Media in the San Francisco Bay Area
The media in the San Francisco Bay Area has historically focused on San Francisco but also includes two other major media centers, Oakland and San Jose. The Federal Communications Commission, Nielsen Media Research, and other similar media organizations treat the San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose Bay Area as one entire media market. The region hosts to one of the oldest radio stations in the United States still in existence, KCBS (AM) (740 kHz), founded by engineer Charles Herrold in 1909. As the home of Silicon Valley, the Bay Area is also a technologically advanced and innovative region, with many companies involved with Internet media or influential websites.
The first newspaper published by Americans in California was The Californian, printed in Monterey in 1846 announcing the Mexican–American War, written half in English and half Spanish. The press was moved to San Francisco and printing started up again on May 22, 1847 in competition with the weekly California Star, beginning that January. The first newspaper published solely in English in San Francisco was The Star published by Mormon pioneer Sam Brannan before San Francisco was renamed from Yerba Buena in 1847. Both efforts suspended publication in the face of the California Gold Rush. By August, The Californian had resumed publication, but by November 1848, both papers were bought and merged, then renamed the Alta California.
The press that once printed The Californian was moved to the Sacramento area to be used on the Placer Times. The press was again moved and began publishing the Motherlode's first paper, the Sonora Herald, then taken to Columbia to print the Columbia Star. Within a few years of the discovery of gold, mother lode towns all had multiple competing journals. Before 1860, California had 57 newspapers and periodicals serving an average readership of 290,000.
James King of William began publishing the Daily Evening Bulletin in San Francisco in October, 1855 and built it into the highest circulation paper in the city. He criticized a city supervisor named James P. Casey, who, on the afternoon of the story about him, ran in the paper, shot and mortally wounded King. Casey was lynched by the early vigilante committee. The Morning Call was established and began publishing in December 1856, and later merged with the Bulletin to become the long-running Call-Bulletin. The San Francisco Chronicle debuted in June, 1865 as the Dramatic Chronicle, founded by Charles and M.H. de Young aged 19 and 17.
In 1887, young William Randolph Hearst took over his father's Daily Examiner, which became the flagship of his national chain.
Fremont Older became editor of the San Francisco Bulletin in 1895 and took up the struggle against the powerful Southern Pacific Railroad and along with fellow Californian Lincoln Steffens, became a well-known muckraker and the first objective observer to accuse District Attorney Charles Fickert of the framing of labor radical Thomas Mooney.
The oldest African-American newspaper, still active in the 1930s, was the California Eagle. It appeared first in Los Angeles in 1879. The first French journals, the Californien and the Gazette Republicane both began in 1850, and were followed by the Courrier du Pacifique in 1852. Both the first German and first Italian papers, the California Demokrat (1852) and the Voce del Popolo (1859) were founded in San Francisco and had long runs. Chinese in California have published many newspapers, the first being the Gold Hills News in 1854.
Noted journalists, writers, cartoonists and publishers have passed through San Francisco's media world, including:
By the early decades of the 20th century, San Francisco supported four major dailies and numerous influential weeklies. The dailies were the San Francisco Call (later Call-Bulletin), the San Francisco Examiner, the San Francisco Chronicle and the Scripps-Howard-owned Daily News. The weeklies included the Wasp, the Argonaut, the Labor Clarion, the Coast Seamen's Journal, Emanu-el, Liberator and the News Letter.
Today, several newspapers, covering community, regional, national, and international news, and community-specific papers, catering to niche markets and individual neighborhoods, are in circulation in the San Francisco Bay Area. The major English-language newspapers include the daily East Bay Times, San Francisco Chronicle, San Francisco Examiner, and San Jose Mercury News. The weekly alternative papers are the Metro Silicon Valley, East Bay Express, and SF Weekly. The Epoch Times, Singtao Daily, World Journal, and Kangzhongguo are among the Asian newspapers that serve the Bay Area.
