Media of Kenya
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Media in Kenya includes more than 90 FM stations, more than 15 TV stations, and an unconfirmed number of print newspapers and magazines. Publications mainly use English as their primary language of communication, with some media houses employing Swahili. Vernacular or community-based languages are commonly used in broadcast media; mostly radio.
Kenya's state-owned Kenya Broadcasting Corporation remains the only broadcaster with countrywide coverage. It broadcasts in both English and Swahili plus various vernacular languages. Royal Media services is the largest private national broadcaster with countrywide coverage. It also broadcasts in both English and Swahili plus various vernacular languages. A dozen private radio and television stations have ranges that are limited to the Nairobi area.
The media in Kenya is regulated by a statutory body called the Media Council of Kenya. The Media Council of Kenya is an independent national institution established by the Media Act, 2007 as the leading institution in the regulation of media and in the conduct and discipline of journalists. It is mandated amongst other to register and accredit journalists, register media establishments, handle complaints from the public and create and publish yearly media audit on the Media Freedom in Kenya. During accreditation the journalists agree to adhere to the Code of Conduct and Practice of Journalism in Kenya, which was created by media practitioners and stakeholders with the view of making Journalism in Kenya a more professional and respectable field. The media is also regulated by the Kenya Film Classification Board, a State Corporation under the Ministry of Sports, Culture and the Arts which is mandated by the Films and Stage Plays Act Cap 222 laws of Kenya to regulate the creation, possession, broadcasting, exhibition and distribution of films in Kenya.
- See also: List of radio stations in Africa: Kenya
KBC, Citizen FM, Kiss FM (pop), Classic FM (classics), Capital FM (rock and pop), Easy FM (R&B), Metro FM(Reggae), X FM(Rock), Homeboyz Radio(Hip hop and R&B) are the popular radio stations in Kenya in terms of listeners and coverage. A number of established private radio stations broadcast in local vernacular languages, including Kameme FM and Coro FM (Kikuyu), Metro East FM (Hindi), Chamgei FM, Kass FM and Rehema Radio (Kalenjin), Lake Victoria (Luo), Mulembe FM (Luhya), Mbaitu FM (Kamba), Star FM (Somali).
KBC, NTV, KTN, Citizen TV, K24 are the biggest TV stations in Kenya in terms of coverage and viewers. Recently entertainment TV ventured in the Kenyan airspace with the inclusion of Kiss TV, a 24-hour Music TV Station and Classic TV which airs African content in terms of movies, programs and music.But recently tho two joined together. Digital TV is also available in Kenya with the likes of SmartTV and DSTV.
More than 100 applications for radio and television licenses are pending before the Communication Commission of Kenya, which is the independent regulatory authority for the communications industry in Kenya. Its role is to license and regulate telecommunications, radio-communication and postal/courier services in Kenya. Kenya's print media are diverse, ranging from well-respected newspapers and magazines to an expansive tabloid press.
There are two independent national daily newspapers, the Daily Nation, The Standard, and two daily free newspapers, X News, and the People Daily. There are also two specialised daily papers, Business Daily and The Star, and one weekly paper, The East African, which is published in Nairobi, Dar es Salaam and Kampala.
Under the Kibaki government, the media have demonstrated greater editorial independence than in previous years, and the number of press freedom abuses has declined. Still, some media policies and incidents continue to inhibit press freedom, e.g., the need to post a costly bond prior to publication and to register afterward. In 2003 the government invoked a restrictive constitutional provision on court coverage to intimidate journalists reporting on a possible political murder. In March 2006, hooded policemen raided the offices of The Standard newspaper and Kenya Television Network, claiming concerns about internal security.
All mainstream media houses have websites that they use to convey news and other information. The rise of online magazines, blogs and websites for Kenyan news is also increasing. Some of the top internet news companies in Kenya include the likes of Ghafla!, a youth entertainment company, siasareport, an aggregation website that tracks late breaking Kenyan news, Daily Post, DailyPost Kenya, +254 Campus News, inairobi, Kenya Moja, Kahawa Tungu, Buzz Kenya, Mpasho news, The Daily Inspiration] and many others.
Kenya has a number of magazines most of which are published monthly and a few are bi-monthly. The magazines cover a range of topics such as business, lifestyle, politics, entertainment, media and other societal issues.
All newspapers that are published are usually accomplished with a magazine in every daily edition.
- Code of Conduct for the Practice of Journalism in Kenya http://www.mediacouncil.or.ke/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=23&Itemid=90
- Function of the Media Council of Kenya http://www.mediacouncil.or.ke/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=22&Itemid=34
- Kenya country profile. Library of Congress Federal Research Division (June 2007).Lazarus Albert Community radio This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "List of Kenyan Magazines". Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- William A. Hachten (1965). "Press in a One-Party State: Kenya since Independence". Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly. 42. doi:10.1177/107769906504200211.
- George Githii (1971). "Press Freedom in Kenya". In Olav Stokke. Reporting Africa. Uppsala: Scandinavian Institute of African Studies. OCLC 878108651.
- Dele Ogunade (1986). "Mass Media Systems of Kenya and Tanzania: a Comparative Analysis". Africa Media Review. 1 (1) – via Michigan State University Libraries, African e-Journals Project.
- A. Owiro-Okoth (1990). "Law and the Mass Media in Kenya". Africa Media Review. 4 (1) – via Michigan State University Libraries, African e-Journals Project.
- Polycarp J. Omolo Ochilo (1993). "Press Freedom and the Role of the Media in Kenya". Africa Media Review. 7 (3) – via Michigan State University Libraries, African e-Journals Project.
- "Kenya: Directory: Broadcasting and Communications". Africa South of the Sahara 2003. Regional Surveys of the World. Europa Publications. 2003. p. 540. ISSN 0065-3896.
- Jonathon Green; Nicholas J. Karolides (2005). "Kenya". Encyclopedia of Censorship. Facts on File, Inc. ISBN 978-1-4381-1001-1.
- Winnie V. Mitullah (2012), Freedom of expression in Kenya: Exploring public use of old and new media (PDF), Afrobarometer – via Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich, Center for Security Studies
- Historical Dictionary of Kenya (3rd ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. 2014. ISBN 978-0-8108-7469-5. (Includes information about radio, periodicals, etc.)
- "Kenya", Freedom of the Press, USA: Freedom House, 2016
- Media Council of Kenya – Statutory Media Regulator
- Kenya Broadcasting Corporation – a government corporation
- listen kenya FM Radio stations Online
- Listen Kenya Radios Online
- Media and Telecommunication Landscape in Kenya, a infoasaid guide, November 2010, 80 pp.
- List of Kenyan YouTubers
- Creative Edge Limited, Creative Edge. "Creative Edge". http://www.creative.co.ke. Retrieved 23 September 2014. External link in