, Malar Publications 106.4 MHz
16. Ezhisai FM, Ezhisai www.ezhsaifm.com

Web media[edit]

  • Chennai News Wire: the first dedicated website for news wires in Chennai; contains the latest press releases and Chennai news[17]
  • Local News Online: exclusive local news website; launched in 2013; penetrates into Chennai and neighborhood news[18]
  • Neighbourhood Local Chennai News: the first dedicated website for Chennai's neighbourhood news; contains the latest press news and Chennai news [19]
  • Press Release Website: the first dedicated website for press releases in Chennai; contains the latest press releases and Chennai news[20]

Kollywood[edit]

AVM Studios

The Tamil Film Industry, based in Kodambakkam and Vadapalani area of Chennai, is the third most popular branch of Indian cinema.[21][22] The word Kollywood is a portmanteau of Kodambakkam and Hollywood. The AVM Studios located in this area is the oldest surviving studio in India.[23]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Historical Events at a Glance". District Profile. Govt. of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 2007-10-04. 
  2. ^ "A landmark's last vestiges vanish". The Hindu. 2003-02-03. Archived from the original on 2007-12-05. Retrieved 2007-10-04. 
  3. ^ "How Deccan Chronicle stormed Chennai". Rediff.com. 2005-05-04. Retrieved 2007-10-04. 
  4. ^ http://annanagartimes.in
  5. ^ http://tnagartimes.com
  6. ^ http://adyartimes.in
  7. ^ http://chrompettimes
  8. ^ http://pillartimes.com
  9. ^ http://arcotroadtalk.in
  10. ^ Nakkheeran
  11. ^ "Chennai Media". lifeinchennai.com. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  12. ^ "Sun TV Network Ltd.". Rediff.com. Retrieved 2007-10-07.  The market capitalization of Sun TV Network Ltd. is Rs. 4,395 crores, based on the closing price of Rs. 319 per share, as of October 5, 2007.
  13. ^ a b "How Maran helped Sun beat rivals". Rediff.com. 2005-05-04. Retrieved 2007-10-07. 
  14. ^ "TV Channels". Sun TV Network Ltd. Retrieved 2007-10-07. 
  15. ^ "FM Radio". Sun TV Network Ltd. Retrieved 2007-10-07. 
  16. ^ "Conditional Access System in South Delhi from December 15". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2003-12-06. Retrieved 2007-09-07. 
  17. ^ http://chennainewswire.com
  18. ^ http://localnewspaper.in
  19. ^ http://chennaisonline.com
  20. ^ http://pressreleasechennai.com
  21. ^ NULL. "Prime Focus expands India operations". Moneycontrol.com. Retrieved 2011-05-12. 
  22. ^ Sreedhar Pillai, TNN, Oct 4, 2010 TOI, Crucial time for Tamil Cinema
  23. ^ "When studios dotted Vadapalani". The Hindu. 2009-07-15. Retrieved 2011-07-15.