- East Bay Times (Walnut Creek) – daily broadsheet
- The Daily News (Palo Alto) – weekly tabloid
- East Bay Express (Oakland) – weekly alternative
- Marin Independent Journal (Novato) – daily broadsheet
- The Epoch Times (California) – weekly broadsheet
- The Mercury News (San Jose) – daily broadsheet
- Metro Silicon Valley (San Jose) – weekly alternative
- El Observador (San Jose) – Spanish/English bilingual weekly
- Palo Alto Daily Post (Palo Alto) – daily tabloid
- Palo Alto Weekly (Palo Alto) – weekly tabloid
- The Recorder (San Francisco) – daily legal newspaper
- San Francisco Business Times (San Francisco) – weekly business
- San Francisco Chronicle (San Francisco) – daily broadsheet
- San Francisco Daily Journal (San Francisco) – daily legal newspaper
- The San Francisco Examiner (San Francisco) – daily tabloid
- SF Weekly (San Francisco) – weekly alternative
- Silicon Valley Business Journal (San Jose) – weekly business
- Several other community-based papers, published on a daily or weekly basis
- Former newspapers
- Alameda Times-Star (Alameda)
- The Argus (Fremont) – daily broadsheet
- Contra Costa Times (Walnut Creek) – daily broadsheet
- Daily Review (Hayward) – daily broadsheet
- Oakland Tribune (Oakland) – daily broadsheet
- Peninsula Times Tribune (Palo Alto) – daily broadsheet
- Redwood City Daily News (Redwood City) – daily tabloid
- San Francisco Bay Guardian – weekly alternative
- San Francisco Progress – thrice-weekly broadsheet
- San Mateo County Times (San Mateo) – daily broadsheet
- Ethnic newspapers
Aside from the major English broadsheets, the Bay Area also publishes newspapers catering to the large ethnic communities in the region, including:
- Calitoday (San Jose) – Vietnamese/English bilingual semiweekly
- The Epoch Times (San Francisco) – Chinese daily broadsheet
- International Daily News (San Francisco) – Chinese daily broadsheet
- Kanzhongguo Times (Milpitas) – Chinese
- The Oakland Post (Oakland) – African American
- San Francisco Bay View (San Francisco) – African American
- Sing Tao Daily (Brisbane) – Chinese daily broadsheet
- Vietnam Daily News (San Jose) – Vietnamese daily
- Vision Hispana (Alameda) – Hispanic
- World Journal (San Francisco) – Chinese daily broadsheet
- Several other Asian and Hispanic newspapers
- Former ethnic newspapers
- Cái Đình Làng (San Francisco) – Vietnamese
- Nuevo Mundo (San Jose) – Spanish weekly
- SaigonUSA (San Jose) – Vietnamese semiweekly
- Thái Bình (San Francisco) – Vietnamese
- Trống Đồng (San Jose) – Vietnamese weekly
- Viet Mercury (San Jose) – Vietnamese weekly
- East West The Chinese American Journal (San Francisco) – Chinese English weekly
- Việt Nam Tự Do (San Jose) – Vietnamese daily
- Viet Tribune (San Jose) – Vietnamese weekly
- Vietnam Family (Gia Đình, San Jose) – Vietnamese weekly
- Vietnam Mom (Mẹ Việt Nam, San Jose) – Vietnamese monthly
- Vietnam Times (Thời Báo, San Jose) – Vietnamese daily
- VTimes (San Jose) – Vietnamese
Several college newspapers also exist as well in the Bay Area, including:
- The Advocate (Contra Costa College) – weekly broadsheet
- The Campanil (Mills College)
- The Daily Californian (UC Berkeley) – daily broadsheet
- Golden Gate XPress (San Francisco State University)
- Pioneer (CSU Hayward) – weekly
- San Francisco Foghorn (University of San Francisco) – weekly tabloid
- The Santa Clara (Santa Clara University) – weekly tabloid
- Spartan Daily (San Jose State University) – thrice-weekly broadsheet
- The Stanford Daily (Stanford University) – daily broadsheet
- Synapse (UC San Francisco)
- Bay Nature
- The Believer
- Bob Cut Mag
- The Bold Italic
- McSweeney's magazine and publishing house
- Mother Jones
- San Francisco magazine
The San Francisco Bay Area is currently the sixth-largest television market in the United States, with all of the major U.S. television networks having affiliates serving the region, and it is host to various local, national and international programming. With a large, diverse population spread throughout the region, the Bay Area provides channels specific to their needs, including Asian and Hispanic television stations, as well as foreign programming on digital subchannels.
When television stations identify themselves, they usually identify the station in this order (it is often altered depending on the station's city of license, but always includes San Francisco in the list): (channel/station ID), San Francisco, Oakland, San Jose. This also happens when radio stations (listed below) identify themselves on the top of each hour. Prior to the 1990s, these stations would almost exclusively identify based on the exact city of license, with a notable exception being major independent (now Fox O&O) KTVU, which would identify using KTVU, Oakland, San Francisco as San Francisco has traditionally been the better-known and more "important" city in the region.
