Media of Iceland
Iceland has been in the top ten of the Reporters Without Borders Press Freedom Index, since it was first compiled in 2002 until 2014. It was first or joint first in 2002-2008 and 2010. Its 2015 ranking is twenty one, reflecting a sharp deterioration in freedom of information since 2013, according to Reporters Without Borders.
The principal television station in Iceland is RÚV, which is state-owned. It has a commitment to promote the Icelandic language and the country’s history, and is partly funded by license fee; the rest of the RÚV’s income comes from advertising. The channel broadcast by RÚV is Sjónvarpið, which translates as ‘the television’. Broadcasts started in 1966, and coverage very quickly reached every household in Iceland. RÚV had a monopoly on domestic broadcasting until 1986.
The main private television network is 365 corporation which runs numerous television stations including Stöð 2 (lit. ‘Channel 2’) which broadcasts mostly American programming but also original Icelandic programming and news programms. Other notable channels owned by 365 include Stöð 2 Sport, a sports channel, and various other sports channels and a movie channel which broadcasts mostly American movies. All of 365's channels are funded by subscription fees and advertising sales with one exception, Skífan TV, a music channel with music videos 24/7. The only subscription free principal channel is Skjár einn, which mainly broadcasts American programming and original Icelandic programming and is completely funded by advertising sales.
Before television broadcasting started in 1966, RÚV had already been broadcasting radio since 1930. Rás 1 is the principal radio station, along with its sister channel Rás 2. Bylgjan is a notable private broadcaster.
Literature is a favourite pastime of the Icelanders, and so the printed press in the country is quite well developed.
Fréttablaðið is the principal daily newspaper in Iceland, and has the largest circulation of any newspaper in the country. It is distributed by 365 hf. to homes, free of charge. Morgunblaðið is a much older newspaper, founded in 1913, and is Fréttablaðið’s main competitor. Its readership is second largest after Fréttablaðið. These are the two main publications in terms of the quality press.
Viðskiptablaðið, Icelandic Financial News (lit. ‘the commercial newspaper’), is the country’s principal business-oriented newspaper.
The internet is unrestricted by the government, and is used by around 97% of the population. Government has put in place rules that force telecommunication companies to block popular file sharing sites like The Pirate Bay and KickassTorrents.
- "Details About Iceland". 2015 World Press Freedom Index. Reporters Without Borders. 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
- "World Press Freedom Index 2015: decline on all fronts". 2015 World Press Freedom Index. Reporters Without Borders. 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
Iceland (21st, down 13) paid the price of worsening relations between politicians and media. The drop was an alarm call for this “model of democracy”.
- "Freedom of information in decline for past two years in Iceland". Reporters Without Borders. Reporters Without Borders. 2 January 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
- BBC NEWS | World | Europe | Country profiles | Country profile: Iceland
- , World Factbook
- , Pirate Bay lokað til að opna aftur annarsstaðar, Kjarninn
- List of Icelandic newspapers
- List of Icelandic magazines
- List of Icelandic television channels
- List of Icelandic radio stations