Media of Gabon
The Media of Gabon is primarily monitored by the Gabon government. Although the main newspapers are associated with the government, there are private broadcasters, and private weeklies that are mostly controlled by opposition parties. There are two major television stations. One is a French radio network and the other is a provincial station. The major media categories are Press, Television, Radio, and Internet news.
The national press service is the Gabonese Press Agency, which publishes a daily paper. L'Union located in Libreville, is the government controlled daily newspaper, it had an average daily circulation of 40,000 in 2002. The weekly Gabon d'Aujourdhui, is published by the Ministry of Communications. There are about nine privately owned periodicals which are either independent or affiliated with political parties. These are published in small numbers and are often delayed by financial constraints. These include:
Name Language Published Ownership Le Temps French Weekly Private Le Temoin French Weekly Private Le Journal French Bi-Monthly Private La Lowe French Weekly Private La Relance French Weekly Private
Foreign newspapers are available.
Radio Télévision Gabonaise (RTG), which is owned and operated by the government, broadcasts in French and indigenous languages. Color television broadcasts have been introduced in major cities. Radio Télévision Gabonaise is one of the state run television stations. Two channels are operated under their network. There were also two government television stations and four privately owned. TeleAfrica is one of the four privately owned television stations. In 2003, it was determined that around 308 television sets are available for every 1,000 people. About 11.5 of every 1,000 people were cable subscribers.
In 1981, a commercial radio station, Africa No. 1, began operations. The most powerful radio station on the continent, it has participation from the French and Gabonese governments and private European media. In 2004, the government operated two radio stations and another seven were privately owned. In 2003 it was estimated that about 50% of the population owns radios.
Agence Gabonaise de Presse (AGP) is an online news agency in the French language. Foreign Internet News Media includes: Africa Intelligence, Africa Time, Afrik, Afrol, All Africa, Ici Cemac, Index Mundi, IRIN, IZF, Relif Web, and Topix.
In 2003, there were 22.4 personal computers for every 1,000 people and 26 of every 1,000 people had access to the Internet. There were six secure Internet servers in the country in 2004. By 2011, approximately 109,000 people were determined to be Internet users.
Name Language Published Location Gabo News French Daily National Gabon Actu French Daily National Gabon Eco French Daily National Gabon Review French Daily National Infos Plus Gabon French Daily National
Gabon's oil resources and the revenue that is generated from oil rank the country high among the wealthy nations in Africa. The income in Gabon has major discrepancies. However, the gross domestic profit is one of well above the average in comparison to other African nations. In 1999, the telecommunications market become liberalized. The government established an independent regulatory authority. There mobile telephone licenses and two Internet Service Providers (ISP) licenses were also established. By 2008, Gabon Telecom became privatized when Vivendi-controlled Maroc Telecom purchased a large amount of stock. The Ministry of Information, Post and Technology provides domestic services for Gabon and participates in international services. There are direct radio and telephone communications with Paris and other overseas points. Their telecom operation's are privitazations, acquisitions and new licenses. It includes fixed, mobile, and broadband. Gabon has one of the most penetrated mobile markets among in Africa. The major service providers include Zain, Gabon's Telecom's Libertis, and Etisalat's Moov.
Freedom of speech
The Constitution of Gabon was adopted on March 26, 1991. There has been five amendments to the constitution since it was implemented in 1991. The Constitution protects the freedom of speech and the freedom of press. In the Constitution's fundamental principles and rights, the second right states: "Freedom of conscience, thought, opinion, expression, communication, and the free practise of religion shall be guaranteed to all, under the reservation of respect of public order."
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- This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies website http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/.
- BBC News Africa (2012). "Gabon profile". Gabon profile. London, England: BBC. Retrieved 2013-05-09.
- BuddeComm (2013). "Gabon - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband". Executive Summary. Gabon: BuddeComm.
- World Intellectual Property Organization (2003). "Constitution of the Gabonese Republic". Constitution/Basic Law. Gabon: World Intellectual Property Organization.