Currently, television stations that primarily serve the San Francisco Bay Area include: 
Notes: † – channel involved in a duopoly with another channel, owned by the same company or network. * – channel is a network owned-and-operated station.
In addition to local television channels, several television networks have regional news bureaus in the San Francisco Bay Area, including BBC, CNN, ESPN, MSNBC, Al Jazeera America, Russia Today, CCTV America, and PBS.
Regional sports networks NBC Sports Bay Area and NBC Sports California air San Francisco Giants, Oakland Athletics, Golden State Warriors, Sacramento Kings, San Jose Sharks and San Jose Earthquakes games.
The San Francisco Bay Area is currently the fourth-largest radio market in the United States, with all of the major U.S. radio networks having affiliates serving the region. While most radio stations targeting the Bay Area originate in San Francisco, it also includes stations broadcasting from San Jose, mostly to South Bay listeners and other parts of the Bay Area depending on reception. (The San Jose radio market ranks as the 37th largest, but is considered an embedded market within the Bay Area.)
When radio frequencies broadcast their identities, they would usually identify their frequency in this order (it can be altered depending on the network's city of license, but always include San Francisco in the list): (channel/station ID), San Francisco, Oakland, San Jose.
Currently, radio stations that primarily serve the San Francisco Bay Area include:
|Station||Frequency||Format||City of License||Owner|
|KSFO||560||Talk||San Francisco||Cumulus Media|
|KEAR||610||Christian Radio||Family Radio|
|KIQI||1010||Spanish||San Francisco||Multicultural Broadcasting|
|KTCT||1050||Sports||San Mateo||Cumulus Media|
|KFAX||1100||Religious Talk||San Francisco||Salem Communications|
|KLOK||1170||Indian||San Jose||Principle Broadcasting|
|KDYA||1190||Urban gospel||Vallejo||Baybridge Communications|
|KDOW||1220||Business News/Talk||Palo Alto||Salem Communications|
|KSFB||1260||Catholic Radio||San Francisco||Immaculate Heart Radio|
|KMKY||1310||South Asian||Oakland||Charanjit Batth|
|KZSF||1370||Spanish||San Jose||Carlos Duarate|
|KEST||1450||Chinese||San Francisco||Multicultural Broadcasting|
|KGMZ||1550||LGBTQ Talk/Dance||San Francisco||Audacy|
|KLIV||1590||Silent||San Jose||Empire Broadcasting|
|KDIA||1640||Religious Talk||Vallejo||Baybridge Communications|
|KBCP||1650||Various (School)||San Jose||Bellarmine College Preparatory|
Besides websites that exist in addition to print publications, many publications that only exist online have come into existence in recent years. The most notable include:
As the home of Silicon Valley, several high technology companies involved with Internet media or social media are either headquartered or have a significant presence in the Bay Area. These include the following:
- "San Francisco Progress shuts down 'temporarily'". United Press International. December 16, 1988. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
- Bùi Văn Phú (November 7, 2005). "Khai sinh và khai tử của một tờ báo Việt chủ Mỹ" [The birth and death of an American-owned Vietnamese newspaper]. Talawas (in Vietnamese). Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- Bùi Văn Phú (November 6, 2015). "'Khủng bố ở Little Saigon' tiết lộ gì?" [Does 'Terror in Little Saigon' reveal anything?]. BBC Vietnamese (in Vietnamese). BBC. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- P. Thy (October 5, 2014). "Nhật báo Thời Báo San Jose đình bản vĩnh viễn" [Daily newspaper Thời Báo of San Jose permanently ceases publication]. Saigon Broadcasting Television Network (in Vietnamese). Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- Ngọc Lãng (October 7, 2014). "San Jose: Nhật Báo Thời Báo Đóng Cửa Sau 30 Năm 1984-2014" [San Jose: Daily Newspaper Thời Báo Closes Its Doors After 30 Years 1984-2014]. Việt Báo Daily News (in Vietnamese). Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- The Campanil
- Golden Gate XPress
- San Francisco Foghorn
- Spartan Daily Archived 2015-01-03 at the Wayback Machine
- San Francisco newspapers – newspaper guide
- California newspapers – newspaper guide
- "Station Index – San Francisco – Oakland – San Jose". Retrieved 18 March 2013.